IAS Important Topics on International Current Affairs: ISIS Attacks at Dhaka and Baghdad

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IAS Important Topics on International Current Affairs: ISIS Attacks at Dhaka and Baghdad

IAS Important Topics on International Current Affairs: The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) will conduct the civil services (CS) preliminary examination on June 18 this year. It is one of the most esteemed and toughest exams in the country. With a success rate of 0.1- 0.3 percent of the total percentage of candidates who apply, it is really difficult to nail the examination.

All the UPSC IAS aspirants are now preparing for IAS Prelims 2017. The problem is that no matter how good & knowledgeable we think we are or how good we feel we have prepared for the exam there is always a certain level of uncertainty. To overcome this fear, we will be sharing IAS Prelims 2017 Important Topics on Current Affairs.

 

IAS Important Topics on International Current Affairs

Here are the list of important topics based on current affairs.

  1. Recent ISIS Attacks at Dhaka and Baghda
  2. Torkham Issue
  3. South China Sea Arbitration
  4. ISIS attack in Kabul
  5. Turkey Coup
  6. South Sudan Conflict
  7. AIIB: Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
  8. International Solar Alliance
  9. Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM 11)
  10. Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
  11. Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)
  12. Buddhists Attack On Muslims in Myanmar

Today we will discuss the first topic i.e Recent ISIS Attacks at Dhaka and Baghdad. Below mentioned is the explanation of the said topic.

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IAS Topic 1: Recent ISIS Attacks at Dhaka and Baghdad

The Islamic State is also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). It aims to establish a caliphate, or Islamic state in Sunni majority regions of Iraq and Syria. In June 2014, they seized control of Mosul, Fallujah and Tikrit in northern-Iraq in large scale military offensives.

Origin of ISIS

ISIS traces its origins to Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, who formed insurgent group al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI) in 2004 following the US invasion. But the brutal tactics and videotaped beheadings used by al-Zarqawi were increasingly seen as too extreme, even for al-Qaeda.

After al-Zarqawi’s death in 2006, the group rebranded itself as the Islamic State in Iraq (ISI)

The group traces its lineage to the aftermath of the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003, when the Jordanian militant Abu Musab al-Zarqawi aligned his militant group, Jama’at al-Tawhid w’al-Jihad, with al-Qaeda, making it al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI).

Changes in Isis strategy

  • As ISIS’ core territory shrinks in Iraq and Syria, it is increasingly reverting back to guerrilla tactics, telling supporters to launch lower-cost insurgent attacks like those in Istanbul or Bangladesh.
  • ISIS is expanding its global scope, inspiring groups and individuals spread across several continents, even though they may have different agendas and operational methods.
  • The reason for change in strategy is that its territory and finances continue to be pressed by competing U.S. and Russian-led military campaigns.
  • Also, the frequency of attacks outside Syria and Iraq has increased in tandem with battlefield and territorial setbacks that have deprived the militants of key sources of income such as oil.
  • Western and Arab officials say they expect more attacks with varying degrees of sophistication and links. That would include attacks such as the one in Orlando, where a shooter who apparently wasn’t directed by or in contact with Islamic State nonetheless claimed allegiance to the group.

Attack on Bagdad

In the early hours of Sunday morning, as hundreds of Iraqis gathered during the holy month of Ramadan, a car bomb exploded in the crowded Karrada shopping district. The blast killed a staggering number of people — the latest death toll is at least 121 — including many children. The area is predominantly Shia, making it a choice target for the Sunni extremist group.

Attack on Dhaka/Bangladesh

ISIS promised an uptick in terror attacks during Ramadan. The Baghdad assault came just days after massacres at a cafe in Dhaka, Bangladesh, the Ataturk International Airport in Istanbul, Turkey, and security targets in Yemen. There have also been recent suicide attacks in Jordan at a border crossing near Syria, and suicide attacks in a Christian area of northern Lebanon.

Sleeper Cell

A group of secret agents that have remained inactive for a long period. Sleeper cells are underground groups of terrorist cell whose members work under cover in an area until sent into action. Members of sleeper cells are trained and ready to act at their leaders’ command, but their coordination with central command units often varies.

Lone Wolf

A lone wolf, lone-wolf terrorist or lone actor is someone who prepares and commits violent acts alone, outside of any command structure and without material assistance from any group. However, he or she may be influenced or motivated by the ideology and beliefs of an external group, and may act in support of such a group.

Over here we conclude our article on IAS Important Topics on International Current Affairs. Stay tuned with us for the rest of the topic that we will discuss day by day. 

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