IAS Prelims 2017 Important Topics: The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) will conduct the civil services (CS) preliminary examination on June 18 this year. It is one of the most esteemed and toughest exams in the country. With a success rate of 0.1- 0.3 percent of the total percentage of candidates who apply, it is really difficult to nail the examination.
As you know, On 28th March 2017, we have shared IAS Prelims 2017 Important Topics on current affairs which will help you prepare for your upcoming examination. Here is the topic that we have discussed on 7th April, Click on the link below to explore
As promised, today we are going to continue with the Tenth topic i.e Linguistic Minorities. Let us provide you the brief explanation of the said topic.
IAS Prelims 2017 Important Topics on Current Affairs: Linguistic Minorities
Current Affairs is an extremely essential component of all major competitive exams. An aspirant who has a grip over General knowledge is always at an advantage, not just for written examinations but also interviews. Updating Daily GK will help you perform well in all the competitive exams.
Let us provide you the explanation of the given topic.
A linguistic minority is a community that uses a language different from the one spoken by the national majority
Most of the States have a dominant language which is spoken by majority of the people which is called as regional language. All those who do not speak the Regional Language belong to linguistic minorities.
Three different kinds of linguistic minorities could be identified in India and they are:
- Linguistic minorities
- Linguistic minorities with tribal affiliation
- Linguistic minorities with religious affiliation
About 36.3 million of India’s 1.2 billion strong population (Census 2011) speak an “absolute minority language”, a language which in every of India’s 28 States forms a minority. Most of those languages are Adivasi languages.
Safeguards for Linguistic Minorities are:
- Translation and publication of important rules, regulations, notices, etc., into all languages, which are spoken by at least 15% of the total population at district or sub-district level.
- Declaration of minority languages as second official language in districts where persons speaking such languages constitute 60% or more of the population.
- Receipt of, and reply to, representations in minority languages; scheme of safeguards.
- Instruction through mother tongues/ minority languages at the Primary stage of education.
- Instruction through minority languages at the Secondary stage of education.
- Advance registration of linguistic preference of linguistic minority pupils, and inter-school adjustments.
- Provision for text books and teachers in minority languages; scheme of safeguards.
- Implementation of Three-language Formula.
- No insistence upon knowledge of State’s Official Language at the time of recruitment. Test of proficiency in the State’s Official Language to be held before completion of probation.
- Issue of Pamphlets in minority languages detailing safeguards available to linguistic minorities.
- Setting up of proper machinery at the State and district levels.
The Central Institute of Indian Languages (CIIL), Mysore, a subordinate office of the Ministry of Human Resource Development is implementing a scheme for preservation and protection of languages spoken by less than 10000 people. Under the scheme, grammatical descriptions, monolingual and bilingual dictionaries, language primers, anthologies of folklore, encyclopedias, etc of all the endangered languages / mother tongues, especially those spoken by less than 10000 persons are prepared.
Over here we conclude our article on IAS Prelims 2017 Important Topics on Current Affairs. Stay tuned with us for the rest of the topic that we will discuss day by day.