Filter By : Current Affairs International

Today's

Who won the women's title at the Asian Continental Blitz Chess Championship in Chengdu, China?

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India's R Vaishali won the women's title with eight points from nine rounds in the Asian Continental Blitz Chess Championship in Chengdu, China. She won seven games and posted two draws in the nine-round event. Vaishali drew her final round game against Uurtsaikh Uuriintuya of Mongolia to finish half-a-point ahead of Iran's Sarasdat Khademalsharieh and clinch the gold medal.

Who won the men's singles title of the Rome ATP Masters 1000 tennis tournament?

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Alexander Zverev of Germany beat Novak Djokovic of Serbia to win his maiden ATP Masters 1000 title. 20-year-old German dismantled 12-time grand slam champion Djokovic 6-4 6-4 in his first Masters final in Rome.

Name the tennis player who won the women’s singles title of Italian Open.

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Elina Svitolina of Ukraine beat Simona Halep of Romania 4-6, 7-5, 6-1 to win the women’s singles title of the Italian Open. The win was Svitolina’s fourth title of the season after wins in Taipei, Dubai and Istanbul.

NASA scientists named a newly discovered species after the former President of India APJ Abdul Kalam. Where was the new species found?

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In a tribute to the beloved former President of India and aerospace scientist APJ Abdul Kalam, the scientists at NASA have named a new organism discovered by them after him. The species has been named Solibacillus kalamii. Till date, the new organism – a form of bacteria – has been found only on the International Space Station (ISS) and has not been found on earth! 

Who won the Nissan Makati Open Squash tournament?

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Harinder Pal Sandhu of India beat Mohd Syafiq Kamal of Malaysia in straight games to win the Nissan Makati Open Squash tournament. The final was played at Makati City (Philippines). This is the second PSA title for Sandhu in a little over a week and overall it is his sixth career title.

Yesterday's

Which country was defeated by Indian men's archery team to win the gold at the archery World Cup stage I championship in Shanghai, China?

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The Indian men’s compound team won gold on the penultimate day of the archery World Cup stage 1 championship in Shanghai, China. Indian team comprising of Abhishek Verma, Chinna Raju Srither and Amanjeet Singh defeated Colombian team 226-221 to win the gold.

With which country the United States (US) signed $110 billion defence deal to support long-term security of the country?

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US President Donald Trump and King Salman of Saudi Arabia have signed US $110 billion defence deals to support the long term security of Saudi Arabia and the Gulf region in the face of the Iranian influence and Iran related threats.

Who was re-elected as the President of Iran?

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Iran's reformist President Hassan Rouhani decisively won the country's presidential election, fending off a challenge by principal rival Ebrahim Raisi. With all of votes counted, Rouhani was re-elected with 57 percent. He is known as "diplomatic sheikh" owing to his clerical background and role as Iran's chief nuclear negotiator from 2003 to 2005.

The United Nations (UN) observed the World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development on May 21, 2017. When was the Day first observed?

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The United Nations (UN) observed the World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development on May 21, 2017. The Day was first observed in 2003. In 2001, UNESCO adopted the Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity and in December 2002, the UN General Assembly (UNGA) adopted the resolution 57/249 concerning the day.

Where was the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (GPDRR) held recently? 

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Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (GPDRR) began at Cancun, Mexico on May 22 and conclude on May 26, 2017. The Indian side will be represented by Union Minister of State for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju. GPDRR is a global forum for strategic advice, coordination, partnership development and review of progress in the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) 2015-2030.

Name the Indian boy who won the Intel International Science Award at the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair in US.

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An Indian boy named Prashant Ranganathan has won the Intel International Science Award in US in the environmental engineering category for his project on biodegradation of pesticides. Prashant is a 12th grader from Jamshedpur. He won the award at the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair, which is the world's largest pre-college science competition in the US.

What is the theme of 2017 International Day for Biological Diversity (IDB) observed on May 22?

