IAS Prelims Current Affairs Analysis 2016: Question Review

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IAS Prelims Current Affairs Analysis 2016: Question Review

IAS Prelims Current Affairs Analysis 2016: Question Review:  Union Public Services Commision (UPSC) conducted the IAS Prelims exam on 7 August 2016. Millions of aspirants from various corners of the country appeared for the exam. All those who gave the IAS Prelims exam, must be eager to know their result.

IAS is one of the most popular and prestigious exams of the country. Candidates who appeared for the prelims can see the answer key and the overall exam analysis for the IAS Paper. In this article, we will be giving an in-depth analysis for the most important topic of IAS viz. Current Affairs. We have mentioned the entire list of questions asked in the exam along with the reasons and sources through which they were asked.

 

IAS Prelims Current Affairs Analysis 2016

If we carefully analyse the general studies question paper 1 for the prelims exam, we can conclude that it has two parts – Static and Dynamic. The static parts deals with questions related to the subjects like History, Indian Polity, Economics, and Geography etc. The questions in the dynamic part consist of Current Affairs related to all the fields of education.

The nature of question paper was much different than previous year’s papers. This year dynamic part dominated the IAS Prelims question paper. In this article, we will be focusing on question review of IAS Prelims Current Affairs section. Let’s have a look at each current affairs topic covered in the IAS prelims exam.

Economics and Social Development

Que. Regarding ‘Atal pension Yojana’, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. It is a minimum guaranteed pension scheme mainly targeted at unorganized sector workers.
  2. Only one member of a family can join the scheme
  3. Same amount of pension is guaranteed for the spouse for life after subscriber’s death.

Reasons for Asking: Recently in news as the provisions regarding the payment of lump-sum on the death of the subscriber was amended in the month of March 2016 by the government. It was also mentioned in Economic Survey.

Que. Which of the following is/are the advantage / advantages of practicing drip irrigation?

  1. reduction of weed
  2. reduction in soil salinity
  3. reduction in soil erosion

Reasons for Asking:

  • Pradhan Mantri Sinchai Yojana was in the news to encourage drip irrigation.
  • Also El-Nino and the drought brought water conservation into greater focus.
  • Economic Survey also highlighted he scheme a lot.

Ques. Regarding ‘Digi locker’, sometimes seen in the news, which of the following is / are correct?

  1. It is an digilocker system offered by the govt under digital India programme
  2. It allows you to access your e-documents irrespective of your physical location

Reasons for Asking:

  • Digital Locker Scheme has been in the news for some time now.
  • Press Information Bureau has also released information on this scheme.
  • Economic survey also highlighted it

Ques. The establishment of ‘Payment Banks’ is being allowed in India to promote financial inclusion. Which of the following statements is/are correct in this context?

  1. Mobile telephone companies and supermarket chains that are owned and controlled by residents are eligible to be promoters of Payment Banks.
  2. Payment Banks can issue both credit cards and debit cards
  3. Payment banks cannot undertake lending activities

Reasons for Asking:

  • Issue of Payment Banks was discussed in Yojana Magazine August 2015 Edition.
  • Payment banks have been consistent in the news

Ques. Which one of the following is a purpose of ‘UDAY’, a scheme of the Government?

  1. Providing technical and financial assistance to the start-up entrepreneurs in the field of renewable sources of energy
  2. Providing electricity to every household in the country of 2018
  3. Replacing the coal-based power plants with natural gas, nuclear, solar, wind and tidal power plants over a period of time
  4. Providing for financial turnaround and revival of power distribution companies

Reasons for Asking:

  • As on March 2015, the accumulated losses and the outstanding debt of DISCOMs are approximately Rs. 3.8 lakh crore and Rs. 4.3 lakh crore, respectively.  
  • Became major news and Economic Survey dedicated a full chapter to this scheme.

Ques. With reference to ‘IFC Masala Bonds’, sometimes seen in the news, which of the statements given below is/are correct?

