IAS Prelims 2017 Important Topics on Current Affairs: Geographical Indication

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IAS Prelims 2017 Important Topics on Current Affairs: Geographical Indication

IAS Prelims 2017 Important Topics on Current Affairs: The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) will conduct the civil services (CS) preliminary examination on June 18 this year. It is one of the most esteemed and toughest exams in the country. With a success rate of 0.1- 0.3 percent of the total percentage of candidates who apply, it is really difficult to nail the examination.

As you know, On 28th March 2017, we have shared IAS Prelims 2017 Important Topics on current affairs which will help you prepare for your upcoming examination. Here is the topic that we have discussed on 7th April, Click on the link below to explore

IAS Prelims 2017 Important Topics on Current Affairs: Linguistic Minorities As promised, today we are going to continue with the Eleventh topic i.e Geographical Indication. Let us provide you the brief explanation of the said topic.

 

IAS Prelims 2017 Important Topics on Current Affairs: Geographical Indication  

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Let us provide you the explanation of the given topic.

Geographical Indication

A geographical indication (GI) is a sign that identifies a product as originating from a particular location which gives that product a special quality or reputation or other characteristic.

Under the Geographical Indications Act, it is not necessary to file an application to protect the GI.

A GI is distinct from a trade mark. A GI informs consumers that a product comes from a certain place and has special qualities due to that place of origin, while a trade mark is used to distinguish a business’ goods or services from those of its competitors. A GI may be used by all producers or traders whose products originate from that place and which share typical characteristics, while a trade mark gives its owners the right to prevent others from using the trade mark.

A geographical indication right enables those who have the right to use the indication to prevent its use by a third party whose product does not conform to the applicable standards. For example, in the jurisdictions in which the Darjeeling geographical indication is protected, producers of Darjeeling tea can exclude use of the term “Darjeeling” for tea not grown in their tea gardens or not produced according to the standards set out in the code of practice for the geographical indication.

GIs that are not protected

It is important to note the following instances where a GI will not be protected:

  • It is immoral or against public order;
  • It is no longer in use or no longer protected in the country of origin;
  • It has become the common name in Singapore for the goods or services which it identifies;
  • [for wines and spirits] it has been used continuously for at least 10 years preceding 15 April 1994 or in good faith preceding that date;
  • It is confusingly similar to a trade mark for which rights had been acquired before the GI is protected in its country of origin; or
  • It is the name of a person or a predecessor in a particular business.

However, a protected geographical indication does not enable the holder to prevent someone from making a product using the same techniques as those set out in the standards for that indication. Protection for a geographical indication is usually obtained by acquiring a right over the sign that constitutes the indication.

Geographical indications are typically used for agricultural products, foodstuffs, wine and spirit drinks, handicrafts, and industrial products.

The famous goods which carry this tag include Basmati rice, Darjeeling Tea, Chanderi Fabric, Mysore Silk, Kullu Shawl, Kangra Tea, Thanjavur Paintings, Allahabad Surkha, Farrukhabad Prints, Lucknow Zardozi and Kashmir Walnut Wood Carving.

Over here we conclude our article on IAS Prelims 2017 Important Topics on Current Affairs. Stay tuned with us for the rest of the topic that we will discuss day by day. 

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