IAS Mains GS Paper 2 Sample Question: The Union Public Service Commission will conduct Civil Services Mains Examination after Preliminary Examination. IAS Mains GS Paper II is made up of 20 compulsory questions of 12.5 marks each. The exam aims to access a student on the basis of his understanding of Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.
A few days prior, on candidates’ demand, we raised an expected IAS Mains GS Paper 2 Question based on previous year IAS Mains exam and invited IAS aspirants to record their solutions. In today’s article, we will be sharing as well as solving the said IAS Mains GS Paper 2 Sample question ourselves.
IAS Mains GS Paper 2 Sample Question: Detailed Solution
IAS Mains GS Paper 2 is designed to test the candidate’s basic understanding of all relevant issues, and ability to analyze, and take a view on conflicting socio-economic goals, objectives and demands.
Hence, thoughtful answers which reflect the clarity in your understanding of the matter in terms of expression of opinion are likely to score well. Without further ado, let us revisit our IAS Mains GS Paper 2 Sample question.
IAS Mains GS Paper 2 Sample Question: While the 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments provided for representation to women in local governance, much work remains to be done to ensure their true participation, given their present socio-economic conditions. Comment.
Solution by OnlineTyari:
The 73rd and 74th Amendments passed in 1993, which introduced panchayats and municipalities in the Constitution, reserve one-third of seats for women in these bodies. In some states the reservation in PRIs for women even extended to fifty percent. However, there are many stumbling blocks to the political empowerment of women. For example:
- Despite several states extending 50% reservation to women, gender-based discrimination is evident from reports that the elected women representatives acted as mere figureheads, while the real power lied with men, more so in the case of illiterate women. In many parts of India, especially in northern states the husband performs the duties of the women pradhans and gram sabha members in lieu of the women themselves.
- Non-cooperation of the male members that they primarily face on the basis of gender discrimination. In many cases when women heads were seen as too assertive or challenging the male-dominated authority, they were humiliated or even killed.
- Often, the men of the village do not accord them the respect and regard that is their due.
- Due to lack of knowledge and information and in some cases illiteracy, very often they have to depend upon the second hand knowledge. Officials take advantage of their inexperience and poor education.
- Women are scarcely elected from non-reserved seats.
- Effective devolution is so uneven and inadequate that oftentimes, even the ablest women are crippled for want of the rightful allocation of functions, finances and functionaries without which effective Panchayati Raj is rendered impossible.
Thus, it is important that rather than just superimposing the rights at the ground level, certain fundamental changes are brought in the socio-economic structures of the village as per the principles of equality and liberty enshrined as fundamental rights in our constitution.
This was the solution posted by OnlineTyari.
Got the Point?? For more ease, we are sharing some crucial pointers on how to write a good IAS Mains GS Paper 2 Answer.
IAS Mains GS Paper 2: Important Links
- Follow websites of organisations working in this sector such as Association for Democratic Reforms and PRS Legislative Research.
- Section on Governance can be covered through Administrative Reforms Commission report on similar topic.
- Focus on understanding purpose of government schemes, their intended benefit, targeting group and why are they structured the way they are.
- Go through PIB release on such topics, particularly when the parliament is in session. This helps in identifying government’s intention behind a particular programme/ scheme/ law and it can be followed up with analysis in the newspapers.
- The website of Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA) is important in understanding the context of India’s relations with other countries.
- The Economist Magazine is a boon for well researched articles on IR.
- Historical perspective of India’s relations with South Asia helps understanding the current scenarios better..
- Selective reading of IGNOU’s BA/MA booklets of Public Administration and political science can be helpful from exam perspective.
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