  1. The International Finance Corporation, which offers these bonds, is an arm of the World Bank.
  2. They are the rupee-denominated bonds and are a source of debt financing for the public and private sector

Reasons for Asking:

IFC issued a 5-year Masala bond on the London Stock Exchange, the first green bond issued in the offshore rupee markets on August 2015.

Ques. Recently, which one of the following currencies has been proposed to be added to the basket of IMF’s SDR?

  1. Rouble
  2. Rand
  3. Indian Rupee
  4. Renminbi

Reasons for Asking:

  • The Chinese renminbi will be there in the Special Drawing Rights basket of currencies of the International Monetary Fund from Oct. 1.
  • Chinese economy has been much analysed right from The Hindu to the Economic Survey.

Ques. ‘Rashtriya Garima Abhiyaan’ is a National campaign to

  1. Rehabilitate the homeless and destitute the persons and provide them with suitable sources of livelihood.
  2. Release the sex workers from their practice and provide them with alternative sources of livelihood.
  3. Eradicate the practice of manual scavenging and rehabilitate the manual scavengers
  4. Release the bonded laborers from their bondage and rehabilitate them

Reasons for Asking:

  • Manual Scavenging is closely associated with exploitation of dalits as majority of them work in this despite it being banned. Issue of dalit atrocities in news in recent times.
  • Government had passed the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers
    and their Rehabilitation Act in 2013.

Ques. Which of the following best describes the term ‘import cover’, sometimes seen in the news?

  1. It is the ratio of value of imports to the Gross Domestic Product of a country.
  2. It is the total value of imports of a country in a year.
  3. It is the ratio between the value of exports and that of imports between two countries.
  4. It is the number of months of imports that could be paid for by a country’s international reserves.

Reasons for Asking:

India’s import cover improved to 10.9 months at the end of March 2016, from 9.8 months at end-September 2015, as the country’s reserves improved about $10 billion in the period, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) said in its half yearly report on foreign exchange reserves.

Ques. Why does the Government of India promote the use of ‘Neem-coated Urea’ in agriculture?

  1. Release of Neem oil in the soil increases nitrogen fixation by the soil microorganisms.
  2. Neem coating slows down the rate of distribution of urea in the soil
  3. Nitrous oxide, which is a greenhouse gas, is not at all released into the atmosphere by crop fields.
  4. It is a combination of a weedicide and a fertilizer for particular crops.

Reasons for Asking:

  • Directly from Economic Survey opening para in chapter on Fertilizers.
  • Recently government has promised to double the farmer’s income and the access to subsidised fertilisers has been one of the biggest problems
  • Last year the government has also announced the new urea policy.

Ques. With reference to ‘Stand Up India Scheme’ which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. Its purpose is to promote entrepreneurship among SC/ST and women entrepreneurs.
  2. It provides for refinance through SIDBI.

Reasons for Asking:

It was much in news especially with India’s new Startup Culture. Launched by the PM in April 2016.

Ques. The Term ‘Core Banking Solutions’ is sometimes seen in the news. Which of the following statements best describes/ describe this term?

  1. It is networking of a bank’s branches which enable customers to operate their accounts from any branch of the bank on its network regardless of where they open their accounts.
  2. It is an effort to increase RBI’s control over commercial banks through computerization.
  3. It is a procedure by which a bank with huge non-performing assets is taken over by another bank.

Reasons for Asking:

It was in news in March. Department of Posts has decided to provide CBS to its customers.

Ques. With reference to pre-packaged items in India, It is mandatory to the manufacturer to put which of the following information on the main label, as per the Food Safety and Standards (Packaging and Labeling) Regulations, 2011?

  1. List of the ingredients including addictive’s
  2. Nutrition information
  3. Recommendations, if any, made by the medical profession about the possibility of any allergic reactions
  4. Vegetarian/ Non- Vegetarian

Reasons for Asking:

It was big time in news over the Maggi noodles issues.

Ques. What is/are the purpose/purposes of ‘Marginal Cost of Funds based Lending Rate (MCLR)by RBI?

