Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 4: General Studies 4 Paper Syllabus for UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam consists of areas: Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude. This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and their problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by them in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects.
This seems to be the only paper in which you can try a hand without any specific preparation. Usual discussions on news, analysis of social issues, and behaviour of people in various segments of society helps in developing certain concepts of this particular paper. Over here we are sharing Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 4. It’s time for our topic no.8 . Let us initiate…
Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 4 | Topic no.8
Medical ethics is a system of moral principles that apply values to the practice of clinical medicine and in scientific research. Medical ethics allow for people, regardless of race, gender, or religion to be guaranteed quality and principled care. This applies to both the living and nonliving, such as medical research on cadavers. It creates an obvious guideline to follow. Medical ethics is based on a set of values that professionals can refer to in the case of any confusion or conflict. These values include the respect for autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence, and justice. These tenets allow doctors, care providers, and families to create a treatment plan and work towards the same common goal without any conflict. It is important to note that these four values are of equal worth.
- Respect for autonomy – the patient has the right to refuse or choose their treatment.
- Beneficence – a practitioner should act in the best interest of the patient.
- Non-maleficence – to not be the cause of harm. Also, “Utility” – to promote more good than harm
- Justice – concerns the distribution of scarce health resources and the decision of who gets what treatment (fairness and equality).
Duties and responsibilities of Doctors
- The Principal objective of the medical profession is to render service to humanity with full respect for the dignity of profession and man. Physicians should merit the confidence of patients entrusted to their care, rendering to each a full measure of service and devotion. Physicians should try continuously to improve medical knowledge and skills and should make available to their patients and colleagues the benefits of their professional attainments.
- One should practice methods of healing founded on a scientific basis and should not associate professionally with anyone who violates this principle. The honoured ideals of the medical profession imply that the responsibilities of the physician extend not only to individuals but also to society.
- One should participate in professional meetings as part of Continuing Medical Education programmes, for at least 30 hours every five years, organized by reputed professional academic bodies or any other authorized organizations. The compliance of this requirement shall be informed regularly to Medical Council of India or the State Medical Councils as the case may be.
- Observe the laws of the country in regulating the practice of medicine and shall also not assist others to evade such laws. He should be cooperative in observance and enforcement of sanitary laws and regulations in the interest of public health
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Expected Question: Define the term Medical Ethics. Discuss some duties and responsibilities of Doctors in the context of Medical Ethics.
Over here we conclude our article on Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 4. Stay tuned with us for the rest of the topic that we will discuss day by day.