CE-Civil Exam

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an all-India examination that primarily tests the comprehensive understanding of various undergraduate subjects in engineering and science. GATE is conducted every year jointly by the Indian Institute of Science and seven Indian Institutes of Technology (Bombay, Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras, Roorkee, & Guwahati) on a rotational basis on behalf of the National Coordination Board – GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD), Government of India.

The Organizing Institute for GATE 2017 is Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee. and the exam will be conducted between 4th-12th Feb,2017.

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GATE 2017: Introduction, Eligibility, Application Procedure, Exam Pattern, Syllabus, Preparation Strategy.

What is GATE?

Introduction

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an All India Entrance Examination conducted jointly by IISc and seven IITs, every year in the month of January/February. The GATE score/Rank is used for admissions to Post graduate Programmes (ME, M.Tech, MS, direct PhD) in IISc, IITs and other prestigious Institutes / Universities in India, with financial assistance provided by MHRD. The GATE Score may also be used by PSUs for recruitment of candidates for prestigious jobs with attractive salary packages. Some of the PSUs which use GATE score for providing jobs include BARC, BHEL, IOCL, HPCL, NTPC, Power Grid, NHPC etc. GATE exam primarily tests the comprehensive understanding of the candidate in various undergraduate subjects in Engineering. The GATE score reflects the relative performance level in a particular branch. GATE score is valid for three years.

What is the Eligibility Criteria for GATE?

GATE 2017 Eligibility Criteria

Candidates with any of the following qualifications are eligible to appear in GATE 2017.

1. Bachelor’s degree in Engineering/Technology (4 years after 10+2 or 3 years after Diploma in Engineering/ Technology) and those who are in the final year of such programs.

2. Bachelor’s degree in Architecture (Five years course) and those who are in the final year such programs.

3. Bachelor’s degree of Four-year program in Science (B.S.) and those who are in the final year of such program.

4. Master’s degree in any branch of Science/Mathematics/Statistics/Computer Applications or equivalent and those who are in the final year of such programs.

5. Four-year integrated Master’s degree (Post-B.Sc.) in Engineering/Technology and those in the second or higher year of such program.

6. Five-year integrated Master’s degree or Dual Degree in Engineering/Technology and those in the fourth or higher year of such program.

7. Five-year integrated M.Sc. or Five year integrated B.Sc. /M.Sc. degree and those in the final year of such programs.

8. Candidates with qualifications obtained through examinations conducted by professional societies recognized by UPSC/AICTE as equivalent to B.E./B.Tech. Those who have completed section A of AMIE or equivalent of such professional courses are also eligible.

9. GATE candidates from Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka and UAE should have completed Bachelor’s degree in Engineering or Master’s degree in Science in a relevant subject or are in the final year of the program.

If a candidate fails to satisfy the eligibility criteria, he/ she cannot appear for the written examination for GATE 2017.

If a candidate fails the satisfy the eligibility criteria, he/ she cannot appear for the written examination for GATE 2017.

How to Apply for GATE?

GATE 2017 Application Procedure

GATE 2017 Examination for all the trades/ fields will be conducted online or Computer Based Test. The Online Registration Form or GATE Application Form will be submitted through GATE Online Application Processing System (GOAPS).

GATE 2017 Application Fees

The Application Fees for GATE 2017 Examination will also be submitted online and can be done through Net Banking, Debit/ Credit card or e-Challan.

GATE 2017 Application Fees

For Women Candidates Rs. 750/-
For SC/ ST/ PwD Category Candidates Rs. 750/-
For All Other Candidates Rs. 1500/-

 

What is the Exam Pattern for GATE?

GATE 2017 Exam Pattern

All the papers of GATE will be conducted by an ONLINE Computer Based Test (CBT). The GATE Examination consists of a single paper of 3-hour duration that contains 65 questions carrying a maximum of 100 marks. The GATE paper consists of questions of the following types:

1. Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) carrying 1 or 2 marks each; Each of  the multiple choice objective questions in all papers and sections contain four answer choices, out of which you have to select correct answer.

2. Numerical Answer Questions (NAQ) carrying 1 or 2 marks each; The answer is a real number, which you have to enter on the computer screen. No choices are shown for this type of questions.

For numerical answer type questions, the candidates have to enter a number as the answer using a virtual key board.

There will be negative marking for the multiple choice type questions.

-->For, 1-mark multiple-choice questions, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer.

-->For 2-mark multiple-choice questions, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer.

There is NO negative marking for numerical answer type questions.

In all the papers, there will be a total of 65 questions carrying 100 marks.Out of these 65 questions, 10 questions carrying a total of 15 marks will be on General Aptitude (GA). Rest of the 55 questions will be from Technical and Engineering Mathematics section.