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The International Day for Biological Diversity was observed on May 22, 2017 with the theme “Biodiversity and Sustainable Tourism”. The theme has been chosen to coincide with the observance of 2017 as the International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development as proclaimed by the UN General Assembly (UNGA) in its Resolution 70/193.

21 May 2017

What is the rank of India in UNWTO's World Tourism Barometer as of March 2017?

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In the latest UNWTO’s World Tourism Barometer, as of March 2017, India has been ranked 24th globally as compared to 41st and 40th in 2014 and 2015 respectively. The improvement in rankings happened after India started including non- resident Indians (NRIs) among international tourists against the previous practice of including only Foreign Tourist Arrivals (FTAs).

Which part of earth is becoming more greener due to climate change, according to scientists?

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A team including scientists from the University of Exeter in the UK has found a sharp increase in biological activity on the continent in the last 50 years. In fact, the planet is becoming greener. They tested five cores from three sites and found major biological changes had occurred right across the Antarctic Peninsula. 

Which developed nation has made the childhood vaccinations for 12 diseases compulsory?

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Italy's government declared a new law making vaccinations compulsory for 12 diseases till the age of six – the age at which school attendance becomes compulsory in Italy. The move has been triggered by a spike in measles cases. The 12 conditions which children must have protection against are polio, diphtheria, tetanus, hepatitis B, haemophilus B (Hib), meningitis B and C, measles, rubella, mumps, whooping cough and chickenpox.

The Shinzo Abe government of Japan approved a one-off bill allowing ageing Emperor to step down from the Chrysanthemum Throne, in the first such abdication in two centuries. Who is the Emperor of Japan?

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The Shinzo Abe government of Japan approved a one-off bill allowing ageing Emperor Akihito to step down from the Chrysanthemum Throne, in the first such abdication in two centuries. Abdication must take place within three years of the bill becoming law. As per reports, 83-year-old Akihito could step down at the end of December 2018 and be replaced by Crown Prince Naruhito on January 1, 2019.

20 May 2017

Which gas has been converted into electricity by scientists using bacteria?

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The scientists at Pennsylvania State University in the U.S have used bacteria to turn methane into electricity. They have created a fuel cell which is powered by bacteria. It converts the greenhouse gas into electricity.

An Australian-Chinese research team at RMIT University, Melbourne has created the world's thinnest hologram. In this context, consider the following statements:

I. The 25-nanometre hologram is 1,000 times thinner than a human hair.

II. The nano-hologram can be seen without 3D goggles. 

III. The nano-hologram is based on a topological insulator material - a novel quantum material.

Choose the correct option

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An Australian-Chinese research team at RMIT University, Melbourne has created the world's thinnest hologram. The 25-nanometre is 1,000 times thinner than a human hair and can be seen without 3D goggles. The nano-hologram is based on a topological insulator material - a novel quantum material that holds the low refractive index in the surface layer but the ultrahigh refractive index in the bulk.

According to the World Wildlife Fund for Nature (WWF), the vaquita marina, a tiny porpoise, could become extinct by 2018. The animal is a native to __________.

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The vaquita marina, a tiny porpoise native to Mexico, could be extinct by 2018, if urgent action including a ban on gillnets is not taken, the World Wildlife Fund for Nature (WWF) warned. Fewer than 30 of the rare mammals (Phocoena sinus) still live in the wild, all in the upper Gulf of California. The vaquita population has plummeted 90 percent in less than six years, down from 250 in 2011.

The top three cricket playing nations in the ICC Test Rankings in descending order are

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India retained its top position in ICC Test rankings with 123 points. India is followed by South Africa (117 points) and Australia (100 points). While India and South Africa have made upward movements, Australia, England and Pakistan have headed in the opposite direction.

Which country's parliament has approved a ban on burqa?

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The parliament of Austria has approved burqa ban that will see women wearing full-face veils in public fined 150 euro (or 130 pound) as part of new integration policies. The prohibition will come into effect in October 2017.

19 May 2017

Which of the following is correct with respect to Dan David Prize in news recently?

