IAS Mains Sociology Subject Most Expected Questions

IAS Mains Sociology Subject Most Expected Questions

IAS Mains Sociology Subject Most Expected Questions: Millions of aspirants appear for the Civil Services Examination every year. The IAS mains examination is scheduled on 28th October 2017.

All the UPSC IAS aspirants are now preparing for IAS Mains. The problem is that no matter how good & knowledgeable we think we are or how good we feel we have written the paper there is always a certain level of uncertainty. This is especially true for optional subjects. In this article, we will be sharing the most expected questions for IAS Sociology optional subject.


IAS Mains Sociology Subject Most Expected Questions

Over here, we are listing some important questions for IAS Mains Sociology subject.

  1. Discuss how the sociologists have tried to solve the problem of differentiating the nature and scope of their discipline from the subject matter of other social sciences
  2. Taking a clue from Weber’s analysis of the role of Calvinist ethics in the rise of mature capitalism, discuss the relative impact of (a) economic conditions, and (b) values and ideas, on social change.
  3. Distinguish between formal and informal structures of organizations and show how some of the problems of formal organizations can be better understood in forms of this distinction.
  4. Define ‘social stratification’ and critically examine the view that Marx has “oversimplified the structure of satisfaction by reducing it to one factor, control of the means of production.”
  5. In what ways is organic solidarity different from mechanical solidarity? Does organic division of labour lead to greater efficiency? Illustrate your view with examples.
  6. Distinguish between power, prestige, and authority. What are the different ways in which an authority may gain legitimacy? Why does a changing society face crises of legitimacy?
  7. Bring out the relationship between technological development and changes in family and kinship. How do you account for the different types of kinship system in the US and Japan which are similar with regard to technological development?
  8. Define and elaborate social fact and social action as the subject matter of sociology. What are the problems which such a subject matter possess for its scientific study? Can it be studied scientifically at all?
  9. Distinguish between observation and interviewing as techniques of data collection. Under what contexts their use may be recommended? Bring out their merits and demerits as regards their objectivity and validity.
  10. What arguments are adduced by some authors to assert that the caste system is peculiar only to India, and by some others to show that it is a universal phenomenon observable in other parts of the world as well?
  11. Some authors maintain that the caste system contributes to solidarity and harmony in society, whereas some other think that it is an exploitative system. What are the grounds for such divergent views?
  12. Analyse the interrelationships among the joint family, the caste system and the village community in the traditional Indian society and show how they were supported by the peculiar economic organization and the value system.
  13. Traditionally, marriage in the Father-right societies in India was not merely a union between man and woman, but a permanent transfer of a woman from the family of her parents into that of her husband. What customs and practices in marriage and family can you adduce to substantiate this observation?
  14. There are tendencies in some parts of the country, on the part of the native people of a region to discriminate against the immigrants. Analyse the economic, demographic and socio-cultural factors which may give rise to the politics of nativism.
  15. Examine India’s claim to be a secular state and society. Does the concept of the secular state as understood in India lead to the spread of secularism in society as a scientific concept.
  16. Give a brief account of the major social reform movements of the 19th and 20th century India. How and why can they be regarded fundamentally different from such movements in the past?
  17. What are the major postulates in the functional analysis? Is the framework conservative or radical in its approach to the study of social phenomena? Substantiate your view.
  18. Distinguish between the concepts of “social inequalities”, “social hierarchy” and “the perpetuation of social inequalities”. How are these features manifested in the different forms of social stratification?
  19. In what sense is a family a primary group? Examine the correspondence between the nature and functions of the family on the one hand and the nature and functions of the state on the other, in a changing society
  20. Explain the basic features of “bureaucracy” and “oligarchy”. Do you, think that they have become a part or all modern societies? If so, why? Substantiate your answer with examples.
  21. Analyse Weber’s thesis on the “Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism”. In the light of this thesis do you think that all religions facilitate social change? Illustrate your answer.
  22. Examine on the basis of empirical evidence whether castes are evolving into social classes. How do you account for the phenomenon of casteism?
  23. Describe the variation in the form, structure, and function of the Indian family at present. Can this be understood in terms of rural-urban dichotomy? Elaborate your point of view.
  24. Bring out the socio-cultural contexts of educational inequality. In view of these circumstances what measures you think are appropriate for the solution of the educational problems of the scheduled castes?
  25. Compare and contrast the stratification systems and ideological patterns among the major religious categories in India. Evaluate the problem of religious conversion against this background.
