How to Read India Yearbook for UPSC Civil Services Exam Preparation

How to Read India Yearbook for UPSC Civil Services Exam Preparation

India Yearbook or India Reference Annual is a compact collection of data based on development activities of the government in rural as well as urban areas. It is published by the Publication Division of Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Govt. of India.

It covers fields like industries, agriculture, finance, infrastructure,  art, culture, science, technology and human resource development. Besides all this important information it also contains list of important events, notes on UTs and even constitutional amendments made during the year in the parliament.


Why India Yearbook is a tricky read for UPSC CSE?

In covering all the sectors of the economy, IYB tends to become a bulky text which is too complicated to grasp easily. It has all the important information from the exam point of view but studying this complex material for the UPSC CSE exam is a big problem that many aspirants face.

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With so much information compiled into a book, a student may get puzzled at the first look. On close analysis of the previous year CSE papers you will figure out that only so topics from IYB are of importance. Infact, some particular topics are important for prelims only while some others are relevant for mains exam only.


How to study India Yearbook for UPSC CSE?

You as students need to know what part of IYB needs to be studied how to gain maximum out of this comprehensive text for your exam.

Here is a list of topics from IYB and the way they need to be studied:

Chapter 1: Land and the People
This chapter is all about physiography of India and has Demographic terminologies and Census 2011 data (latest). This is a very important chapter from prelims as well as mains point of view.

Chapter 2: National Symbols
This is a very important chapter and direct questions can be expected from this one.

Chapter 3: The Polity
This chapter elaborates executive part of the government with rights and basic features of the Constitution. This chapter can be avoided from prelims point of view however, it can be referred to for mains.

Chapter 4: Agriculture
This chapter details programmes and policies related to agriculture in India, different agricultural sectors and recent initiatives. Just reading the introduction part and about new programmes and policies launched by GOI is enough.

Chapter 5: Art and Culture
A detailed study of this topic is important, especially from point of view of mains exam.

Chapter 6: Basic Economic Data
This chapter details statistical institutions in India.  A simple analysis of trends is enough.

Chapter 7: Commerce
This chapter is irrelevant for prelims. However, it is of prime importance from mains point of view.

Chapter 8: Communications
This chapter comprises of  three sections of communication forms i.e. Posts, Telecommunications and Information Technology. The topic of Cyber security is of prime importance. From prelims point of view, this is an important chapter. However, it is not so much relevant for mains.

Chapter 9: Defence
This chapter elaborates on security scenario of India, defence undertakings, training for defence services, etc. Direct questions can be expected from this chapter in both prelims and main exam.

Chapter 10: Education
This chapter covers the policies related to elementary, secondary and higher education system in the country and can be referred to from mains point of view only. New policies are of special importance and need to be studied in detail.

Chapter 11: Energy
This chapter discusses the conventional and nonconventional energy sector in the country. Study this chapter with geographic references in mind and also study in detail about the various initiatives in renewable energy sector. This chapter is important for both prelims and main exams.

Chapter 12: Environment
This is a very important chapter from both prelims and main exam point of view and requires a detailed analysis.

Chapter 13: Finance
This chapter can be given a reading.

Chapter 14: Corporate Affairs
This is a very important chapter and needs to be studied thoroughly.

Chapter 15: Food and Civil Supplies
This one needs to be studied selectively with main focus on food security issues and welfare schemes related to it.

Chapter 16: Health and Family Welfare
Perhaps the most important chapter from the perspective of UPSC CSE exam, this needs to be studied by heart.

Chapter 17: Housing
Not a very important chapter from the point of view of main exams.

Chapter 18: Indian and the World
Through study required for mains as well as prelims.

Chapter 19: Industry
Get through this chapter for writing good essay in mains.

Chapter 20: Justice and Law
Do study this chapter in full detail for both the exams.

Chapter 21: Labour
This one is important from the perspective of writing an essay.

Chapter 22: Mass Communication
Important only for prelims.

Chapter 23: Planning
This chapter required in depth study.

Chapter 24: Rural Development
A very important chapter from the view of both the papers.

Chapter 25: Scientific and Technological Developments
A very important topic that requires detailed study.

Chapter 26: Transport
Study with geographic context for better understanding and relevance.

Chapter 27: Water Resources
This is an important chapter from prelims perspective.

Chapter 28: Welfare
This chapter discusses welfare schemes for the SC/ ST/ OBC/ Minorities/ Women/ Children and needs to be given utmost importance from the perspective of both the papers.

Chapter 29: Youth Affairs and Sports
Study in detail.

Chapter 30: States and Union Territories
This topic requires strict study and memorization from the view of both mains and prelims.

Chapter 31: Diary of National Events
This topic can be ignored in case of shortage of time.

Chapter 32: General Information
This chapter needs to be given just a reading.

Tips for Effectively Reading India Yearbook for UPSC Civil Services Examination 2016

Since all chapters have been laid out in detail, it is time to ponder over some important tips for reading India Yearbook effectively for UPSC Civil Services Exam Preparation.

Tip I: Do not study the topics in a ‘Predefined’ Format

Most education portals will recommend on going chapter by chapter as per book index order but it is advisable to reorganize the topics given in the books category-wise, like this

  • Section 1: Geography, Environment and Biodiversity (Chapters 1, 4, 12, 25, 27, 30)
  • Section 2: Economy and Infrastructure (Chapters 6, 7, 13, 14 & 8, 11, 17, 19, 26)
  • Section 3: Polity, Development and Issues (Chapters 2, 3,10, 15, 16, 20, 21, 23, 24, 28)
  • Section 4: Defence (Chapter 9)
  • Section 5: International Relations (Chapter 18)
  • Section 6: Miscellaneous (Chapters 5, 22, 29, 30, 31, 32)

The objective behind this study tip is to gain maximum knowledge on single subject and then go for a new one.

Tip II: Devise a Proper Format for Studying Organisations and Government Schemes

For Organisations, focus on studying only their roles and objectives. In a separate notebook, write down their nature and functions.

In case of Government Policies and Schemes, Projects, Funds, you should focus on studying primarily about the ministry/ agency it falls under, its main features and its funding sources.

You need to selectively focus on topics in order to maximize your score in UPSC Civil Services Examination.

Tip III: Make a Notebook for Bills, Laws and Acts

The Civil Services Examination give a lot of importance to questions based on Bills, Laws and Acts concerning both the State and Central Government.

Make sure you note down the year in which they were passed, agency they fall under and the central features as well as analysis of prominent laws and bills.

Tip IV: Study Chapter 1 in combination with The Economic Survey

Our previous article focused primarily on how to read Economic Survey for UPSC Civil Services Exam Preparation. Read it properly and then correlate the same with this section.

To prepare a good essay for your CSE Mains Examination, Study Chapter 1 on Land and People along with the Economic Survey of India. It will most definitely benefit you in gaining clarity in the topic.

We conclude our article on effective exam strategy on reading the India Yearbook for UPSC Civil Services Exam Preparation here. If you are preparing for CSE Prelims 2016, make sure you give these articles a thorough read too.

  • IAS Prelims 2016 – How to Prepare for Indian History: Read  
  • IAS Prelims 2016 – How to Prepare for Indian Polity: Read  
  • IAS Prelims 2016 – How to Prepare for Indian Economy: Read  
  • IAS Prelims 2016 – How to Prepare for Ecology and Biodiversity: Read  
  • IAS Prelims 2016 – How to Prepare for Science and Technology: Read
  • IAS Prelims 2016 – How to Prepare for Geography: Read 

Let us know if you have any doubts or queries in the comments section below. All the Best for UPSC Civil Services Exam Preparation.

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