I. It is a $2 million prize given by Tel Aviv University-based Dan David Foundation.

II. It is given in three categories, namely "Past", "Present" and "Future".

III. The “Present” category winners are drawn from arts, media, policy and economics. 

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The Statement I is wrong because the total prize money of Dan David Prize is $1 million and it is given annually by Dan David Foundation headquartered at Tel Aviv University. It is given in three categories, viz., “Past,” “Present” and “Future”. The “Past” category winners are drawn from the field of history, archaeology, paleontology, biography, etc; the “Present” from arts, media, policy, economics, etc; and the “Future” from one of the exact or natural sciences.

Who was recently nominated for the prestigious Whitley Awards also known as Green Oscars?

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Dr. Purnima Devi Barman, renowned wildlife biologist and conservationist of Assam, has been nominated for the prestigious Whitley Awards also known as the Green Oscars. She has been nominated for her relentless efforts and campaigns for the conservation of the Greater Adjutant Stork locally known as ‘Haargila’ in Assam.

18 May 2017

Which Japanese tennis player was banned for life for his involvement in match-fixing by the Tennis Integrity Unit?

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Japanese player Junn Mitsuhashi has been banned for life following an investigation into match-fixing. The ban was announced by Tennis Integrity Unit, which also imposed a fine of US $50,000 on Mitsuhashi. The ban applies with immediate effect. This means Mitsuhashi, 27, cannot compete in, or attend, any tournament or event organised or sanctioned by the governing bodies of the sport. 

Which of the following MoUs was signed between India and Palestine during the recent state visit of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas to India?

I. MoU on visa exemption for diplomatic passport holder

II. MoU on agriculture cooperation

III. MoU on cooperation in field of IT & Electronics

IV. MoU on cooperation in the field of youth affairs and sports

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India and Palestine signed 5 Memorandum of Understandings (MoUs) during the four-day state visit of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas to India. These were MoU on visa exemption for diplomatic passport holder, agriculture cooperation, cooperation in field of IT & Electronics, health sector and cooperation in the field of youth affairs and sports.

17 May 2017

Which country's supreme court has upheld the ban on Sikhs carrying ceremonial knives?

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The Italian Supreme Court in a major ruling upheld the ban on Sikhs carrying ceremonial knives (kirpan), which is regarded as sacred in Sikh community. It held that migrants who choose to live in Italy must respect Italian laws prohibiting the carrying of weapons.

Which country has declared the state of emergency over cholera outbreak?

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Yemen has declared a state of emergency in the capital city Sanaa, where a deadly outbreak of cholera has spread rapidly. Sanaa is controlled by Iranian-backed Shiite rebels Huthis. This is the second outbreak of cholera in less than a year in Yemen, the Arab world’s poorest country.

By how much amount the International Cricket Council (ICC) has raised the total prize money for Champions Trophy?

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The International Cricket Council (ICC) has hiked the prize money for 2017 Champions Trophy by $500,000, making it $4.5 million with a winner’s share of $2.2 million. The runner-up of the tournament will get a cheque of US $1.1 million, while the other two semifinalists will earn US $450,000 each. Teams finishing third in each group will take home US $90,000 each, while the teams finishing last in each group will get US $60,000 each.

Who was named as the Prime Minister of France by President Emmanuel Macrom?

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The newly-elected French president Emmanuel Macron has named Edouard Philippe as the Prime Minister of France. Philippe, the Mayor of Le Havre, is a member of the centre-right Les Republicains party. At 46, he is the second-youngest Prime Minister of France behind Laurent Fabius, the Socialist PM from 1984 to 1986, who was 37 when appointed.

Which country has agreed with China to minimize South China Sea disputes?

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China and Vietnam released a Joint Statement wherein both sides agreed to “manage and properly control” disagreements on the open seas, vowing “not to take any actions to complication the situation.” China claims 90 percent of the potentially energy-rich South China Sea. Besides Vietnam, Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Taiwan lay claim to parts of the route, through which about $5 trillion of trade passes each year.