  1. These guidelines help improve the transparency in the methodology followed by the banks for determining the interest rates on advances
  2. these guidelines helps ensure the availability of bank credit the interest rate which are fare to the borrowers as well as the banks

Reasons for Asking:

The much-awaited RBI guidelines on calculating the benchmark lending rate was launched in December 2015.

Ques. With reference to ‘initiative for nutritional security through intensive millets promotions’, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. This initiative aims to demonstrate the improved production and post-harvest technologies, and to demonstrate value addition techniques ,in an integrated manner with cluster approach
  2. Poor, small, marginal and tribal farmers have larger stake in this scheme
  3. an important objective of the scheme is to encourage farmers of commercial crops to shift to millet cultivation by offering them free kits of critical inputs of nutrients and micro irrigation equipment .

Reasons for Asking:

Promoting nutri-cereals in a malnourished country has been a focus area since the scheme was launched in 2011-12 to enhance India’s nutritional security.

Ques. With reference to ‘Financial Stability and Development Council’, consider the following statements?

  1. It is an organ of NITI Aayog.
  2. It is headed by the Union Finance Minister.
  3. It monitors macroprudential supervision of the economy.

Reasons for Asking:

From current affairs section macro-economic changes that are taking place in the present government and related administrative changes in governance over period of time after LPG reforms.

International Affairs Organisation and Report

Ques. The term ‘Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership’ often appears in the news in the context of the affairs of a group of countries known as

  1. G20
  2. ASEAN
  3. SCO
  4. SAARC

Reasons for Asking:

  • Recently it has been in the news quite a lot.
  • Doctors without borders has asked India not to accept RCEP lest it won’t be a medicine market of the world and recently the ASEAN members are asked India to either reduce the tariffs or to quit the talks on FTA held by RCEP.
  • Given great importance in Economic Survey with a chapter discussing in detail.

Ques. Consider the following statements:

  1. The international solar alliance was launched at the United Nations climate change Conference in 2015
  2. The alliance includes all the countries of the United Nations

Reasons for Asking:

The issue of International Solar Alliance has been in the news for some time now. The International Solar Alliance was unveiled at the Paris climate summit.

Ques. European stability mechanism sometimes seen in the news, is an

  1. Agency created by EU to deal with the impact of millions of refugees arriving from middle east
  2. Agency of EU that provides financial assistances to euro zones countries
  3. Agencies of EU to deal with all the bilateral and multi-lateral agreements on trade
  4. Agency of EU to deal with the conflicts arising among the member countries

Reasons for Asking:

  • This question has appeared due to the larger background of the Greek Debt Crisis which has been in the news for some time now.
  • The Brexit issue brought it back into major focus.

Ques. With reference to the agreement at the UNFCCC Meeting in Paris in 2015, which of the following statements is / are correct?

  1. The agreement was signed by all the member countries of the UN and it will go into effect in    2017.
  2. The agreement aims to limit the greenhouse gas emissions so that the rise in average global temperature by the end of the century does not exceed 2 Celsius or even 1.5 celsius above pre-industrial levels.
  3. Developed countries acknowledged their historical responsibilities in global warming and committed to donate $ 1000 billion a year from 2020 to help developing countries to cope with climatic change.

Reasons for Asking:

The Paris Climate Change Conference was held in November 2015. This was a major issue in the news. India had taken a very active part.

Ques. Consider the following statements:

  1. The sustainable development goals were first proposed in 1972 by a global think tank called the ‘Club of Rome’
  2. The sustainable Development Goals have to be achieved by 2030.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Reasons for Asking:

The United Nations Sustainable Development Summit was held on 25 September 2015. This was an important development in the field of current affairs. There were many infographics on this in major newspapers

Ques. Which of the following is/ are the indicator/ indicators used by IFPRI to compute the Global Hunger Index Report?

  1. Undernourishment
  2. Child stunting
  3. Child Mortality

Reasons for Asking:

India was ranked 80th out of 104 countries in the Global Hunger Index 2015. This news was present in many newspapers and reports.

