How to Solve Spotting Errors Questions in CDS 2016: The Combined Defense Services(CDS) Exam is conducted twice a year by the Union Public Service Commission(UPSC). This year the exam will be organized on the 23rd of October. The main objective to conduct this exam is to select deserving candidates to recruit them for the Indian Defense Forces. There are two exams namely,
- Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy and Air force, and,
- Officer’s Training Academy
Both the exams comprise of the subject English. It serves as an integral part of the examination amongst the other subjects. One of the most important topics of English language section is spotting the errors. In this article, we will be focusing on how to solve spotting errors questions in CDS examination.
How to Solve Spotting Errors Questions in CDS 2016
The English paper consists of 120 questions and the time allotted to attempt the same is 120 minutes. It is one of the easiest subjects and can boost the overall score of the candidate in the CDS examination. This paper is an amalgam of Grammatical and Non-Grammatical Questions which are described as follows,
- Grammatical Section: Sentence Improvement, Spotting Errors, Fill in the Blanks, etc.
- Non-grammatical Section: Reading Comprehension, Para-Jumbles, Synonyms, Antonyms, Cloze Test, One-Word Substitution, etc.
To make things easier for you and for your knowledge, we have examined some previous- year question papers and our analysis is highlighted in the table below,
|Analysis of Previous-Year Question Papers (CDS)|
|Topics||Number of Questions|
|2014 CDS-I||2014 CDS – II||2015 CDS – I||2015 CDS – II||2016 CDS-I|
|Ordering of Words||11||11||7||–||15|
|Ordering of Sentences||10||8||10||–||10|
|Fill in the blanks||4||–||–||10||10|
A candidate should score a minimum of 24 marks to qualify for this exam. You should set a target of minimum 60 correct questions in this paper for yourself. A good number of 15 to 20 questions are asked from the topic of Spotting Errors. Therefore, owing to all these factors we can judge the significance of this topic from examination point of view.
With this, comes a great need of reconsidering the preparation scheme that one needs to follow while studying for this topic. We are here to guide you through the same by formulating a plan on how to solve spotting errors questions.
Tips to Solve Spotting Errors Questions in CDS Exam
To excel in this field, one needs to have knowledge about the basic rules of grammar. Candidates who are proficient in this subject also tend to make silly grammatical errors. It is important to recognize the strategy involved in solving spotting errors questions. Here are some tips on how to solve spotting errors questions which will most definitely be helpful during the CDS exam.
Read the Sentence Carefully
Firstly, read the complete sentence carefully. Fill in the given options and mentally analyze and check the subject-verb agreement. If the subject is singular, then the verb should also be singular and vice-versa. By doing this, try to eliminate the given options. If after doing everything, you are still unable to find the error, try reading out parts of sentences individually, and then you will surely be able to find the error.
Make Use of Articles and Nouns
Check for words which have silent letters and remember that the vowel following it will have ‘an’ as an article before it and not an ‘a’. For example: It take me an hour to reach the temple.
Certain nouns like foot, meter, pair, score, dozen, hundred, year, etc. that are used in reference to measurement remain unchanged in form when preceded by a numeral. For example: The saree is nine yards long.
Collective nouns can be used both as singular ad plural depending on the meaning. For example:
- The team is headed to the nationals after winning state finals.
- The trial team were happy with their presentations to the judge.
Check for Conjugations
Conjugations play a very important role in connecting two or more sentences or phrases. Always check conjunctions as there can be only one in a sentence at a time. Some of the popular conjugations are as, after, altogether, as far as, as soon as, as, also, though, until, whenever, whereas, in order to, since, because, before etc.
Difference between Much and Many & While and When
One should always be able to distinguish between “much” and “many”. This can be done by following the rule which says that, “many” is used before countable nouns and “much” before uncountable nouns.
Pay special attention to words like “when” and “while”. “When” indicates general sense whereas “while” indicates time during which some work is done. For example: While learning, one of the most important things is to concentrate.
Look out for Adjectives and Pronouns
A pronoun must always be in accordance to its preceding person, number or gender. For example: Every boy must bring his books.
The pronoun “one” should use one’s. For example: One must complete one’s task diligently.
Comparative adjectives like prior, superior, inferior, etc. always have “to” after them. For example: I prefer dancing to singing.
Try to work on your vocabulary by reading good newspapers, books and magazines. Reading is the best habit that you can adopt for excelling in competitive exams. Not only does it help in improving your English but also expands your knowledge.
Check for Spelling Mistakes
Check for spelling mistakes while attempting the questions. Sometimes, an error may have something to do with the spelling. So, it is advised that you should pay special attention to them while answering the questions.
Apart from all these tips on how to solve spotting errors questions, you should always strive to learn more by practicing a lot. Practice from various mock tests and question banks which are available online.
We hope this article on how to solve spotting errors questions in CDS exam prove beneficial to you. All the Best for the upcoming UPSC CDS (II) examination 2016.
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