GATE 2017 Civil Engineering Syllabus

General Aptitude(GA): Common Syllabus for all papers

The GATE CE Syllabus consists of GA section which will follow the same pattern of questions and marking scheme for all the papers of GATE 2017. This section is considered to be easy and will test your English skills and general numeric ability.

Verbal Ability: English grammar, sentence completion, verbal analogies, word groups, instructions, critical reasoning and verbal deduction.

Numerical Ability: Numerical computation, numerical estimation, numerical reasoning and data interpretation.

Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

This section of GATE CE Syllabus carries a lot of weightage of marks. The questions will test your practical and theoretical skills that are typically used in the engineering industry.

  • Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra; Systems of linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen vectors.
  • Calculus: Functions of single variable; Limit, continuity and differentiability; Mean value theorems, local maxima and minima, Taylor and Maclaurin series; Evaluation of definite and indefinite integrals, application of definite integral to obtain area and volume; Partial derivatives; Total derivative; Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.
  • Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE): First order (linear and non-linear) equations; higher order linear equations with constant coefficients; Euler-Cauchy equations; Laplace transform and its application in solving linear ODEs; initial and boundary value problems.
  • Partial Differential Equation (PDE): Fourier series; separation of variables; solutions of one dimensional diffusion equation; first and second order one-dimensional wave equation and two-dimensional Laplace equation.
  • Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems; Conditional probability; Discrete Random variables: Poisson and Binomial distributions; Continuous random variables: normal and exponential distributions; Descriptive statistics – Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Hypothesis testing.
  • Numerical Methods: Accuracy and precision; error analysis. Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; Least square approximation, Newton’s and Lagrange polynomials, numerical differentiation, Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, single and multi-step methods for first order differential equations.

Section 2: Structural Engineering

This section of GATE CE syllabus deals with the understanding of structural mechanics and analysis.

  • Engineering Mechanics: System of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations; Internal forces in structures; Friction and its applications; Kinematics of point mass and rigid body; Centre of mass; Euler’s equations of motion; Impulse-momentum; Energy methods; Principles of virtual work.
  • Solid Mechanics: Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams; Simple stress and strain relationships; Theories of failures; Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, shear centre; Uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.
  • Structural Analysis: Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods; Method of superposition; Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames; Displacement methods: Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Influence lines; Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis.
  • Construction Materials and Management: Construction Materials: Structural steel – composition, material properties and behaviour; Concrete – constituents, mix design, short-term and long-term properties; Bricks and mortar; Timber; Bitumen. Construction Management: Types of construction projects; Tendering and construction contracts; Rate analysis and standard specifications; Cost estimation; Project planning and network analysis – PERT and CPM.
  • Concrete Structures: Working stress, Limit state and Ultimate load design concepts; Design of beams, slabs, columns; Bond and development length; Prestressed concrete; Analysis of beam sections at transfer and service loads.
  • Steel Structures: Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of tension and compression members, beams and beam- columns, column bases; Connections – simple and eccentric, beam-column connections, plate girders and trusses; Plastic analysis of beams and frames.

Section 3: Geotechnical Engineering

This section of GATE CE syllabus has the most complex syllabus of all. It deals with the geological aspects of civil engineering like rock mechanics, foundation constructions etc.

  • Soil Mechanics: Origin of soils, soil structure and fabric; Three-phase system and phase relationships, index properties; Unified and Indian standard soil classification system; Permeability – one dimensional flow, Darcy’s law; Seepage through soils – two-dimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping; Principle of effective stress, capillarity, seepage force and quicksand condition; Compaction in laboratory and field conditions; One dimensional consolidation, time rate of consolidation; Mohr’s circle, stress paths, effective and total shear strength parameters, characteristics of clays and sand.
  • Foundation Engineering: Sub-surface investigations – scope, drilling bore holes, sampling, plate load test, standard penetration and cone penetration tests; Earth pressure theories – Rankine and Coulomb; Stability of slopes- finite and infinite slopes, method of slices and Bishop’s method; Stress distribution in soils- Boussinesq’s and Westergaard’s theories, pressure bulbs; Shallow foundations- Terzaghi’s and Meyerhoff’s bearing capacity theories, effect of water table; Combined footing and raft foundation; Contact pressure; Settlement analysis in sands and clays; Deep foundations- types of piles, dynamic and static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile load test, negative skin friction.

Section 4: Water Resources Engineering

This section of GATE Civil Engineering consists of designing new systems or upgrading current ones that help manage water resources.

  • Fluid Mechanics: Properties of fluids, fluid statics; Continuity, momentum, energy and corresponding equations; Potential flow, applications of momentum and energy equations; Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes, pipe networks; Concept of boundary layer and its growth.
  • Hydraulics: Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude; Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles; Basics of hydraulic machines, specific speed of pumps and turbines; Channel Hydraulics – Energy-depth relationships, specific energy, critical flow, slope profile, hydraulic jump, uniform flow and gradually varied flow.
  • Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapo-transpiration, watershed, infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, flood estimation and routing, reservoir capacity, reservoir and channel routing, surface run-off models, ground water hydrology – steady state well hydraulics and aquifers; Application of Darcy’s law.
  • Irrigation: Duty, delta, estimation of evapo-transpiration; Crop water requirements; Design of lined and unlined canals, head works, gravity dams and spillways; Design of weirs on permeable foundation; Types of irrigation systems, irrigation methods; Water logging and drainage; Canal regulatory works, cross-drainage structures, outlets and escapes.