Ques. The term ‘Intended Nationally Determined Contributions’ is sometimes seen in the news in the context of

  1. Pledges made by the European countries to rehabilitate refugees from the war-affected Middle East
  2. Plan of action outlined by the countries of the world to combat climate change
  3. Capital contributed by the member countries in the establishment of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
  4. Plan of action outlined by the countries of the world regarding Sustainable Development Goals

Reasons for Asking:

  • COP 21 was held in Paris from November 30 to December 12, 2015. Negotiations resulted in the adoption of the Paris Agreement on 12 December.
  • Economic Survey dedicated an entire chapter to discussing India’s INDCs.

Ques. Consider the following pair:
Community sometimes mentioned in the news  :  In the affairs of

  1. Kurd          :   Bangladesh
  2. Madhesi     :   Nepal
  3. Rohingya    :   Myanmar

Reasons for Asking:

The Madhesi blockade at the Nepal-India border point of Birgunj in 2015 and rohingya muslims in myanmar issues were in news.

Ques. With reference to ‘Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)’, consider the following statements:

  1. It is an organization of European Union in working relation with NATO and WHO.
  2. It monitors chemical industry to prevent new weapons from emerging.
  3. It provides assistance and protection to States (Parties) against chemical weapons threats.

Reasons for Asking:

OPCW was in news regarding chemical weapons warfare in Syria recently. 

Ques.  The FAO accords the status of ‘Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System (GIAHS)’ to traditional agricultural systems. What is the overall goal of this initiative?

  1. To prove modern technology, training in modern farming methods and financial support to local communities of identified GIAHS so as to greatly enhance their agricultural productivity
  2. To identify and safeguard eco-friendly traditional farm practices and their associated landscapes, agricultural biodiversity and knowledge systems of the local communities.
  3. To provide Geographical Inclination status to all the varieties of agricultural produce in such identified GIAHS

Reasons for Asking:

22-23 February 2016 marked the first meeting of the GIAHS Scientific Advisory Group (SAG) at FAO.

Ques. ‘India’s ranking in ease of doing Business Index’ is sometimes seen in the news. Which of the following have declared that ranking?

  1. Organization of Economic Cooperation and development (OECD)
  2. World Economic Forum
  3. World Bank
  4. World trade Organization (WTO)

Reasons for Asking:

Promoting India as a investment destination by improving India’s Ease of Doing Business ranking in order to boost Make in India has been a priority for the present government.

Ques. With reference to the ‘Trans pacific Partnership’ consider the following statements:

  1. It is an agreement among all the Pacific Rim countries except China and Russia
  2. It is a strategic alliance for the purpose of maritime security only

Reasons for Asking:

TPP is a trending topic in International relations due to its evolving nature and its likely impact on global economy and geo-politics. Economic Survey was super concerned about this and dedicates a chapter to impacts and how India should react.

Ques. What is ‘Greased lightning-10 (Gl-10) recently in the news?

  1. electric plane tested by NASA
  2. solar powered two seater aircraft designed by japan
  3. Space observatory launched by china
  4. reusable rocket designed by ISRO

Reasons for Asking:

It’s a futuristic drone/plane that runs on clean energy with applications ranging from small package delivery to long endurance surveillance for agriculture mapping to even carrying few passengers.

Science and Technology

Ques. On which of the following can you find the Bureau of “Energy Efficiency” Star Label?

  1. Ceiling fans
  2. Electric geysers
  3. Tubular fluorescent lamps

Reasons for Asking:

  • The central government has decided to distribute energy efficient fans and also distribute energy efficient pump sets
  • Energy efficiency has been a lot in the news and in Govt websites

Ques. India is an important member of the ‘International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor’. If this experiment succeeds, what is the immediate advantage for India?

  1. It can use thorium in place of uranium for power generation
  2. It can attain a global role in satellite navigation.
  3. It can drastically improve the efficiency of its fission reactors in power generation
  4. It can build fusion reactors for power generation.

Reasons for Asking:

  • The scientific innovations in the last one year such as god particle, India’s decision to set up telescope etc have been in the news. Nuclear too has been in focus a lot lately.

