Crucial Bills And Amendments for IAS Prelims 2017: The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) will conduct the civil services (CS) preliminary examination on June 18 this year. It is one of the most esteemed and toughest exams in the country. With a success rate of 0.1- 0.3 percent of the total percentage of candidates who apply, it is really difficult to nail the examination.
This article covers some of the most important Bills and Amendments which will help you for your upcoming IAS Prelims Preparation.
Crucial Bills And Amendments for IAS Prelims 2017: Compensatory Afforestation Fund Bill
Today, we will discuss the bill. Below mentioned is the explanation of the the next topic i.e The Compensatory Afforestation Fund Bill.
Compensatory Afforestation Fund Bill
Compensatory afforestation is a way to make up for forest land that was diverted for “non- forest purposes”. The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, restricts “non forest purpose” to cultivation of tea, coffee, spices, rubber, palms, oil-bearing plants, horticultural crops or medicinal plants and any purpose other than reforestation. Thus, whenever a forest land is to be used for such purposes, the Act stipulates that another non-forest land has to be afforested as a compensatory measure.
The Bill establishes the National Compensatory Afforestation Fund under the Public Account of India, and a State Compensatory Afforestation Fund under the Public Account of each state.
- The Bill establishes the fund at a national level under a Public Account of India, and at state levels under the Public Account of the states. The Bill also establishes institutional mechanism at the national and state levels to ensure efficient use of the funds.
- The national fund will receive 10% of the amount under this bill, and 90% of the funds will be given to the state funds. The main focus is to reduce the impact of diversion of forest lands, create productive assets, and also increase employment opportunities, especially in the rural sector.
- The collected funds will be utilised for afforestation, regeneration of forest ecosystem, wild life protection and forest related infrastructure development. Establishes National and State Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authorities to manage the funds.
- The determination of NPV will be delegated to an expert committee constituted by the central government.
- The bill also seeks to establish National and State Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authorities to manage the funds.
- The legislation will allow states to access nearly 42000 crore rupees that is lying idle and channel it into afforestation projects. It has provisions for administration of funds and utilization of funds by the user agencies to undertake plantations, protection of forests and forest-related infrastructure development.
Here, we conclude our article on Crucial Bills And Amendments for IAS Prelims 2017. Stay tuned with us for the rest of the topic that we will discuss day by day.