EE-Electrical Exam

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an all-India examination that primarily tests the comprehensive understanding of various undergraduate subjects in engineering and science. GATE is conducted every year jointly by the Indian Institute of Science and seven Indian Institutes of Technology (Bombay, Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras, Roorkee, & Guwahati) on a rotational basis on behalf of the National Coordination Board – GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD), Government of India.

The Organizing Institute for GATE 2017 is Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee. and the exam will be conducted between 4th-12th Feb,2017.



GATE 2017: Introduction, Eligibility, Application Procedure, Exam Pattern, Syllabus, Preparation Strategy.

What is GATE?

Introduction

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an All India Entrance Examination conducted jointly by IISc and seven IITs, every year in the month of January/February. The GATE score/Rank is used for admissions to Post graduate Programmes (ME, M.Tech, MS, direct PhD) in IISc, IITs and other prestigious Institutes / Universities in India, with financial assistance provided by MHRD. The GATE Score may also be used by PSUs for recruitment of candidates for prestigious jobs with attractive salary packages. Some of the PSUs which use GATE score for providing jobs include BARC, BHEL, IOCL, HPCL, NTPC, Power Grid, NHPC etc. GATE exam primarily tests the comprehensive understanding of the candidate in various undergraduate subjects in Engineering. The GATE score reflects the relative performance level in a particular branch. GATE score is valid for three years.

What is the Eligibility Criteria for GATE?

GATE 2017 Eligibility Criteria

Candidates with any of the following qualifications are eligible to appear in GATE 2017.

1. Bachelor’s degree in Engineering/Technology (4 years after 10+2 or 3 years after Diploma in Engineering/ Technology) and those who are in the final year of such programs.

2. Bachelor’s degree in Architecture (Five years course) and those who are in the final year such programs.

3. Bachelor’s degree of Four-year program in Science (B.S.) and those who are in the final year of such program.

4. Master’s degree in any branch of Science/Mathematics/Statistics/Computer Applications or equivalent and those who are in the final year of such programs.

5. Four-year integrated Master’s degree (Post-B.Sc.) in Engineering/Technology and those in the second or higher year of such program.

6. Five-year integrated Master’s degree or Dual Degree in Engineering/Technology and those in the fourth or higher year of such program.

7. Five-year integrated M.Sc. or Five year integrated B.Sc. /M.Sc. degree and those in the final year of such programs.

8. Candidates with qualifications obtained through examinations conducted by professional societies recognized by UPSC/AICTE as equivalent to B.E./B.Tech. Those who have completed section A of AMIE or equivalent of such professional courses are also eligible.

9. GATE candidates from Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka and UAE should have completed Bachelor’s degree in Engineering or Master’s degree in Science in a relevant subject or are in the final year of the program.

If a candidate fails to satisfy the eligibility criteria, he/ she cannot appear for the written examination for GATE 2017.

If a candidate fails the satisfy the eligibility criteria, he/ she cannot appear for the written examination for GATE 2017.

How to Apply for GATE?

GATE 2017 Application Procedure

GATE 2017 Examination for all the trades/ fields will be conducted online or Computer Based Test. The Online Registration Form or GATE Application Form will be submitted through GATE Online Application Processing System (GOAPS).

GATE 2017 Application Fees

The Application Fees for GATE 2017 Examination will also be submitted online and can be done through Net Banking, Debit/ Credit card or e-Challan.

GATE 2017 Application Fees

For Women Candidates Rs. 750/-
For SC/ ST/ PwD Category Candidates Rs. 750/-
For All Other Candidates Rs. 1500/-

 

What is the Exam Pattern for GATE?

GATE 2017 Exam Pattern

All the papers of GATE will be conducted by an ONLINE Computer Based Test (CBT). The GATE Examination consists of a single paper of 3-hour duration that contains 65 questions carrying a maximum of 100 marks. The GATE paper consists of questions of the following types:

1. Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) carrying 1 or 2 marks each; Each of  the multiple choice objective questions in all papers and sections contain four answer choices, out of which you have to select correct answer.