Who won the Spanish Grand Prix of Formula One racing?

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Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton of Britain won the Spanish Grand Prix of Formula One racing. This was Hamilton's second win of the season which cut his deficit to Sebastian Vettel in the championship to six points after five of 20 races.

16 May 2017

Which tennis player won the women's singles title of the Madrid Open?

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Exhibiting his flawless show this season on clay tennis court, Rafael Nadal of Spain won the Madrid Open for the fifth time. To win the men’s singles title he defeated Dominic Thiem of Austria. The women’s singles title of the tennis tournament was won by Simona Halep of Romania. She defeated K. Mladenovic of France in the final retain her title.

How many medals were won by India at the recently concluded Asian Wrestling Championship?

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India ended the campaign at the Asian Wrestling Championship in New Delhi on a high note by winning 10 medals at the championship. The 10 medals comprised of 1 Gold, 5 Silver and 4 Bronze. For India, the lone gold was won by Bajrang Punia in the 65-kg freestyle category.

To perform imaging of which human part scientists have developed the first-ever 'capsule robot'?

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The US Scientists have used a tiny capsule guided by an external magnet attached to a robotic arm to successfully perform intricate manoeuvres inside the colon, an advance that will reduce discomfort of colonoscopies. Researchers hope that the 18-millimetre capsule robot could be used safely and effectively in the future on humans to identify and remove pre-cancerous lesions and tumours detected during colonoscopy.

Who has topped the Forbes magazine's annual list of the 100 best venture capitalists?

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The Forbes 'Midas 2017' comprises 100 best venture capitalists in the world. The list has been topped by Jim Goetz, Partner in Sequoia Capital. He retains the top spot three years after the monumental sale of messaging giant WhatsApp to Facebook for nearly US $22 billion. The list also comprises of eleven Indian-American investors.

Which two countries have called for the EU mission between Libya and Niger to stem migrant crossings to Europe?

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The Germany and Italy have called for an EU mission to be installed on the border between Libya and Niger to stem migrant crossings to Europe. To close the migrant route from Niger to Libya, both the countries are seeking "support for growth and development programmes in local communities" along the border.

India and Singapore Navies will start joint naval exercise SIMBEX from May 18, 2017. In which year the bilateral exercise first started?

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India and Singapore Navies will start joint naval exercise SIMBEX from May 18, 2017 off the coast of Singapore. Both countries have been conducting the bilateral exercise ‘SIMBEX’ since 1994. Defence cooperation between India and Singapore is robust and is primarily focused towards Maritime Cooperation. India signed a Defence Cooperation Agreement in 2003, which was renewed in 2015.

15 May 2017

Which football club won the English Premier League title?

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Chelsea coached by Antonio Conte won the English Premier League title with two games to spare. They won it after their 1-0 win over West Brom. The lone goal was scored by Michy Batshuayi. Chelsea has been crowned champions for the sixth time in their history.

Who won the first gold medal for India at the Asian Wrestling Championship at New Delhi?

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Bajrang Punia won for India its first gold medal on the penultimate day of Asian Wrestling Championship at New Delhi. He defeated South Korea’s Seunghui Lee 6-2 in the men’s 65kg freestyle category to win the gold.

What is the name of malicious software that infects a computer and restricts users' access to it until a ransom is paid to unlock it?

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Many organisations in nearly 100 countries, including India, have come under a massive cyber-attack. The cyber-attack has been named “Ransomware” and it was first reported from Sweden, Britain and France. Ransomware is a type of malicious software that infects a computer and restricts users' access to it until a ransom is paid to unlock it. It demands users pay US $300 worth of cryptocurrency Bitcoin to retrieve their files. The malware spreads through e-mail.

14 May 2017

What is the theme of International Nurses Day for the year 2017?

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On the eve of International Nurses Day, the President of India Pranab Mukherjee conferred the Florence Nightingale Awards to 35 nurses from across the country. The Florence Nightingale Awards carries Rs.50,000 cash, a certificate, a citation certificate and a Medal.

