World Heritage Day, Celebrating International Day of Monuments & Sites: World Heritage Day is one of the most prestigious days celebrated to mark the importance of monuments and sites around the world. Moreover, this day invokes the importance of both cultural and natural heritage sources of the world. By that as it may, all places/sites and monuments with their unique characteristics as well as historical values sum up world’s heritage.
Protecting and preserving world heritage sites becomes a moral obligation of all humankind, because heritage is the legacy of the past & has literally built the grounds for today. Putting efforts to protect as well as preserve demands collective efforts of international communities. Also, world heritage sites are classified into two broad categories, namely, natural & man-made. All world heritage sites have gained importance because they represent a few or some or all factors like art, culture and past civilization.
When was the World Heritage Day conceptualized ?
The birth of World Heritage Day goes way back. On 18th April 1982, the ICOMOS or the International Council for Monuments and Sites, organized one of the very first symposium in Tunisia. On this day, the council put up a proposal to celebrate “International Day for Monuments & Sites”.
The committee felt the need to celebrate this day, and therefore laid out plans to celebrate this day to the National Committee. The plan included all practical solutions to celebrate “International Day for Monuments & Sites”. The plan was approved under the 22nd Conference of UNESCO General Conference in November 1983. However, traditionally “International Day for Monuments & Sites” came to be known as “World Heritage Day”.
How is World Heritage Day Celebrated ?
The World Heritage Day is celebrated every year with scheduled visits to monuments and sites. During these visits, all visitors are informed about the highlights of site or monument as well as importance of preservation. Also, every year different themes are chosen for World Heritage Day and debates, seminars, etc are organized to mark the importance of this day.
People are connected with each other on this prestigious occasion of World Heritage Day through heritage walks. The public eye is grabbed through the banners put up at important places and principal traffic arteries.
Debates, discussions and conferences are organised & take place at cultural-centres, city halls, and other public places. Many experts and personalities give speeches and explain about the importance of world heritage. Interviews and exhibitions are also held on a global scale to highlight importance of world heritage. Lastly, the program for celebration of World Heritage Day also includes publication of books, postcards, stamps, posters etc.
What is the World Heritage Mission of UNESCO ?
The World Heritage Mission of UNESCO seeks to encourage identification, protection and preservation of natural & cultural heritage around the world, which are considered to be of outstanding values. The mission involves:
- Encouraging countries to sign the World Heritage Convention. At the same time, ensure the protection of their natural and cultural heritage.
- Encouraging state parties at the convention to nominate heritage sites or monument within their national territory. The purpose of stating would be to include them under the World Heritage List.
- Encouraging states parties to establish required management plans, and generate reports on the state of conservation of their sites or monuments included in the World Heritage lists.
- Provision of technical assistance & professional training to help state parties safeguard World Heritage properties.
- Provision of emergency assistance for World Heritage sites for safeguarding against immediate dangers.
- Providing support to states parties through public awareness-building activities for the purpose of World Heritage conservation.
- Encouraging participation of local population for the preservation of their cultural and natural heritage sites as well a monuments.
- Providing encouragement to international corporations to help in the conservation of our world’s cultural and natural heritages.
List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites In India
Now that we know about World Heritage Day, let us know about the World Heritage sites of India included under the UNESCO:
- Agra Fort
- Ajanta Caves
- Ellora Caves
- Taj Mahal
- Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram
- Sun Temple, Konârak
- Kaziranga National Park
- Keoladeo National Park
- Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
- Churches and Convents of Goa
- Fatehpur Sikri
- Group of Monuments at Hampi
- Khajuraho Group of Monuments
- Elephanta Caves
- Great Living Chola Temples 12
- Group of Monuments at Pattadakal
- Sundarbans National Park
- Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks
- Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi
- Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi
- Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi
- Mountain Railways of India
- Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya
- Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka
- Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park
- Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus)
- Red Fort Complex
- The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur
- Western Ghats
- Hill Forts of Rajasthan
- Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area
- Rani-ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan, Gujarat
- Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) at Nalanda, Bihar
- Khangchendzonga National Park
- The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement
- Historic City of Ahmedabad
We wish you celebrate your enthusiasm on World Heritage Day visiting as many heritage sites, and participating in heritage activities around your city.
Practice your knowledge of monument and sites on World Heritage Day through out test papers included under the new OnlineTyari Plus packages. Test your knowledge of GK section in exams conducted by RRB, SBI, SSC and other government bodies.