2. Numerical Answer Questions (NAQ) carrying 1 or 2 marks each; The answer is a real number, which you have to enter on the computer screen. No choices are shown for this type of questions.

For numerical answer type questions, the candidates have to enter a number as the answer using a virtual key board.

There will be negative marking for the multiple choice type questions.

-->For, 1-mark multiple-choice questions, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer.

-->For 2-mark multiple-choice questions, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer.

There is NO negative marking for numerical answer type questions.

In all the papers, there will be a total of 65 questions carrying 100 marks.Out of these 65 questions, 10 questions carrying a total of 15 marks will be on General Aptitude (GA). Rest of the 55 questions will be from Technical and Engineering Mathematics section.

What is the Syllabus for GATE Electrial Engineering?

GATE 2017 Electrical Engineering Syllabus

General Aptitude(GA): Common Syllabus for all papers

The GATE EE Syllabus consists of GA section which will follow the same pattern of questions and marking scheme for all the papers of GATE 2017. This section is considered to be easy and will test your English skills and general numeric ability.

Verbal Ability: English grammar, sentence completion, verbal analogies, word groups, instructions, critical reasoning and verbal deduction.

Numerical Ability: Numerical computation, numerical estimation, numerical reasoning and data interpretation.

Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

This section of GATE EE Syllabus consists of testing your practical and theoretical skills that are typically used in the engineering industry.

  • Linear Algebra: Matrix Algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues, Eigenvectors.
  • Calculus: Mean value theorems, Theorems of integral calculus, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial Derivatives, Maxima and minima, Multiple integrals, Fourier series, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line integral, Surface integral, Volume integral, Stokes’s theorem, Gauss’s theorem, Green’s theorem.
  • Differential equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Method of variation of parameters, Cauchy’s equation, Euler’s equation, Initial and boundary value problems, Partial Differential Equations, Method of separation of variables.
  • Complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula, Taylor series, Laurent series, Residue theorem, Solution integrals.
  • Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, Median, Mode, Standard Deviation, Random variables, Discrete and Continuous distributions, Poisson distribution, Normal distribution, Binomial distribution, Correlation analysis, Regression analysis.
  • Numerical Methods: Solutions of nonlinear algebraic equations, Single and Multi‐step methods for differential equations.
  • Transform Theory: Fourier Transform, Laplace Transform, z‐Transform.
  • Electrical Engineering

Section 2: Electric Circuits

  • Network graph, KCL, KVL, Node and Mesh analysis, Transient response of dc and ac networks, Sinusoidal steady‐state analysis, Resonance, Passive filters, Ideal current and voltage sources, Thevenin’s theorem, Norton’s theorem, Superposition theorem, Maximum power transfer theorem, Two‐port networks, Three phase circuits, Power and power factor in ac circuits.

Section 3: Electromagnetic Fields

  • Coulomb’s Law, Electric Field Intensity, Electric Flux Density, Gauss’s Law, Divergence, Electric field and potential due to point, line, plane and spherical charge distributions, Effect of dielectric medium, Capacitance of simple configurations, Biot‐Savart’s law, Ampere’s law, Curl, Faraday’s law, Lorentz force, Inductance, Magnetomotive force, Reluctance, Magnetic circuits,Self and Mutual inductance of simple configurations.

Section 4: Signals and Systems

  • Representation of continuous and discrete‐time signals, Shifting and scaling operations, Linear Time Invariant and Causal systems, Fourier series representation of continuous periodic signals, Sampling theorem, Applications of Fourier Transform, Laplace Transform and z-Transform.

Section 5: Electrical Machines

  • Single phase transformer: equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, open circuit and short circuit tests, regulation and efficiency; Three phase transformers: connections, parallel operation; Auto‐transformer, Electromechanical energy conversion principles, DC machines: separately excited, series and shunt, motoring and generating mode of operation and their characteristics, starting and speed control of dc motors; Three phase induction motors: principle of operation, types, performance, torque-speed characteristics, no-load and blocked rotor tests, equivalent circuit, starting and speed control; Operating principle of single phase induction motors; Synchronous machines: cylindrical and salient pole machines, performance, regulation and parallel operation of generators, starting of synchronous motor, characteristics; Types of losses and efficiency calculations of electric machines.