Which of the following was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi during International Vesak Day celebrations in Colombo?

I. Announcement of gifting 16000 handcrafted Indian candles made from paraffin wax.

II. Announcement of direct flight between Colombo and Varanasi.

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The International Vesak Day was celebrated in Colombo on May 12, 2017 with the theme Social Justice and Sustainable World Peace. The day commemorates the birth, enlightenment and death of Buddha. Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the chief guest of the celebrations, on this occasion gifted 16,000 handcrafted Indian candles to Sri Lanka and announced direct flight between Colombo and Varanasi.

Where was the 19th Session of India-Italy Joint Commission for Economic Cooperation held?

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The 19th Session of India-Italy Joint Commission for Economic Cooperation was held from May 11 to May 12, 2017 in Rome. The Joint Commission was co-chaired by the Italian Minister of Economic Development Carlo Calenda and by the Indian Minister of Commerce and Industry Nirmala Sitharaman.

With which country did India sign an MoU for cooperation in urban transport sector?

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India and the UK today agreed to sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in the urban transport sector for cooperation in policy planning, technology transfer and institutional organisation. The MoU was signed between the Transport for London (TfL) and the Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. 

At which stock exchange was the NHAI Masala Bond launched?

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The Union Minister of Road Transport & Highways and Shipping Nitin Gadkari launched the NHAI Masala Bond issue at the London Stock Exchange. Masala Bond is used to refer to rupee-denominated borrowings by Indian entities in overseas markets. It was first issued by International Finance Corporation (IFC) in November 2014.

In which country was the Ebola outbreak declared by World Health Organisation (WHO) recently?

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The World Health Organisation (WHO) has declared the outbreak of Ebola disease in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The outbreak was declared after one person who died of hemorrhagic fever tested positive for the virus. The last outbreak of Ebola in the DRC in 2014 killed at least 42 people.

Who was appointed as the next UN humanitarian chief by UN Secretary-General?

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The UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres appointed British humanitarian expert Mark Lowcock to be the next UN humanitarian chief. He will replace Undersecretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Stephen O'Brien in September 2017. 

13 May 2017

Which retired Indian Judge was elected as head of the FIFA's Governance Committee?

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Justice (Retd.) Mukul Mudgal was elected as head of FIFA's governance committee at the world football governing body's 67th Congress in Manama, Bahrain. He will replace Miguel Maduro, who was reportedly 'fired' for his role in blocking Russian World Cup official Vitaly Mutko from retaining his seat on ruling council.

Consider the following statements  with respect to Femto experimental satellite which was in news recently:

I. It is the only satellite from India that has been selected by NASA to be launched in the sub-orbital space by SR 4 rocket.

II. It has been developed by Md. Rifath Shaarook with a group of five other students.

III. The satellite weighing 64 gms is made of reinforced carbon fibre with 3-D printing technology at a cost of Rs.1 lakh.

Choose the correct option

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An experimental satellite Femto has been the only model selected from India to be launched in the sub-orbital space by SR 4 rocket. The experimental satellite has been developed by Karur-based 18-year old student Md. Rifath Shaarook with a group of five other students. The satellite weighing 64 gms is made of reinforced carbon fibre with 3-D printing technology at a cost of Rs.1 lakh.

Who was elected as the new prime minister of Bahamas?

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Hubert Minnis, the leader of the Free National Party, won the general elections to become the country’s next prime minister. He defeated the incumbent Perry Christie, leader of Progressive Liberal Party, who conceded defeat.

Which country has declared end to national Zika emergncy?

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Brazil has declared an end to its public health emergency for the Zika virus, 18 months after a surge in cases drew headlines around the world. The mosquito-borne virus wasn’t considered a major health threat until the 2015 outbreak revealed that Zika could lead to severe birth defects. One of those defects, microcephaly, caused babies to be born with skulls much smaller than expected.

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