How to Attempt Parajumble Questions in SBI PO Exam 2017

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How to Attempt Parajumble Questions in SBI PO Exam 2017

How to Attempt Parajumble Questions in SBI PO Prelims 2017The State Bank of India will commence the SBI PO Recruitment process in the month of April. It is essential for every candidate to crack both Prelims & Mains Examination, if he/she wants to work as a Bank PO in State Bank of IndiaAccording to the official notification, the total number of vacancies amount to 2403 for the upcoming examination.

This article will outline crucial tips to solve parajumble questions efficiently. Paragraph jumble is one of the most important question types in Bank entrance exams. Para jumbles test your understanding of thought flow. Through this article, we will share important information regarding the methods and tips which are used to solve parajumble questions.

 

How to Attempt Parajumble Questions: Tips & Tricks

Sentence Rearrangement/ Paragraph Jumbles are a set of sentences presented in a jumbled or random order. You need to reassemble or rearrange these sentences to form a meaningful paragraph.

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A typical parajumle question will consists of 5-6 jumbled sentences explaining a particular factual topic or idea from which you will have to construct a coherent paragraph. We have jotted down some tips and tricks that can most definitely help you to solve parajumble questions with ease.

Look for the Opening Sentence

The first thing you need to look at is the opening sentence. You can easily spot the opening sentence as it always introduces the person, place, organisation or concept which the author would be talking about. The opening sentence makes the crux of the paragraph and can easily be distinguished amongst the rest. For example:

(a) She also got the chance of meeting her idol, Sadia Saeed Raval, while delivering her lecture.

(b) Shivantika loves reading and writing about human psychology.

(c) Raval is the founder and chief psychologist at Inner Space Centre in Mumbai

(d) She recently completed her doctoral degree from University of Iowa, USA.

Opening Sentence: Clearly, the introductory line is (b) This is because the rest of the sentences talks about Shivantika’s educational life and her idol. She is introduced as a lover of psychology subject in the second sentence, thus, this indicates that the correct option will be (b).

Adopt Elimination Method

Even the toughest of parajumble sentences have two or three sentences that form a link. Try to spot this link which binds the sentences together and then analyze their sequence. Eliminate the options that do not have any link between them. This is called the elimination method that helps to narrow down the best options for choice selection. For example:

(a) What came out was very large garland made out of currency notes

(b) The unsuspecting governor opened the box in full view of the gathering

(c) When the RBI governor came to inaugurate the new printing press, the local unit of the BJP handed him a gift wrapped box

(d) There was a twist – the notes were all as tattered as notes could get

The correct order for the above mentioned parajumble is CBAD. Both second and third sentences form a link with regard to the gift wrapped box. So, (a) and (d) options get eliminated. Further, we see the link between (d) and (a) as both of them talks about the contents of the box. In this way, you figure out the links and connect the sentences.

Check for Conjugations or Prepositions

Conjugations and prepositions play a very important role in connecting two or more sentences. Look out for all of the subordinating conjugations and prepositions such as after, altogether, as far as, as soon as, as, also,  though, until, whenever, whereas, in order to, since, because, before etc. For example:

(a) 1971 war changed the political geography of the subcontinent

(b) Despite the significance of the event, there has been no serious consideration about the conflict

(c) Surrender at Dacca aims to fill this gap

(d) It also profoundly altered the geo-strategic situation in South-East Asia

The correct order will be ADCB. As you can see that (a) will be the opening sentence because it introduces the idea of war. The word ‘also’ connects (a) and (d) together, thus, option (d) follows on. Similarly, the word ‘despite’ connects with the last sentence of the passage.

Look out for Pronouns

To solve parajumble questions, you need to look out for personal pronouns such as he, she, it, him, her, you, they. Personal pronouns always refer to a person, place or thing. Therefore, if a sentence has a personal pronoun without mentioning the person, place or object it is referring to, mark it in your head. Now, scan the paragraph for the original person, place or object that it refers to.

Demonstrative Pronouns (this, that these, those) also play a big part in identifying the order of sentences. Finding the noun phrase, with which the demonstrative pronoun is used, connects the sentences. This approach of using rules of grammar always helps to solve parajumble questions.

Understand the Chronology

Keep an eye on the chronology and the importance of events. Sometimes the events mentioned in the paragraph can be arranged in a chronological order making it easy for you to identify the sequence. An event of lesser significance comes later but event of greater significance always comes first.

Abbreviations Approach

Spotting abbreviations or short forms in a sentence gives us a clear idea of its sequence. Sentence containing the full form of a particular abbreviation will always come first in the order. While, sentences containing short forms will come later. For example:

(a) Both achievements will not only improve the health of marginalised communities but will also enhance their socio-economic status

(b) Both yaws and MNTE were achieved using the existing health system and health workforce.