Ques. With reference to ‘Astrosat’, the astronomical observatory launched by India, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. Other than USA and Russia, India is the only country to have launched a similar observatory into space.
  2. Astrosat is a 2000kg satellite placed in an orbit at 1650km above the surface of the Earth.

Reasons for Asking:

  • The launch of Astrosat was in the news as apart from first such satellite being launched by India, for the first time we have also launched satellite for USA.

Ques. Consider the following statements:
The Mangalyaan launched by ISRO

  1. Is also called the Mars Orbiter Mission
  2. Made India the second country to have a spacecraft orbit the Mars after USA
  3. Made India the only country to be successful in making its spacecraft orbit the Mars in its very first attempt

Reasons for Asking:

MOM was launched 2013 and has been in the news for a while now. The Mission had sent back pics which were in news too.

Ques. In the context of the development in Bioinformatics, the term ‘Transcriptome’, sometimes seen in the news, refer to

  1. A range of enzymes used in genome editing
  2. The full range of mRNA molecules expressed by an organism
  3. The description of the mechanism of gene expression
  4. A mechanism of genetic mutations taking place in cells

Reasons for Asking:

It was in news in Feb-2016. A new way of mapping transcriptome was devised. Also linked to various viral diseases etc.

Ques. ‘Project Loon’ sometimes seen in the news is related to

  1. Waste management technology
  2. Wireless communication technology
  3. Solar power production technology
  4. Water conservation technology

Reasons for Asking:

  • It was debated in the parliament and
  • This project was launched in Brazil in March 2016.
  • Important for communication and future of India.

Ques. ‘Net metering’ is sometimes seen in the news in the context of promoting the

  1. Production and use of solar energy by the households/consumers
  2. Use of piped natural gas in the kitchens of households
  3. Installation of CNG kits in motor cars
  4. Installation of water meters in urban households

Reasons for Asking:

Few states such as Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal and Uttarakhand have implemented the Net Metering Policy in recent times.

Ques. Which one of the following is the best description of ‘INS astradharini’ that was in the news recently?

  1. amphibious warfare ship
  2. nuclear -powered submarine
  3. torpedo launch and recovery vessel
  4. nuclear – powered aircraft carrier

Reasons for Asking:

INS Astradharani was commissioned recently in 2015.

National Affairs

Ques. Recently, linking of which of the following rivers was undertaken?

  1. Cauvery and Tungabhadra
  2. Godavari and Krishna
  3. Mahanadi and soni
  4. Nirmada and tapti

Reasons for Asking:

In sept-2015 formal linking up of the two rivers was taken up by Andhra Pradesh. This has been discussed along with lectures on irrigation and transportation.

Ques. Recently, for the first time in our country, which of the following States has declared a particular butterfly as ‘State Butterfly’?

  1. Arunachal Pradesh
  2. Himachal Pradesh
  3. Karnataka
  4. Maharashtra

Reasons for Asking:

It was in news in June 2015. Also associated with the constant news about Western Ghats’ biodiversity.

Ques.  Recently, our scientists have discovered a new and distinct spices of banana plant which attains a height of about 11 meters and has orange – colored form of pulp. In which part of India has been discovered?

  1. Andaman Islands
  2. Anaimalai Forests
  3. Maikala Hills
  4. Tropical rainforest of North east

Reasons for Asking:

Recently discovered in 2015. The new species is very rare and requires conservation efforts.

Environment and Ecology

Ques. In the cities of our country, which among the following atmospheric gases are normally considered in calculating the value of Air Quality Index?

  1. Carbon dioxide
  2. Carbon monoxide
  3. Sulfur dioxide
  4. Methane

Reasons for Asking:

  • Air Quality Index has been in the news for some time now. The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC), and other ministries have issued various releases on this topic.
  • The Delhi air pollution issue, the Odd-even rule etc also in news

Ques. What is/are the importance/importance of the ‘United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification’?

  1. It aims to promote effective action through innovative national programmes and supportive international partnerships.
  2. It has a special/particular focus on South Asia and North Africa regions, and its Secretariat facilitates the allocation of major portion of financial resources to these regions.
  3. It is committed to bottom-up approach, encouraging the participation of local people in combating the desertification.

