Crucial Bills And Amendments for IAS Prelims 2017: Representation of People Bill, Aadhaar Act 2016

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Crucial Bills And Amendments for IAS Prelims 2017: Representation of People Bill, Aadhaar Act 2016

Crucial Bills And Amendments for IAS Prelims 2017: The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) will conduct the civil services (CS) preliminary examination on June 18 this year. It is one of the most esteemed and toughest exams in the country. With a success rate of 0.1- 0.3 percent of the total percentage of candidates who apply, it is really difficult to nail the examination.

This article covers some of the most important Bills and Amendments which will help you for your upcoming IAS Prelims Preparation.

 

List of Important Bills And Amendments for IAS Prelims 2017

Below mentioned are the important bills and Amendments for IAS Prelims. These topics will definitely help the candidates preparing for the upcoming examination.

  1. Representation of People (Amendment) Bill, 2010
  2. Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016′
  3. Admiralty (Jurisdiction and Settlement of Maritime Claims) Bill, 2016
  4. The Anti-Hijacking Act, 2016
  5. Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
  6. Lokpal and Lokayukta (Amendment) Act, 2016
  7. Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2016
  8. Whistleblowers Amendment Bill
  9. GST Bill
  10. Bill to Amend SARFAESI and DRT Act
  11. Model Land Leasing Act
  12. Model Shops and Establishments Bill, 2016
  13. Merchant Shipping Bill
  14. Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Amendment Act, 2016
  15. The Enemy Property (Amendment and Validation) Bill, 2016
  16. Arbitration and Conciliation Bill, 2015
  17. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act
  18. ‘Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2016’
  19. ‘Child Labor (Prohibition and Amendment) Bill, 2016’
  20. Maternity Benefit Bill, 2016
  21. Pre-Conception & Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PNDT) Act
  22. Mental Health Care Bill, 2013
  23. Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses (POCSO)
  24. HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Bill-2014 – Amendments
  25. Domestic Violence Act, 2005 – SC Widens Ambit
  26. Anti Trafficking Bill with Stringent Penalty
  27. Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill, 2014 with more Benefits
  28. Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill 2016
  29. The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act
  30. Draft National Water Framework Bill
  31. Compensatory Afforestation Fund Bill

Today we will discuss the first two bills. Below mentioned is the explanation of the above first two topics i.e Representation of People Bill 2010 and Aadhaar Act 2016.

Representation of People (Amendment) Bill, 2010

The Representation of People (Amendment) Bill, 2010 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha on August 21, 2010 by the Minister of Law and Justice Shri M. Veerappa Moily. The Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha on August 31, 2010 and the Rajya Sabha on August 30, 2010.

Objectives

Bill amends the Representation of the People Act, 1950 to confer voting rights to citizens of India who are absenting from their place or ordinary residence in India owing to their employment, education or otherwise outside India (whether temporarily or not).

They shall be entitled to have their names registered in the electoral roll in the Assembly/ Parliamentary constituency in which their place of residence in India as mentioned in their passport is located.

Salient Features

  • The Representation of the People Act, 1950 makes detailed provisions for elections and lays down the conditions required to register as a voter in a constituency. The conditions of registration include that a citizen should be “ordinarily resident” of a constituency.
  • The Bill allows for all citizens to be enrolled in the electoral rolls in the constituency in which his place of residence in India as mentioned in his passport.
  • The Electoral officer has to undertake the required verification for enrolment.
  • The procedure for registration and the time period within which the registration shall take place is to be specified by the Government in consultation with the Election Commission.
  • The Bill permits registration in electoral rolls of persons who are (a) citizens of India, (b) not enrolled in electoral rolls, (c) have not taken up the citizenship of any other country, and (d) are absent from the ordinary place of residence.

Here we compile the explanation of the first topic, Let us move to the next topic i.e Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016.

 

Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016 

The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) was set up by the Government of India on 28 January 2009 as an attached office of the erstwhile Planning Commission of India vide its a gazette notification. The UIDAI is mandated to assign a 12-digit unique identification (UID) number (termed as Aadhar) to all the residents of India. As per the notification, the UIDAI has been given the responsibility to lay down plan and policies to implement UID scheme, to own and operate the UID database and be responsible for its updation and maintenance on an ongoing basis.

