IAS Mains Public Administration Subject: Millions of aspirants appear for the Civil Services Examination every year. Union Public Services Commission (UPSC) has recently released the UPSC IAS Mains admit card for the upcoming examination. The IAS mains examination is scheduled on 28th October 2017.
The problem is that no matter how good & knowledgeable we think we are or how good we feel we have written the paper there is always a certain level of uncertainty. This is especially true for optional subjects. In this article, we will be sharing the most expected questions for IAS Mains Public Administration optional subject.
IAS Mains Public Administration: Most Expected Questions
Over here, we are listing some important questions for IAS Mains Public Administration subject.
- “In the last three decades, almost all countries of the world have experienced transformations in their administrative systems”. Explain this phenomenon with examples from the developed and the developing nations in the context of New Public Management Movement?
- ‘It is high time that the distribution of central assistance under article 282 of Indian constitution, (which is entirely or even mainly made on the basis of Semi-Judicial Awards of the Finance Commission) needs to be reexamined in all its implications. Why?
- Why is it that the behavioral approach to the study of organizations is a continuous phenomenon? Discuss Chester Barnard’s contributions to this approach.
- “The study of decision making is proceeding in so many directions that we can lose sight of the basic administrative processes that Barnard and Simon were trying to describe and that so many men have been trying to improve.” Elucidate.
- Analyze McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y. Do you agree with the view that with every passing year, McGregor’s message has become more relevant and more important? Substantiate your answer.
- “National Development Council was established to coordinate between Union government, the planning commission, and the state governments”. Comment.
- Compare Abraham Maslow’s theory of motivation and Herzberg’s motivation-hygiene theory. Do you think that they are universally applicable? If so, Why? If not, Why not?
- Bring out the importance of communication in administrative organisations. What are the drawbacks in upward communication?
- “Theoretically the Board administration violates the distinction between government and politics because through it politics is injected in the administration”. Comment
- ‘The departmental pattern of undertaking does not offer the necessary, autonomy, flexibility and entrepreneurship to Management. Examine.
- “The States are constitutionally obliged to ensure that the laws passed by Parliament are implemented.” Explain the constitutional position fully?
- States with a record of good governance, it is argued by the spokesperson of some states, lost their earlier share from the Finance Commission’s Award. Comment.
- The authority of the Governor in the discretionary field is not unrestrained. If it is misused, the President can check him/ her and if necessary, he may even remove the Governor. Examine this statement critically in the context of the Office of the Governor?
- “The success and prestige enjoyed by a Chief Secretary depend to a large extent, upon his equations with the varied sets of people and institutions that form the work environment.” Critically evaluate the statement and its relevance to the role of the Chief Secretary in the discharge of his functions.
- “Instruments of public accountability can be truly effective only if the people and their associations, backed by a responsible media, are assertively pro-active.” Comment
- “Open access to government records is the hallmark of a democratic government’, but ‘governments are not hesitant about destroying records– very deliberately – in order to prevent investigations, as well as to generally weaken accountability’. Do you think that in this situation right to information can go to the extent of demanding complete declassification and ‘de-archivization’ of government records? Argue.
- Would you agree that the strong Rechsstaat version of the rule of law found on the continent never existed in England because of its particular history?
- Why is Le Droit administrative regarded alongside the Napoleonic Code as the most notable achievement of French legal science?
- “PA can be portrayed as a wheel or relationships focused on the formulation and implementation of Public Policy.” Explain.
- Neither Weidner nor Fred Riggs was able to describe the process of development administration adequately. Explain the drawbacks and weaknesses in their theoretical analyses.
- Waldo speaks of the fears of F. M. Marx that PA has grown so broad and so much is involved at its periphery that it stands “In danger of disappearing completely as a recognizable focus of study.” Comment.
- “Physical science is an objective study of only objective things. While on the other hand, Social science is an objective study of both objective and subjective things.”– Weber. Evaluate.
- Public and private administration are not two distinct identities rather they are species of the same genus, administration. Critically Examine.
- “Public opinion in democracy slowdown the progress of the science of administration.” Wilson. Comment in light of functioning of democracies in the present era.