Section 5: Environmental Engineering

This section of GATE CE Syllabus is the most creative one wherein the candidates study the issues of environmental mechanics. It deals with the study of pollution levels and finding plausible solutions for environment conservation.

  • Water and Waste Water: Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water treatment. Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater. Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater, effluent discharge standards. Domestic wastewater treatment, quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment. Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal.
  • Air Pollution: Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution control, air quality standards and limits.
  • Municipal Solid Wastes: Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal).
  • Noise Pollution: Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of noise pollution.

Section 6: Transportation Engineering

This section of GATE CE syllabus deals with urban planning, technical forecasting, planning, designing, maintaining and operating transportation facilities.

  • Transportation Infrastructure: Highway alignment and engineering surveys; Geometric design of highways – cross-sectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments; Geometric design of railway track; Airport runway length, taxiway and exit taxiway design.
  • Highway Pavements: Highway materials – desirable properties and quality control tests; Design of bituminous paving mixes; Design factors for flexible and rigid pavements; Design of flexible pavement using IRC: 37-2012; Design of rigid pavements using IRC: 58-2011; Distresses in concrete pavements.
  • Traffic Engineering: Traffic studies on flow, speed, travel time – delay and O-D study, PCU, peak hour factor, parking study, accident study and analysis, statistical analysis of traffic data; Microscopic and macroscopic parameters of traffic flow, fundamental relationships; Control devices, signal design by Webster’s method; Types of intersections and channelization; Highway capacity and level of service of rural highways and urban roads.

Section 7: Geomatics Engineering

This section of GATE CE Syllabus is less complex than the others and basically deals with the aspects of land surveying and spatial data management.

  • Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps – scale, coordinate system; Distance and angle measurement – Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey; Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves. Photogrammetry – scale, flying height; Remote sensing – basics, platform and sensors, visual image interpretation; Basics of Geographical information system (GIS) and Geographical Positioning system (GPS).

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When to start your preparation for GATE?

Many would say that 3 to 4 months of serious preparation is enough for getting an under 500 AIR but keeping in mind the intense competition that is increasing year after year, it is suggested that you start your GATE preparation at the earliest.

How to prepare for GATE?

In order to crack GATE, you must first go through the entire syllabus word by word. Read and remember every topic of every subject that is mentioned in the GATE syllabus. You must know, very clearly, what to study and what not to study. 

Once you are thorough with the GATE syllabus, you are ready to begin your preparation for GATE.

It is very important for you to have a study plan if you want to get a good score in GATE examination. Most of the previous GATE toppers have followed the steps mentioned below in one way or the other. You need to do the same if you want to achieve what they have achieved.

1. Get previous years solved question papers for GATE

You must make sure that you have access to solutions of previously asked questions in GATE. There are a lot of options available in the market. Get your hands on any one of them. This you must carry with you all the time. You need to refer to it again and again. 

2. Analyse the paper trend

Every exam has its own trends and patterns. Refer to the syllabus and previous years papers and analyse the paper pattern of the GATE exam. All subjects don't carry equal marks in GATE. There are few subjects from which more number of questions are asked. Similarly there are few topics in every subject from which questions are being asked on a regular basis every year. After performing the above mentioned analysis, you will have a very good idea of the latest GATE paper trend.

3. Make a priority list of subjects and topics

Based on the marks and preference given to various subjects, decide what subjects you need to give priority to. Do a similar exercise for topics inside a particular subject. Given the vastness of the syllabus, it is very important for you to perform this exercise and create a priority list of subjects and topics. 

4. Allocate realistic time to topics and subjects

You must allocate realistic time to every topic of every subject based on their priority. Try to distribute your time so that you cover the top three topics of every subject first and then move down to subjects and topics of lesser priority.

5. Read, practice and revise

Read a topic and then solve the previous years questions asked from that topic. Do it for every topic of every subject. Stick to a time table, read the chapters, solve the previous years questions and take tests periodically to enhance your performance. Make sure that you revise the difficult topics and subjects periodically to optimize your efforts.

6. Finish your preparation well in advance.

You must make sure that you follow a time table that allows you to complete your preparation about a month before your actual GATE examination. You must use this last month to get ahead of the competition by solving as many questions as possible, taking as many mock tests as you can and working as hard as possible on your speed and accuracy. This is the step majority of the aspirants fail to take. Ensure that you follow this last step and rest assured that you will succeed in the GATE examination.

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