Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 4: General Studies 4 Paper Syllabus for UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam consists of areas: Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude. This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and their problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by them in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects.
This seems to be the only paper in which you can try a hand without any specific preparation. Usual discussions on news, analysis of social issues, and behaviour of people in various segments of society helps in developing certain concepts of this particular paper.
Over here we are sharing Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 4. It’s time for our topic no.6. Let us initiate…
Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 4 | Topic no.6
What is Glass Ceiling
Glass Ceiling is an Invisible but real barrier through which the next stage or level of advancement can be seen, but cannot be reached by a section of qualified and deserving employees. Such barriers exist due to implicit prejudice on the basis of age, ethnicity, political or religious affiliation, and/or sex. Although generally illegal, such practices prevalent in most countries.
Perpetuating a cycle of unfulfilled career expectations among women can spread insecurity and even depression. “It’s only natural that I would feel unappreciated if my hard work was not being paid off,”. “It is highly upsetting and demotivating to feel like you are not worth it and can make you want to resign.”
Barriers for Women
Whether women work for an employer (government, private enterprise or not-for-profit) or even if they are self-employed, they can hit the glass ceiling no matter if they are just starting out, transitioning on or in the process of climbing the corporate ladder.
What are some of the barriers women face?
- One of the main barriers is Pay inequity which higher up the ladder for the greater disparity between male and female wages.
- Most women are unable to return to the level of employment they held prior to pregnancy and are often not kept in the loop during their absence.
- Women comprise the bulk of the part-time workforce thereby gaining lower hourly rates and less accumulated superannuation.
- Lack of valuing the work that women perform. For example, tradition women’s roles in community services are underpaid.
“The sooner we understand all the barriers that create the glass ceiling, the sooner we can tackle each one individually and work towards creating a doorway in its place.”
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Expected Question: Glass Ceiling for women progression in workplace is a serious concern. Discuss!
Over here we conclude our article on Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 4. Stay tuned with us for the rest of the topic that we will discuss day by day.