IAS Mains GS Paper 2 Question Challenge: The Union Public Service Commission will conduct Civil Services Mains Examination after Preliminary Examination. IAS Mains GS Paper II is made up of 20 compulsory questions of 12.5 marks each. The exam aims to access a student on the basis of his understanding of Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.
A few days prior, on candidates’ demand, we raised an expected IAS Mains GS Paper 2 Question based on previous year IAS Mains exam and invited IAS aspirants to record their solutions. In today’s article, we will be sharing as well as solving the said IAS Mains GS Paper 2 question ourselves.
IAS Mains GS Paper 2 Question Challenge: Detailed Solution
IAS Mains GS Paper 2 is designed to test the candidate’s basic understanding of all relevant issues, and ability to analyze, and take a view on conflicting socio-economic goals, objectives and demands.
Hence, thoughtful answers which reflect the clarity in your understanding of the matter in terms of expression of opinion are likely to score well. Without further ado, let us revisit our IAS Mains GS Paper 2 question challenge.
IAS GS Paper 2 Question: Legislative Councils in states are expensive and otherwise superfluous legislative appendages. Examine the utility of legislative councils in this context. Also, comment on the procedural aspect of setting up and abolishing them. (200 Words)
Solution by OnlineTyari:
Article 169 lays down the procedure of creation and abolition of a State Legislative council. Legislative councils serve the purpose of upper house in states like Rajya Sabha at the centre however have much less power. Currently, seven states have legislative councils.
The desirability of a bicameral legislature at the State level has been debated since the days of theConstituent Assembly.
Arguments against Legislative Councils:
- Superfluous legislative appendages: If a majority of the members in the upper house belong to the same party which holds majority in the lower house, the upper house will become a mere ditto chamber.
- Not an Effective Check: Powers of the Legislative Councils are limited to the extent that they can hardly impose any effective check on the Assemblies. It can only delay a bill by four months.
- Backdoor Entrance of the Defeated Members: It is apprehended by the critics that a Legislative Council may be utilized to accommodate discredited party-men who may not be returned to the Assemblies.
- Costly Institution: Bicameralism in the States is an expensive experiment and a big drain on the State’s exchequer.
- A Heterogeneous Chamber: A blend of direct election, indirect election and nomination makes the Council a hotch potch of representation. A chamber so heterogeneously constituted, neither serves the purpose of a revisory chamber nor acts as an effective brake against hasty legislation.
However, it is also argued that legislative councils can check against hasty legislation, despotic tendencies of lower chamber and can accommodate talented persons who don’t want to contest assembly elections.
- The creation and abolition of legislative councils is currently at the whims of state government and union parliament as state Legislative Assembly can pass a resolution for the creation and abolition of councils and the Union Parliament passes a laws for it.
- In this context, a parliamentary committee, examining the Rajasthan and Assam bills relating to creation of the Legislative Council, suggested that there should be a national policy on having a permanent second chamber so that a subsequent government cannot abolish it at its whim.
- This is a better way to address the issue instead of relying on ad-hocism. While framing such a policy,it will also have to be decided whether the time and resources involved in having a second chambers worth spending.
This was the solution posted by OnlineTyari.
Got the Point?? For more ease, we are sharing some crucial pointers on how to write a good IAS Mains GS Paper 2 Answer.
IAS Mains GS Paper 2: Important Links
- Follow websites of organisations working in this sector such as Association for Democratic Reforms and PRS Legislative Research.
- Section on Governance can be covered through Administrative Reforms Commission report on similar topic.
- Focus on understanding purpose of government schemes, their intended benefit, targeting group and why are they structured the way they are.
- Go through PIB release on such topics, particularly when the parliament is in session. This helps in identifying government’s intention behind a particular programme/ scheme/ law and it can be followed up with analysis in the newspapers.
- The website of Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA) is important in understanding the context of India’s relations with other countries.
- The Economist Magazine is a boon for well researched articles on IR.
- Historical perspective of India’s relations with South Asia helps understanding the current scenarios better..
- Selective reading of IGNOU’s BA/MA booklets of Public Administration and political science can be helpful from exam perspective.
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