  26. In what sense was the traditional Indian village a ‘community’? Bring out the impact of the Community Development Programme upon that ‘community’.
  27. Describe the rural-urban differences in socio-cultural characteristics such as caste and religion and bring out their implications for economic and political behaviour.
  28. How far do you agree with the view that while neo-positivism reduces sociology measurement, functionalism directs attention towards meaning? Can functionalism explain dynamic social processes?
  29. Analyse the social determinants of industrialization. Will industrialization per se lead to equality and balanced development in the society?
  30. Do you agree with the view that legitimacy is a powerful instrument in the hands of the elite in the contemporary society? What are the different grounds on which ruling elite have tried to legitimize their authority in democratic and totalitarian societies?
  31. What is the structural perspective on the caste system? Is it not an oversimplification to describe the system as a hierarchy of statuses based on the opposition of the pure and impure?
  32. Describe the main characteristics of Jaimani system. Do you agree with the view that it is basically an Institution of politico-economic dominance and dependence?
  33. Discuss the social consequences of economic development in India. Do you share the view that it has increased economic inequality and failed to promote social justice?
  34. Comment on the distinction between ‘hierarchy’ and ‘social stratification’. Which of the two will be a more appropriate term to describe the caste system and why?
  35. Discuss the process of social mobility in the caste system commonly described as Sanskritization and westernization. Have they reflected any structural change in the system?
  36. Discuss Durkheim’s concept of Division of labour. In what way does it differ from that of classical and neoclassical economists? 3. Show how culture constituted a seminal idea in B. Malinowski’s works.
  37. ‘Despite all the fusion and fusion that the caste system has undergone through the ages. It was bound to maintain the permanency of its form’. Comment.
  38. Discuss the factors responsible for the growing feeling of alienation among the religious minorities in India. How can they be made to overcome this feeling?
  39. Stress the importance of regional development in the context of national planning in India. Can regional disparities be reduced within the framework of a centralist planning?
  40. Do you agree with Max Weber that the Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism are correlated? What are the alternative theories suggested by other academics?
  41. Do you think that in T. Parsons there has been a transition from the analysis of the structure of social action as such to the structural-functional analysis of social systems”? Discuss in detail.
  42. “There has been a substantial decline in labour class and increase in labour force in non- manual jobs with the advent of new technological revolution.” Critically examine.
  43. Briefly discuss the Conflict Perspective on social stratification and examine the view that social inequality in India is the function of rigid social stratification system.
  44. Bring out a comparative analysis of Marxian and Parsonian views of social change and examine the relevance of each view for social development in the contemporary India.
  45. Describe the socio-economic factors responsible for communal tensions in India. What suggestions will you give to control them?
  46. Highlight the problem of objectivity and value-neutrality in Social Research. Elaborate, with suitable examples, the limitations associated with the tools of measurements in Social Science Researches.
  47. Examine the conceptual distinction between social inequality and social stratification. How do the nature and forms of the social stratification system determine the patterns of social mobility?
  48. Describe the process of emergence of the middle class in India. What role has the middle class played in national development?
  49. Bring out Tonnies’ differentiation between ‘Community’ (Gemeinschaft) and ‘society’ (Gesselschaft) and show how this paved the path for Cooley to develop his theory of primary group.
  50. State the meaning and characteristics of an ideal type. What, according to Max Weber, is the use and significance of the ‘ideal type’ in social science research?
  51. Forces of Production changes in Evolutionary manner and Relations of Production changes in an evolutionary manner .Explain with Karl Marx’s view and use present-day examples.
  52. Bring out a Comparative analysis of Marxian and Parsonian views of Social change and examine the relevance of each view for Social Development in the Contemporary India.
  53. To Robert Merton, deviant behaviour is a result of Anomie. Analyse his Sociological theory of deviant behaviour, with a special reference to his formulation of types of Deviance.
  54. What are the reactions of Robert Merton to the functionalism pioneered by social Anthropologists? Indicate the limitations of his ideas of latent functions.
  55. Socialization and social control are complementary to each other in maintaining Social Order – Elucidate your answer with appropriate illustrations.

Candidates are advised to go through these questions to prepare efficiently for the upcoming IAS Mains Sociology examination. Help yourself to prepare for IAS Mains Sociology optional subject by going through these important questions.

Here we are ending up our article on UPSC IAS Mains Sociology Subject Most Expected questions. We hope that these IAS Mains Sociology questions will help you in all the ways. Stay connected for more information regarding UPSC Civil Services Exam Recruitment 2017. To excel in Civil Services Examination, download the Best IAS Exam Preparation App for free.

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