Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 2: The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) will conduct Civil Services Mains Examination in the upcoming days. IAS Mains exam consists a total of 9 papers, out of which, GS Paper 2 aims to access a student on the basis of his understanding of Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.
The problem is that no matter how good & knowledgeable we think we are or how good we feel we have prepared for the exam there is always a certain level of uncertainty. To overcome this fear, we are sharing Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 2
Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 2 | Topic no.8
Following the chain, we are now going to discuss Topic no. VIII. Let us now go through some important pointers which will help us to understand the said topic in a better way.
Rohingya peoples are ethnic Muslims in a predominantly Buddhist state of Myanmar and they live in Rakhine state. These nearly 1 million peoples are considered by Myanmar government as illegal migrants by virtue of a citizenship law passed by the then Military junta ruler in 1982. The citizenship law excluded the Rohingya from the list of recognized national ethnic groups and also restricted from freedom of movement, state education, and civil service jobs. The law also provides the basis for systematic discrimination against them. The Rohingyas have faced military crackdowns in 1978, 1991–1992, 2012, 2015 and 2016–2017. The present debate over Rohingya people arose following two petitions filed by Rohingya refugees Mohammad Salimullah and Mohammad Shaqir in the Supreme Court. Both have claimed to have taken refuge in India after escaping from Myanmar due to widespread discrimination, violence, and bloodshed against the community there and opposed the deportation plans. They argued that proposed deportation is contrary to the Constitutional protections of Article 14 (Right to Equality), Article 21 (Right to Life and Personal Liberty) and Article 51(c) of the Constitution of India, which provides equal rights and liberty to every person. They also added that Deportation Act would also be in contradiction with the principle of ‘Non-Refoulement’.
What is the stand of India?
During the visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Myanmar, India persuaded the Myanmar government to let India provide large-scale aid programme in Rakhine province. There are many who feel India has said and done far too little on behalf of the Rohingyas but the matter of the fact is that given India’s strategic, geopolitical and security interests, this is what India could do.
Going by the recent developments, it can be seen that India has rhetorically spoken of expelling of Rohingyan refugees and passed the matter to the Supreme Court. The reasons for such a stand is given below:
- To build an economic and security relationship that prevents Myanmar from inexorably slipping into the orbit of China.
- Part of this strategy requires Naypyidaw’s cooperation in building road, port and other transport links between the two countries
The Rohingya policy is still a developing one, but India has so far shown maturity and prudence.
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Expected Question: What is India’s stand on Rohingyas Issue?
Over here we conclude our article on Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 2. Stay tuned with us for the rest of the topic that we will discuss day by day. To excel in Civil Services Examination, download the Best IAS Exam Preparation App for free.