Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 2 |Role of ILO in Eradicating Child Labour: The Union Public Service Commission will conduct Civil Services Mains Examination in the month of October. The exam aims to access a student on the basis of his understanding of Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations. The problem is that no matter how good & knowledgeable we think we are or how good we feel we have prepared for the exam there is always a certain level of uncertainty. To overcome this fear, we will be sharing Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 2.
The problem is that no matter how good & knowledgeable we think we are or how good we feel we have prepared for the exam there is always a certain level of uncertainty. To overcome this fear, we will be sharing Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 2.
Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 2 | Role of ILO in Eradicating Child Labour
Today we will discuss THE NEXT Topic. Below mentioned is the explanation of the said topic.
Child labour is when the persons below 15 years of age are doing work that is depriving them of their childhood, their potential and their dignity – when the work is harming their physical and mental development.When a child is forced to leave school or combine schooling and work or when they are getting sick from the kind of work that they do – this is considered child labour.
The most extreme and abhorrent forms of child labor involve child slavery, hard labor, prostitution, and mutilation. Most of these children can be found working in the agricultural and textile sectors, factories, mining companies, sweatshops and home-based operations. Companies employ them for their low wages which drive down their operational costs.
The UNICEF defines Child Labour as follows:
“A child is considered to be involved in child labour activities under the following classification:
(a) children 5 to 11 years of age that does at least one hour of economic activity or at least 28 hours of domestic work, and
(b) children 12 to 14 years of age that during the week preceding the survey did at least 14 hours of economic activity or at least 42 hours of economic activity and domestic work combined.”
Role of ILO in Eradicating Child Labour
The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labour problems, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all. The ILO has 187 member states: 186 of the 193 UN member states plus the Cook Islands are members of the ILO.
In 1969, the organization received the Nobel Peace Prize for improving peace among classes, pursuing decent work and justice for workers, and providing technical assistance to other developing nations.
- The ILO’s International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) was created in 1992 with the overall goal of the progressive elimination of child labour, which was to be achieved through strengthening the capacity of countries to deal with the problem and promoting a worldwide movement to combat child labour. IPEC currently has operations in 88 countries, with an annual expenditure on technical cooperation projects that reached over US$74 million, €50 million in 2006. It is the largest programme of its kind globally and the biggest single operational programme of the ILO.
- The number and range of IPEC’s partners have expanded over the years and now include employers’ and workers’ organizations, other international and government agencies, private businesses, community-based organizations, NGOs, the media, parliamentarians, the judiciary, universities, religious groups and, of course, children and their families.
- IPEC’s work to eliminate child labour is an important facet of the ILO’s Decent Work Agenda. Child labour not only prevents children from acquiring the skills and education they need for a better future, it also perpetuates poverty and affects national economies through losses in competitiveness, productivity and potential income.