Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 1: IAS Mains GS Paper 1 consists of areas: History, Geography, Indian Culture & Heritage and Society. This paper gives you an advantage over other aspirants if you score well.
The problem is that no matter how good & knowledgeable we think we are or how good we feel we have prepared for the exam there is always a certain level of uncertainty. To overcome this fear, we will be sharing Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 1.
Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 1 | Topic 9
A secular state must be committed to principles and goals which are at least partly derived from non- religious sources.(i.e. means). These ends should include peace, religious freedom, and freedom from religiously grounded oppressions, discriminations and exclusions as also inter-religious and intra-religious equality.
What is Secularism?
Principle of the separation of government institutions and the persons mandated to represent the state from the religious institutions and religious dignitaries. Some characteristics ——-
- It is devoid of both inter-religious domination and intra-religious domination.
- It promotes freedom within religions and equality between as well as within religions.
- State will not intervene in the affairs of religion. And religion will not intervene in the affairs of the state. Each have separate sphere of its own.
- No public policy will be drafted on the basis of religion. And the state cannot aid any religious institution.
- It cannot give any financial support to educational institutions run by religious communities. State don’t intervene in the affairs of religion till the time religion is working within the limits of the law.
Difference between Indian and western secularism–
- In the west principle of mutual exclusion is followed, that is both state and religion are mutually exclusive in their sphere of operation,
- whereas in Indian context, equal protection is given to all religions by the state and it doesn’t favor one religion over other and no religion is specified as state religion.
- Indian secularism is fundamentally different from western secularism. It does not focus
only on Church- State separation and the idea of inter-religious equality is crucial to the
- Indian secularism took on a distinct from as a result of an interaction between what
already existed in a society that had religious diversity and the ideas that came from the
west. It resulted in equal focus on intra-religious and inter-religious domination.
- Indian Secularism equally opposed oppression of dalits and women within Hinduism.
- It also opposes the discrimination against women within Indian Islam or Christianity and the possible threats that a majority community might pose.
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Expected Question: What do you understand by Western and Indian model of Secularism. Discuss the difference between the two.
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