IAS Prelims 2017 Exam Topics that will Increase your Score: The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) will conduct the civil services (CS) preliminary examination on June 18 this year. It is one of the most esteemed and toughest exams in the country. With a success rate of 0.1- 0.3 percent of the total percentage of candidates who apply, it is really difficult to nail the examination.
As you know, Yesterday, we have shared IAS Prelims 2017 Exam Topics that will Increase your Score: which will help you prepare for your upcoming examination. Here is the topic that we have discussed yesterday, Click on the link below to explore.
As promised, today we are going to continue with the Fourth topic i.e Sustainable Sand Mining Management Guidelines 2016. Let us provide you the brief explanation of the said topic.
IAS Prelims 2017 Exam Topics that will Increase your Score: Sustainable Sand Mining Management Guidelines 2016
Today we will discuss the third topic i.e Sustainable Sand Mining Management Guidelines 2016. Below mentioned is the explanation of the said topic.
Let us provide you the explanation of the given topic.
Sustainable Sand Mining Management Guidelines 2016
To promote sustainable sand extraction, these guidelines released by the Union ministry of environment and forests lays emphasis on monitoring of the mined out material, which is key to the success of environment management plan. It has suggested tapping “alternative sources of sand and gravel”.
- In January 2016, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change floated a policy for mining of minor minerals with special emphasis on sustainable sand mining.
- Under the new policy, the Union government decentralized the process of granting environmental clearance for sustainable sand mining and mining of minor minerals.
- It created a District Environment Impact Assessment Authority for proper monitoring of sand mining. In the context of this policy the guidelines have been framed.
The objectives of the Guidelines
To ensure that sand and gravel mining is done in environmentally sustainable and socially responsible manner.
- To ensure availability of adequate quantity of aggregate in sustainable manner.
- To improve the effectiveness of monitoring of mining and transportation of mined out material Ensure conservation of the river equilibrium and its natural environment by protection and restoration of the ecological system.
- Avoid aggradations at the downstream reach especially those with hydraulic structures such as jetties, water intakes etc.
- To prevent ground water pollution by prohibiting sand mining on fissures where it works as filter prior to ground water recharge.
- Streamlining and simplifying the process for grant of environmental clearance (EC) for sustainable mining.
- To promote sustainable sand mining, policy focuses on tapping ‘alternative sources of sand and gravel’ like sand that accumulates at the bottom of dams.
- Accumulation of sand and gravel at the bottom leads to reduced capacity of dams to store water and results in the dams’ water intakes being blocked.
- According to guidelines Recycled building and quarry dust material can be a substitute for sand. It promotes the use of manufactured sand (M-Sand).
- Some of the alternatives for sand that have evolved are use of slag, waste from steel industry; fly ash, waste from thermal power plants; crushed over-burnt bricks; and tiles, waste from clay brick and the tile industry, for plain cement concrete as an alternative to sand (natural aggregate).
Over here we conclude our article on IAS Prelims 2017 Exam Topics that will Increase your Score. Stay tuned with us for the rest of the topic that we will discuss day by day.