IAS Prelims 2019 Important Topics: The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) will conduct the civil services (CS) preliminary examination on 2 June 2019. It is one of the most esteemed and toughest exams in the country. With a success rate of 0.1- 0.3 percent of the total percentage of candidates who apply, it is really difficult to nail the examination.
We have shared IAS Prelims 2019 Important Topics on current affairs which will help you prepare for your upcoming examination. Here is the topic that we have discussed yesterday, Click on the link below to explore.
As promised, today we are going to continue with the seventh topic i.e Mental Health Policy. Let us provide you the brief explanation of the said topic.
IAS Prelims 2019 Important Topics on Current Affairs: Mental Health Policy
Current Affairs is an extremely essential component of all major competitive exams. An aspirant who has a grip over General knowledge is always at an advantage, not just for written examinations but also interviews. Updating Daily GK will help you perform well in all the competitive exams.
Let us provide you with the explanation of the given topic.
Mental Health Policy
The vision of the National Mental Health Policy is to promote mental health, prevent mental illness, enable recovery from mental illness, promote destigmatization and desegregation, and ensure socio-economic inclusion of persons affected by mental illness by providing accessible, affordable and quality health and social care to all persons through their lifespan within a rights-based framework.
Mental health is defined as a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community.
- The National Mental Health Policy is based, inter-alia, on the values and principles of equity, justice, integrated and evidence-based care, quality, participatory and holistic approach to mental health.
- It enlists the comprehensive list of vulnerable groups, which include the poor (who are linked with mental illnesses in a “negative vicious cycle”), the homeless (who have “no provision for care and support”), persons in custodial institutions (who face a “deprivation of personal liberty”), orphans, children, the elderly and people affected by emergencies and various natural or man-made disasters.
Goals and objectives
Mental health policy goals & Objectives include the following
- to reduce distress, disability, exclusion, morbidity and premature mortality associated with mental health problems across life-span of a person,
- to enhance the understanding of mental health in the country,
- to provide universal access to mental health care,
- to increase access to mental health services for vulnerable groups,
- to reduce the risk and incidence of suicide and attempted suicide,
- to ensure respect for rights and protection from harm of persons with mental health problems, and reduce the stigma associated with mental health problems
- to enhance availability and distribution of skilled human resources for mental health.
Other Key Dimensions
- It also recognizes the fact that mental health is linked to many other aspects of life and thus recommends allocation of funds not just to the government’s health department but also to other sectors such as social welfare, school education, and women and child development.
- In addition to the treatment of mental illnesses, the policy also stresses the need to prevent such problems and promote mental health. It places the onus of such promotion on early childhood care itself, by targeting Anganwadi centres for children below six years of age.
- The policy aims to train Anganwadi workers and school teachers to help parents and caregivers understand the “physical and emotional needs of children to facilitate and affirmative and positive environment” for their growth. It also proposes teaching mandatory life skills education in schools and colleges that, among other things, includes discussions on issues of gender and social exclusion.
- To bring down rates of suicide in India, the policy talks of setting up crisis intervention centres, training community leaders to recognize risk factors, restricting access to means of suicide and also framing guidelines for responsible media reporting of the issue.
Over here we conclude our article on IAS Prelims 2019 Important Topics on Current Affairs. Stay tuned with us for the rest of the topic that we will discuss day by day.