(c) The Regional Director described India’s achievement of maternal and neonatal tetanus elimination (MNTE) as a momentous public health feat.

(d) After India’s success in MNTE, Indonesia was validates for the same on 18 May this year.

The correct sequence is CBAD. As you can note that the full form of MNTE is given in 3rd sentence, naturally, it becomes the first sentence of the paragraph. Further, (b) option introduces yaws’ achievement, thus, this becomes the second sentence. The success of yaws and MNTE is followed on in (a) sentence and thus it becomes the third sentence of the paragraph.

Follow the Structure

Use logic and try to frame the sentences in proper structure. A typical paragraph will contain an introduction then the body and a conclusion in the end. Once you spot the opening sentence, you can easily find the concluding line as well. The rest of the sentences will definitely contain links that bind them together. Be alert to specific and minute details and follow the structure or tone of the passage.

Make use of the above mentioned tips to solve parajumble questions and practice everyday.  Read a lot form various sources such as magazines, newspapers etc. Focus on grammar and you will most definitely improve your overall English score.

Below mentioned are some sample questions with explanations which can help you practice for your upcoming exam.

Sample Questions with Explanations

Type – I 

The Type I of the parajumble includes sentences in such a way that a paragraph is broken into 5-7 jumbled series. In this type of questions, the candidate is given a set of five or six sentences which are in jumbled order. The given sentences should be arranged properly to form a meaningful paragraph and answer the questions based on the sequence formed.

Sample Example of Type – I  

  1. It is obvious from the above that the Commission has accorded the highest priority to securing speedy justice to women.
  2. These members continue to pursue their mandated activities, namely review of legislation, intervention in specific individual complaints of atrocities and denial of rights.
  3. The functions assigned to the Commission, as per the Act, are wide and varied covering almost all facts of issues relating to safeguarding women’s rights and promotion.
  4. The National Commission for Women was set up on 31st January, 1992 in pursuance of the National Commission for Women Act 1990.
  5. Towards the end of speedy justice to women, the Commission is organizing Parivarik Mahila Lok Adalats offering counseling in family disputes and conducting training programmes for creating legal awareness among women.
  6. They also suggest remedial action to safeguard the interest of women to the appropriate authorities.
  7. To carry out these functions the Commission has a Chairman, five members and a Member Secretary, all nominated by the Central Government.

Explanation – Here the Central theme is – The Commission, its functions, members and their procedures for securing speedy justice to women. We can tell that Sentence D is the opening sentence here as it clearly mentions the name of the Commission being talked about. Then following it, sentence C will come next because it talks about the functions performed by the Commission, in accordance with the Women Act 1990. After deducing these, searching for next appropriate sentence is quite tricky. This is because C talks about the functions and sentence F again talks about functions should follow C. To avoid this confusion, we must look for ‘special words’. Sentence G has the words ‘these functions’ and a phrase ‘to carry out’. Now, we can say that they are linked to sentence C. Consequently, G will follow C. Since G has introduced us to the members, naturally B will come next as it has the word ‘these’ to refer to members. The sentences left are A, E and F. Sentence F seems most appropriate to follow due to the pronoun ‘they’ referring again to the members. By looking at these three, we can tell that E will follow F and A will be the concluding sentence. This is because sentence E introduces the issue of speedy justice for women. And sentence A talks about how it is obvious ‘from the above’ that speedy justice for women is a priority for the commission.

So the complete order is D-C-G-B-F-E-A.

Type – II 

The Type II of the parajumble includes sentences in such a way that the opening and last sentence of a paragraph is given. Candidate has to deduce the rest of the sentences in a logical flow.

Example of Type – II 

1. Advocates of space programme argue for spending huge amounts of money on exploring Mars.

(P)But there is no firm evidence of any valuable mineral that can be extracted from Mars and transported to Earth.

(Q)Worst, no one has any idea what undesirable microbes or poisonous materials we will be importing from the Red Planet

(R)They are also unrealistic about the cost of transportation that will be involved in interplanetary

6. Our race to Mars is likely to be a wild goose chase.

Options – SPRQ, QPRS, PRSQ and SRQP

Explanation – Like the previous type question, here we don’t have to look for opening and closing. Here the Central theme is – Huge Money spending on Mars without knowing the reality. Sentences P, Q and R are criticising the researchers. But, sentence S is in favour of opening sentence. This makes ‘S’ the second sentence. Smart Strategy– Just go by options – we have A and D left with us. First consider option D i.e. SRQP. The series of ‘RQP’ seems wrong because why would they talk about transportation cost before availability of minerals and materials there. So the complete order is S-P-R-Q.

We hope this article provides you with useful information regarding the tips to attempt parajumble questions. If you have any doubts or queries, please mention them in the comment section below.

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