Reasons for Asking:

With a third of the country facing the threat of desertification India needs to focus on combatting desertification. One of the major issues effecting Indian agriculture today.

Ques. In which of the following regions of India are you most likely to come across the ‘Great Indian Hornbill’ in its nature habitat?

  1. Sand deserts of northwest India
  2. Higher Himalayas of Jammu and Kashmir
  3. Salt marshes of western Gujarat.
  4. Western Ghats

Reasons for Asking:

It was in the news for two reasons

  • once in Hindu as many conservationists raised concern regarding reduction in the numbers due to deforestation and
  • second time recently in news again as a part of discussion on a Kerala hydel project

Ques. Which of the following are the key features of ‘National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA)’?

  1. River basin is the unit of planning and management.
  2. It spearheads the river conservation efforts at the national level.
  3. One of the Chief Ministers of the States through which the Ganga flows becomes the Chairman of NGRBA on rotation basis.

Reasons for Asking:

It was in the news as in the October 2015, NGT directed central government not to issue the funds for Ganga clean-up without approval and recently it was in the news as the central government set up a de-siltation plan. Ganga clean-up was also politically contentious 

Ques. Which of the following best describes/describe the aim of ‘Green India Mission’ of the Government of India?

  1. Incorporating environmental benefits and costs into the Union and State Budgets there by implementing the ‘green accounting’
  2. Launching the second green revolution to enhance agricultural output so as to ensure food security to one and all in the future
  3. Restoring and enhancing forest cover responding to climate change by a combination of adaptation and mitigation measures

Reasons for Asking:

  • It was in news in May 2015 and october 2015. National Action Plan on Climate Change was also covered in both Economic Survey and IYB.
  • National Mission for a Green India (GIM) falling under the Environment Ministry has approved annual plans for Kerala, Mizoram, Manipur and Jhakhand.

Ques. What is/are the unique about the ‘Kharai Camel’ a breed found in India

  1. It is capable of swimming up three kilometers in seawater
  2. Its survives by grazing on mangroves
  3. It lives in the wild and cannot be domesticated

Reasons for Asking:

A recent survey by Sahjeevan Trust had identified rising threat to the rare Kharai camel species due to industrialization, salinity ingress and reduction in mangrove cover in coastal Kutch.

Ques. Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
Proper design and effective implementation of UN-REDD+ programme can significantly contribute

  1. protection of biodiversity
  2. resilience of forest ecosystem
  3. property reduction

Reasons for Asking:

Redd and Redd+ are from current affairs section directly, and were very frequently in news

Ques. What is ‘greenhouse gas protocol ‘?

Reasons for Asking:

Due to Paris Summit and Rio – things linked to climate change is very prominent for UPSC
This was in news during the 38th meeting of the Open Ended Working Group of Parties to the Montreal Protocol which had met to work out the process of moving away from high Global Warming Potential HFCs reducing global warming. India had raised certain issues during the meeting.

Ques. Gadgil Committee Report’ and ‘Kasturirangan Committee Report’, sometimes seen in the news, are related to

Reasons for Asking:

A Central government order on 5 September, 2015, had asked the six states that share the Western Ghats to ban all ‘destructive’ activities. This was as suggestion of the Gadgil Committee. Also, the report along with Rangarajan Committee Report gained much more importance due to the recent Kerala elections.

Ques. Which of the following is not a member of ‘Gulf Cooperation Council’?

  1. Iran
  2. Saudi Arabia
  3. Oman
  4. Kuwait

Reasons for Asking:

Prime Minister Modi visited Saudi Arabia in April 2016 and Qatar in June. He visiting two of the Gulf Cooperation Council countries put GCC in news. Also, the oil prices keep these countries in the news.

We hope this piece of information regarding the IAS Prelims Current Affairs Analysis will be beneficial to you. The reasons provided will specifically help you in finding sources to acquire the information from. Start preparing for the IAS mains exam with the help of the following links:

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