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However in the initial stages of enrolment people faced lot of difficulties such as technical snags, incorrect data displayed etc. and also the importance of Aadhaar card was unclear. But many of the issues were resolved and people can now get the card with much ease as its acceptance as a mandatory document for various initiatives has been officially made. In addition to this it will help in reducing the corruption since every individual carries only one unique number.

  • It is a 12 digit individual identification number issued by UIDAI (Unique identification
  • authority of India) on behalf of Government of India
  • It will serve as identity and address proof anywhere in India.
  • It is available in 2 forms, physical and electronic form i.e. (e-Aadhaar).
  • Any resident (a person who has resided in India for 182 days, in the one year preceding the date of application for enrollment for Aadhaar) of India irrespective of age, sex, class can avail it.
  • The UID authority will authenticate the Aadhaar number of an individual, if an entity makes such a request. A requesting entity (an agency or person that wants to authenticate information of a person) has to obtain the consent of an individual before collecting his information.

Benefits of Aadhar Card

  • All public sector and private sector banks now take Aadhaar Card as a unique identifier for any individual. It can be used as an alternative to Voter ID card or Passport.
  • You can also use your Aadhaar card as identification for getting a new Passport / renewal of passport, etc.
  • All the pensioners from select states will now have to register their Aadhaar card number to their respective department in order to receive monthly pension. This move was initiated as there have been fraudulent incidents as beneficiaries requesting pension were found to be fake.
  • The 12 digit individual identification number on Aadhar card is used to get LPG subsidy amount directly in the bank account.
  • Government of India has launched digital locker (DigiLocker) system for everyone for storing all personal document on the government’s server.
  • It is now accepted as a proof of address by Securities and Exchange board of India for investing in stock market
  • Aadhaar letter provided by UIDAI is now acceptable by banks as a valid proof to open bank account.
  • Government of India is mulling over a proposal to make Aadhar card necessary for purchasing new SIM cards.
  • Andhra Pradesh government recently announced that Aadhar card will be necessary to buy any new vehicle in the state. It is also important for getting a driving license.
  • Aadhaar card will be identity proof of every individual in future. Since the details of Aadhar card holder are kept at secure online servers, the bio-metrically verified identity of an individual can be used to confirm the identity of its holder.
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Salient Features of the Bill

Below mentioned are the salient features of Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016.

Enrolment
  1. Every resident shall be authorized to obtain an Aadhaar number by submitting his biometric and demographic information during enrolment.
  2. The resident shall be informed by the enrolling agency at the time of enrolment of the manner in which the information so collected shall be used and the nature of recipients with whom the information is intended to be shared during authentication.
  3. An Aadhaar number, in physical or electronic form, subject to authentication and other conditions may be accepted as identity proof.

Authentication

The UID authority will authenticate the Aadhar number of an individual, if an entity makes such a request. A requesting entity (an agency or person that wants to authenticate information of a person) has to obtain the consent of an individual before collecting his information. The agency can use the disclosed information only for purposes for which the individual has given consent.

Protection of Information

Biometric information such as an individual’s fingerprint, eye colour scan and other biological attributes (specified by regulations) will be used only for Aadhaar enrolment and authentication, and for no other purpose. Such information will not be shared with anyone, nor will it be displayed publicly, except for purposes specified by regulations.

Information to be submitted

To obtain an Aadhaar number, an individual has to submit his, (i) biometric (photograph, finger print, iris scan) and (ii) demographic (name, date of birth, address) information. The Unique Identification Authority (UID) may specify other biometric and demographic information to be collected by regulations.

Establishment & Composition of Authority
  1. The Act provides for the establishment of the Unique Identification Authority of India for enrolment and authentication and other function under the Act.
  2. The Authority shall consist of a Chairperson (part-time or full time) and two part time Members and a Chief Executive Officer who shall be appointed by the Central Government  not below the rank of an Additional Secretary to the Government of India.
  3. The Authority shall develop the policy, procedure and systems for issuing Aadhaar numbers to individuals and perform authentication thereof.
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Offences and penalties

Contravention of any provisions of the Act would attract penalties as specifically provided for under the Act. Penalties has been prescribed

  • for impersonation of Aadhaar number holder,
  • disclosing identity information
  • unauthorized access/tampering to CIDR
  • for non-compliance of the intimation requirements
  • unauthorized used of identity information by requesting entity
  • residuary penalties.

Over here we conclude our article on Crucial Bills And Amendments for IAS Prelims 2017. Stay tuned with us for the rest of the topic that we will discuss day by day. 

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