- The need for government in action arose only in the third stage of evolution of the political history of the State, which explains the late emergence of Public Administration as a discipline. Evaluate.
- A good constitution is merely a necessary condition, not a sufficient one. Discuss the above statement in the context of the politics-administration dichotomy propounded by Wilson.
- Administrative tribunals and judicial review are not only instruments of interpretation of the law but also safeguards against administrative weaknesses and excesses. Comment.
- Discuss the view that “tribunals should have the same degree of independence from the executive as that enjoyed by the Supreme Court and the high courts, especially for those tribunals that took over the functions of high courts.”
- “In certain discourses, there is a reflected basic distrust against bureaucracy as an instrument of development.” Do you think bureaucracy is more appropriate for regulatory administration than for development administration?
- “Taylor’s Contribution was not a set of general principles for organizing work efficiency, but a set of operating procedures that could be employed in each concrete situation to secure their application.” Comment
- Piffner point out that the constitution of a country is a plan. Every planning and purposeful activity is preceded by preparation for action. Do you agree with the assessment of Piffner about the constitution? Discuss.
- Do State Services suffer in comparison with the All India and Central Services? Suggest measures for enhancing the role, competence, and impact of State Services.
- “Attempts to solve administrative problems in isolation from the structure of power and purpose in the polity are bound to be illusory.” (Norton Long) Comment.
- Independence of the judiciary is sacrosanct but seeking a broader collegium based judicial appointment needs serious exploration. Give your views.
- The period of British rule generated most of the structural and behavioural values of Indian administration not by initiation but through interaction. Examine
- Analyse McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y. Do you agree with the view that with every passing year, his message has become more relevant and more important? Substantiate your answer.
- “Community policing has become a victim of elite capture.” Discuss the concept of community policing and bring out the implications of the above statement.
- “Weberian model of bureaucracy lacks empirical validity when applied to modern democratic administration.” Examine.
- “Bureaucracy can exist only where the whole service of the state is removed from the common political life of the people, its chiefs as well as rank and file. Its motives, its objectives, its policy, its standards must be bureaucratic.”- Discuss.
- “The headquarters-field relationship is fraught with complexities. To arrive at a general principle, thus, is nearly impossible. Therefore, this should be more of a practitioner’s domain rather than of academician’s.” Comment.
- Do you agree with the view that in the wake of increasing role of local bodies, the District Collector be absolved largely of his development functions to focus more on regulatory functions? Justify.
- “The Cabinet Secretary’s is a very general staff function, not a line function in relation to the ministries. His business is to help not to oversee. Comment.
- There is a separate ministry Central ministry or Department on each subject allocated to State List. Does it mean supremacy of the Union Government or an emphasis on development administration? Analyse.
- The Systems approach is relevant even today for organizational analysis. Discuss how Barnard and David Easton adopted this approach in their respective areas of study.
- In the era of neo-liberalism, there is an emphasis on a strong state and a vibrant market. Ironically this phenomena which is contemporary could be dealt by a classical theorist such as Gullick’s view on the nature of the state and the role of the administration. Discuss
- Give reasons for the failure of the GOI to introduce the performance programme budgetary technique in Union Ministries. What type of budgetary system is being currently practiced in India and why?
- While the classical theorist of administration consider organisation as a set of individual a humanist such as Bernard that organisation is a set of activity. Elaborate.
- New paradigms in public administration do not look at the discipline from a fresh perspective but merely rehash the old concepts.” Critically evaluate
- “A public administration which fails to work for changes which try to redress the deprivation of minorities will likely be eventually used to repress those minorities.” Frederickson. Evaluate with respect to the importance of values in public administration.
Candidates are advised to go through these questions to prepare efficiently for the upcoming IAS Mains Public Administration examination. Help yourself to prepare for IAS Mains Public Administration optional subject by going through these important questions.
Here we are ending up our article on UPSC IAS Mains Public Administration Subject Most Expected questions. We hope that these questions will help you in all the ways. Stay connected for more information regarding UPSC Civil Services Exam Recruitment 2017. To excel in Civil Services Examination, download the Best IAS Exam Preparation App for free.