How to Prepare for UPSC IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 3


How to Prepare for UPSC IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 3: IAS Mains GS Paper 3 consists of themes of Technology, Economic development, Agriculture, Biodiversity, Environment, Security & Disaster Management. Being tricky by nature, this paper gives you an advantage over other aspirants if you score well.

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The course structure of the exam is so that it requires rigorous preparations from the side of the aspirant. It requires you to have proper study material to cover various topics. The paper requires both analytical and factual knowledge of the candidate and thus becomes a tough nut to crack.  Here is an exhaustive list of resources that help you prepare for UPSC IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 3 in a wholesome fashion:


IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 3: Topic I

Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment

Sub-TopicEmployment, Growth and development, Mobilization of resources, planning and Inclusive Growth

Study Material & Preparation Tips

  • NCERT Books like Class X – Understanding Economic Development,
    Class XI – Indian Economic Development, Class XII – Macroeconomics (chapters 2,5 and 6).
  • Newspapers like Business Standard and Economic Times.
  • Indian Economy for Civil Services Examinations – Ramesh Singh.
  • Current Union Budget and comparison to the Union Budget of past year.
  • Economic Survey published by the govt.
  • NIOS: L-38 & 39.

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 3: Topic II

Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

Sub-TopicChallenges of achieving inclusive growth, Government schemes related to it, Inter-relationship between Financial Inclusion-Inclusive Growth-Skilling India-Social Change

Study Material & Preparation Tips

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 3: Topic III

Government Budgeting.

Sub-TopicBasic idea about the budgeting process, types of budgeting, Types and issues in accounting, Capital expenditure vs revenue expenditure

Study Material & Preparation Tips


General Studies GS Paper 3: Topic IV

Major crops’ cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

Sub-TopicMajor crops, cropping patterns, issue in cropping patterns, Change in Productivity, irrigation systems, transport and marketing of agricultural produce, e-technology in the aid of farmers.

Study Material & Preparation Tips

  • NCERT – Resources and Development.
  • Economic Survey of India.
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare Website.
  • National Portal of India Website.

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 3: Topic V

Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

Sub-TopicSubsidies, Minimum support prices, Public Distribution System, buffer stocks, food security, Technology missions, Economics of animal-rearing

Study Material & Preparation Tips

  • NCERT  Class IX Economics.
  • The Hindu, Business Standard and Business Line.
  • Public Distribution System – IGNOU Notes – 1.
  • Public Distribution System and Food Security – IGNOU Notes – 2.
  • Role of livestock in Indian Economy (Planning Commission Report).

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 3: Topic VI

Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

Sub-TopicFood processing and related industries, Government Scheme related to it

Study Material & Preparation Tips

  • PIB Website.
  • 12th Five Year Plan.
  • Newspapers.

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 3: Topic VII

Land reforms in India.

Sub-TopicBritish land tenure system, Various Movements related to land reforms, government policies and Acts.

Study Material & Preparation Tips

  • IGNOU notes.

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 3: Topic VIII

Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

Sub-TopicNew Industrial Policy, Impact of 1991 reforms, Major Reforms in liberalization, Manufacturing Industry

Study Material & Preparation Tips

  • Indian Economy for Civil Services Examinations – Ramesh Singh.
  • NCERT 11th :Ch. 1 + 3
  • NIOS- L 1+ 3 + 23 + 24 + 25 + 26 + 27 +28

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 3: Topic IX

Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.

Sub-Topic Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.

Study Material & Preparation Tips

  • GK Today.
  • NCERT-11th Ch 8
  • NIOS L-29 + 30 + 32
  • Economic Survey – Chapter 11 – Energy, Infrastructure and Communications
    India Year Book.

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 3: Topic X

Investment models.

Sub-TopicInvestment, Indian model of investment, foreign Investment.

Study Material & Preparation Tips

  • Planning Commission’s Website.

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 3: Topic XI

Science and Technology – developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.


Sub-TopicInformation Technology, Space Technology, Computers, Robotics, Nanotechnology, Biotechnology

Study Material & Preparation Tips

  • NCERT Class VI to X Science.
  • Developments in Science and Technology by Spectrum.
  • The Hindu (Thursday Edition).
  • India Year Book.
  • Yojana.
  • Business Standard.

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 3: Topic XII

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment, Biodiversity.




Sub-TopicEcology and Natural Resources, Biodiversity, Environmental Pollution, Sustainable Development

Study Material & Preparation Tips

  • Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change website.
  • NCERT Class XII Biology (Chapters-13,14,15,16).
  • Textbook of Environmental Studies For Undergraduate Courses’ by Erach Bharucha.
  • The Hindu Environmental Survey (Latest).
  • Annual Report of the Environment Ministry.
  • NIOS
  • Mrunal’s Environment Coverage

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 3: Topic XIII

Disaster and disaster management.


Study Material & Preparation Tips

  • 2nd ARC Report : Crisis Management
  • ARC Website.
  • NDM Website.
  • IGNOU notes on Disaster Management and Cyber Security.
  • Special edition of Yojana on Disaster Management.

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 3: Topic XIV

Linkages between development and spread of extremism, Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.Challenges to internal security through communication networks, Role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security, money-laundering and its prevention. Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

Sub-TopicInternal security, Role of media and social networking sites in internal security, cyber security, money-laundering.

Study Material & Preparation Tips

  • IDSA Book.
  • PIB- Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • Internal security challenges by Ashok Kumar IPS.
  • Essay on India’s internal security by Namrata Goswami available online.
  • Prevention of Money-laundering Act, 2002 (PMLA).
  • National Cyber Security Policy 2013.
  • India’s National Security – A Reader by Oxford University Press.

We request you to prepare for IAS Mains 2017 GS Paper 3 in an extremely structured manner and regularly revise to ensure better retention.

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