IAS Mains History Subject Most Expected Questions: Millions of aspirants appear for the Civil Services Examination every year. Union Public Services Commission (UPSC) has recently released the UPSC IAS Mains admit card for the upcoming examination. The IAS mains examination is scheduled on 28th October 2017.
All the UPSC IAS aspirants are now preparing for IAS Mains. The problem is that no matter how good & knowledgeable we think we are or how good we feel we have written the paper there is always a certain level of uncertainty. This is especially true for optional subjects. In this article, we will be sharing the most expected questions for IAS Mains History optional subject.
IAS Mains History Subject Most Expected Questions
IAS Mains History Optional Subject exam is scheduled on 3rd November. Over here, we are listing some important questions for IAS Mains History subject.
Candidates are advised to go through these questions to prepare efficiently for the upcoming IAS Mains examination.
- “The continuity of the Indus Civilization into later ages was not confined to the religious and spiritual fields alone.” Analyse the statement?
2. The Indus Civilization had an abrupt end.‛ Discuss the statement and explain how the Indus Civilization could influence Indian culture in its later history?
3. Discuss the pattern of trade during the Indus Valley civilization. How for did it affect the nature of contemporary settlements in the Indian sub-continent?
4. Discuss the types of lands and the Science of agriculture mentioned in the literature and epigraphs of ancient India?
5. Analyze the vibrant cultural activities in peninsular India during 550-750 CE. Compare and contrast it with the situation in contemporary North India.
6. Examine the information of Fahien about the political, religious, social and economic conditions of India. Make a comparative study of his account with that of Yuan Chawang.
7. Brief out the salient features of the religious development in the Post-Maurya period. How was contemporary art influenced by it?
8. How justified are we in characterizing the post-Mauryan five centuries as the ‚Dark Period‛ of Indian History? Give reasons in support of your answer.
9. How do recent archaeological findings and Sangam literary texts enlighten us about the early state and society in South India?
10. Analyse the vibrant cultural activities in peninsular India during 550-750 CE. Compare and contrast it with the situation in contemporary North India 2012.
11. What are the manifestations of Tamil devotional cults? How do your account for their growth between C. 750 and C. 1200 CE?
12. To what extent ‘monetary anemia’ afflicted the erstwhile commercial economy during the early medieval period?
13. Achieving dominance in the south of the Vindbyas did not satisfy the ambitions of the Rashtrakutas; they also wanted to achieve dominance over the Gangetic PIains. ”Elaborate and comment.
14. The Cholas are said to have established a strong and well organized administration with an element of self-government at the local level. Do you agree? Give reasons.
15. What are the manifestations of Tamil devotional cults? How do you account for their growth between C. 750 and C. 1200 CE?
16. Evaluate the impact of the Sufi and Bhakti Movements on vernacular languages and life and thought of the common people.
17. “The tenets of Hindu and Muslim mystics were similar enough that the ground was ripe for syncretic movements involving adherents of both religious.” Elucidate.
18. Analyse the social composition and the role of mobility under the successors of Iltutmish. How did it affect the contemporary politics?
19. Form an estimate of the personality of Firoz Shah Tughlaq with special reference to his religious policy and public works.
20. Discuss the growth of the Niguna School of Bhakti Movement emphasizing the contribution of Kabir and Nanak to it.
21. Describe the Rajput policy of the Mughal emperors. Do you agree with the view that the reversal of Akbar ‘s Rajput policy by Aurangzeb was responsible for the disintegration of the Mughal empire ?
22. Explain the principal features of architecture during Akbar’s rule. What changes were made in them by Shahjahan?
23. Akbar built the Mughal Empire by enlisting the support of the Rajput’s; Aurangzeb destroyed it by alienating the Rajput’s.” Discuss critically.
24. Discuss the different types of Karkhanas in Mughal India. How was the production organized in the different Karkhanas?
25. Comment on the Turko-Mongol theory of sovereignty. To what extent was it adopted by Babur and Humayun?
26. Were the Marathas restricted by their geopolitical limitations from becoming the paramount power of India?
27. What role did the economics play in the early phase of the British rule in shaping of land tenure policy?
28. Examine the major factors shaping the British land revenue policy in India. How it affected Indian society?
29. “Though the Permanent Settlement had serious defects, it gave tranquility to the countryside and stability to the government”. Comment.
30. Sir Charles Napier said, “We have no right to seize Sind, yet we shall do so, and a very advantageous, useful, humane piece of rascality it will be”. Comment
31. “The writings of the philosophers had a tremendous influence on the minds of the people and created a revolutionary awakening in their minds and formed the intellectual creed of the French Revolution”. Comment.
32. What were the ideals of the French Revolution of 1789? How far is it correct to say that it overthrew mercantilism and the surviving relics of feudalism and contributed to the political supremacy of the middle class?
33. “The writings of the philosophers had a tremendous influence on the minds of the people and created a revolutionary awakening in their minds and formed the intellectual creed of the French Revolution”. Comment.
34. “What mattered in 1789- and what made men revolutionary almost in spite of themselves was the whole revolutionary situation’; and in producing that situation the work of the philosophers played no very important role.” Comment.
35. “At the news of the Declaration of Independence crowds gathered to cheer, fire guns and cannon and ring church bells in Philadelphia. Boston and other places, but there were many people in America who did not rejoice”. Comment.
36. ‘The scale, splendor and organized power of the monarchy of Louis XIV were something new in Europe.’ Examine.
37. The American Revolution “was a natural and even expected event in the history of colonial people who had come of age.” Comment.
38. The French Revolution (1789) sought to remove both “the religious and secular props of the existing social order.” Elucidate.
39. “If monarchical misrole ignited the French revolution, lofty ideas both inspired and sustained it.” Examine.
40. ’What were the factors that worked in the drafting of the American Constitution? Do you agree with Beard’s view of the constitution being an Economic Document?
41. How far is it correct to say that every feature of the American Constitution was ultimately of English Origin? Discuss.
42. ‘Thus the League sought to achieve to profoundest of all psychological revolutions to transform the war mentality of man into a peace mentality.’ Elaborate.
43. “By the 1980s, the Communist system of the Soviet Union was incapable of maintaining the country’s role as a Superpower.” Explain this statement.
44. “Though the Permanent Settlement had serious defects, it gave tranquility to the countryside and stability to the government.” Comment.
45. “Railway development in India provides an interesting instance of private enterprise at public risk.” Critically evaluate.
46. “The active participation of Aruna Asaf Ali in 1942 movement symbolized the role of women in India’s freedom struggle.” Critically evaluate.
47. “Plantations and mines, jute mills, banking, insurance, shipping and export-import concerns in India were run through a system of interlocking managing agencies.” Critically examine.
48. “The contact of the new Indian middle class with the West proved to be a catalyst. The social and religious movements launched by Rammohan or Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar have to be understood in this context.” Elaborate
49. “The announcement of the creation of People’s Republic of China on October 1, 1949 by Mao Zedong ended the Civil War between the Chinese Communist Party and the Nationalist Party (KMT).” Elaborate.
50. “The Arab nationalism had a peculiar character. It stood for national independence of separate Arab states as well as for the unity of all Arabs irrespective of their state boundaries.” Examine.
Help yourself to prepare for IAS Mains History optional subject by going through these important questions.