How to Prepare for UPSC IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 4

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How to Prepare for UPSC IAS Mains 2017 GS Paper 4

How to Prepare for UPSC IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 4: General Studies 4 Paper Syllabus for UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam consists of areas: Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude. This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and their problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by them in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects.

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This seems to be the only paper in which you can try a hand without any specific preparation. Many topics are of a general nature. Usual discussions on news, analysis of social issues, and behaviour of people in various segments of society helps in developing certain concepts of this particular paper.

Here we have provided an exhaustive list of resources that help you prepare for UPSC IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 4 in a holistic approach.

 

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 4: Topic I

Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

 

Sub-Topics: Definition of Ethics, Human value lesson from the leaders, Ethics-Essence, Ethics- Determinants and Ethics-Private and public relation

Study Material 

  • Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by G Subba Rao and PN Roy Chowdhary
  • IGNOU Ethics material
    • Chapter 1 and 2 of Block 4 – Current Ethical Debates
    • Chapter 1 and 2 of Block-1 Introduction to Ethics
    • Chapter 3 of Block -2 Ethical Foundations

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 4: Topic II

Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour, moral and political attitudes, social influence and persuasion

 

Sub-Topic: Attitude-social Influence, consequences of ethics in human action, Moral and political attitude

Study Material

  • NCERT Psychology class 12th book
    • Chapter 1 and 2 of Block 4 – Current Ethical Debates
    • Chapter 1 and 2 of Block 4 – Current Ethical Debates
  • Chapter on attitude from Subba Rao book

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 4: Topic III

Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, Integrity, Impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections

Sub-Topic: Aptitude and values for Civil Service

Study Material

  • Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by G Subba Rao and PN Roy Chowdhary

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 4: Topic IV

Emotional intelligence concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

Sub-Topic: Emotional intelligence

Study Material

  • Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by G Subba Rao and PN Roy Chowdhary

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 4: Topic V

Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world

Sub-Topic: Moral thinkers and Philosophers

Study Material

  • Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by G Subba Rao and PN Roy Chowdhary

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 4: Topic VI

Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance

Sub-Topic: Accountability and Ethical Governance, Value and Ethics in Public Administration, Strengthening moral and ethical value in Governance.

Study Material

  • Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by G Subba Rao and PN Roy Chowdhary
  • Ethical concerns in public administration by IGNO

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 4: Topic VII

Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

Sub-Topic: corporate governance Issue, Ethics in International Relation and funding

Study Material

  • IGNOU Chapter -1 – International Ethics of Block 3- Applied Ethics.
  • Surf Ministry of Corporate Affairs website.
  • SEBI’s Committee report on Corporate Governance chaired by N Narayanmurthy.
  • SEBI’s consultative paper on corporate governance – Covers A to Z of corporate governance.

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 4: Topic VIII

Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

Sub-Topic: Probity in Governance, Corruption

Study Material

  • Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by G Subba Rao and PN Roy Chowdhary
  • 2nd ARC’s report on Ethics in Governance – Only first two chapters
  • 2nd ARC’s report on Code of Conduct
  • 2nd ARC’s –
    • Questionnaire on Ethics in governance
    • Questionnaire on Civil Services Reforms
    • Reforms in Governance and Administration

IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 4: Topic IX

The purpose of the case study is to test your ability to understand situations of administrative, moral or ethical dilemmas and work out a pragmatic solution. The case studies asked in the last year’s main examination clearly establish the fact that they are not too complicated to resolve.

UPSC knows quite well that a student is not in a real position of power or authority to solve the case. Therefore, the expectation from the case study is to understand it in simple terms and offer simple workable solutions.

It is always better to write the case studies first and then take up general questions in the ethics paper. Case studies will require a fresh mind, a lot of thinking. Candidates should prepare the sketch work before actually writing them.

We request you to prepare for IAS Mains GS Paper 4 in an extremely structured manner and regularly revise to ensure better retention.

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