Teaching as a profession: Teachers are inspirers that shape the students and help them realise their potential. It is one of the oldest and largest professions in the world. Teachers are designated with the task of honing the students’ skills and helping them to become the leaders of tomorrow. In India, teachers are revered in society and are given importance in a child’s growing years. The 2018 Global Teacher Status Index ranks India 6th among 35 countries to value the teaching workforce.
Teaching is one of the most sought after professions in India. Job security, respect, and flexible work hours are some of the factors that appeal to the aspirants to become a government school teacher. With the growing pace of the economy and supportive policies of the central government, the teaching profession has grown tremendously in the last decade. The ever increasing opportunities pull millions of aspirants every year to apply for multiple exams with the dream to become a teacher.
How to become a Government Teacher: Educational Qualifications
Teaching is especially suitable for those who prefer flexible schedules. Many educators find the convenience of being done with school by 3:00 or 4:00 pm to be quite appealing, not to mention the benefit of having summers off.
While it is essential to think about who you want to teach, it is even more important to understand what you want to teach. Only once you have a good idea of your teaching goals can you choose the program to meet your needs. But here the question is, Are you eligible to teach?? Given below are some sets of educational qualifications required to become a teacher. Scroll down to see which category your qualifications belong to:
How to become a Pre-Primary Teacher?
The minimum eligibility criteria to become a pre-primary teacher in India is graduation. Post-graduation courses such as Diploma in Education (D.Ed), Basic Training Certificate (BTC), and Teacher Training Certificate (TTC) can help candidates get a pre-school teaching job. The most preferred route is a one-year diploma in Nursery Teacher Training (NTT) that enhances the teaching capabilities of the candidates. Many schools have made NTT a mandatory requirement for apply for pre-primary school teachers.
How to become a Primary Teacher (PRT)?
To become a primary teacher in a government school, candidates need to clear the Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET). The minimum educational requirements set up by the National Council of Teacher Education (NCTE) for a primary teacher are as follows:
- Minimum of 50% marks in 10+2 and passed or appearing in the final year of a two-year teacher training diploma course in elementary education. or
- Minimum 45% marks in 10+2 and passed or appearing in the final year of two-year teacher training diploma course in elementary education, as per the NCTE rules. or
- Minimum of 50% marks in 10+2 and passed or appearing in the final year of four-year our-year bachelor’s course in Elementary Education- B.E|Ed. or
- Minimum 50% marks in 10+2 and passed or appearing in the final year of two-year teacher diploma course in special education. or
- Graduation in any discipline with at least 50% marks and a Bachelors in Education degree.
Note: Relaxation in marks is provided to the reserved categories (OBC, SC, ST)
CTET and TET:
TET: Teacher Eligibility Test, aka TET, is an Indian entrance examination for teachers conducted at a state level. The test is mandatory for getting teaching jobs in government schools from Class 1 to Class 8. A state-level exam is organised to recruit candidates for teaching jobs.
CTET: Central Teacher Eligibility Test, popularly known as CTET, is organised by the central government twice a year. The exam provides eligibility to the candidates to apply for the central government teaching posts in Novodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS) and Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS).
How to become a TGT Teacher?
To become a trained graduate teacher (TGT), a candidate must hold a graduation degree in any discipline and a Bachelors in education (B.Ed). The B.Ed course thoroughly prepares the teachers for secondary schools. The TGT eligibility criteria vary as per the candidate’s chosen subject.
Also, to be eligible for TGT post, one has to clear Teacher Eligibility Test (TET).
How to become a PGT teacher?
A postgraduate teacher (PGT) teachers the classes from IX to XII. To become a PGT, a candidate must hold a post-graduation degree (M.S or M.Sc) in the relevant subject. Candidates with a masters degree in Hindi, English, Maths, Chemistry, Physics, Biology, History, Geography, Commerce, and other subjects are eligible for the job. The eligibility criteria vary with the candidate’s chosen subject.
The educational requirements for teachers can vary from an undergraduate degree to a postgraduate degree. Candidates must thoroughly check the criteria before applying for the posts.
We hope this article will help understand the nuances of government teaching jobs and the posts one can apply for.
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