Section 6: Power Systems

  • Power generation concepts, ac and dc transmission concepts, Models and performance of transmission lines and cables, Series and shunt compensation, Electric field distribution and insulators, Distribution systems, Per‐unit quantities, Bus admittance matrix, GaussSeidel and Newton-Raphson load flow methods, Voltage and Frequency control, Power factor correction, Symmetrical components, Symmetrical and unsymmetrical fault analysis, Principles of over‐current, differential and distance protection; Circuit breakers, System stability concepts, Equal area criterion.

Section 7: Control Systems

  • Mathematical modeling and representation of systems, Feedback principle, transfer function, Block diagrams and Signal flow graphs, Transient and Steady‐state analysis of linear time invariant systems, Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist criteria, Bode plots, Root loci, Stability analysis, Lag, Lead and Lead‐Lag compensators; P, PI and PID controllers; State space model, State transition matrix.

Section 8: Electrical and Electronic Measurements

  • Bridges and Potentiometers, Measurement of voltage, current, power, energy and power factor; Instrument transformers, Digital voltmeters and multimeters, Phase, Time and Frequency measurement; Oscilloscopes, Error analysis.

Section 9: Analog and Digital Electronics

  • Characteristics of diodes, BJT, MOSFET; Simple diode circuits: clipping, clamping, rectifiers; Amplifiers: Biasing, Equivalent circuit and Frequency response; Oscillators and Feedback amplifiers; Operational amplifiers: Characteristics and applications; Simple active filters, VCOs and Timers, Combinational and Sequential logic circuits, Multiplexer, Demultiplexer, Schmitt trigger, Sample and hold circuits, A/D and D/A converters, 8085Microprocessor: Architecture, Programming and Interfacing.

Section 10: Power Electronics

  • Characteristics of semiconductor power devices: Diode, Thyristor, Triac, GTO, MOSFET, IGBT; DC to DC conversion: Buck, Boost and Buck-Boost converters; Single and three phase configuration of uncontrolled rectifiers, Line commutated thyristor based converters, Bidirectional ac to dc voltage source converters, Issues of line current harmonics, Power factor, Distortion factor of ac to dc converters, Single phase and three phase inverters, Sinusoidal pulse width modulation.

When to start your preparation for GATE?

Many would say that 3 to 4 months of serious preparation is enough for getting an under 500 AIR but keeping in mind the intense competition that is increasing year after year, it is suggested that you start your GATE preparation at the earliest.

How to prepare for GATE?

In order to crack GATE, you must first go through the entire syllabus word by word. Read and remember every topic of every subject that is mentioned in the GATE syllabus. You must know, very clearly, what to study and what not to study.

Once you are thorough with the GATE syllabus, you are ready to begin your preparation for GATE.

It is very important for you to have a study plan if you want to get a good score in GATE examination. Most of the previous GATE toppers have followed the steps mentioned below in one way or the other. You need to do the same if you want to achieve what they have achieved.

1. Get previous years solved question papers for GATE

You must make sure that you have access to solutions of previously asked questions in GATE. There are a lot of options available in the market. Get your hands on any one of them. This you must carry with you all the time. You need to refer to it again and again.

2. Analyse the paper trend

Every exam has its own trends and patterns. Refer to the syllabus and previous years papers and analyse the paper pattern of the GATE exam. All subjects don't carry equal marks in GATE. There are few subjects from which more number of questions are asked. Similarly there are few topics in every subject from which questions are being asked on a regular basis every year. After performing the above mentioned analysis, you will have a very good idea of the latest GATE paper trend.

3. Make a priority list of subjects and topics

Based on the marks and preference given to various subjects, decide what subjects you need to give priority to. Do a similar exercise for topics inside a particular subject. Given the vastness of the syllabus, it is very important for you to perform this exercise and create a priority list of subjects and topics.

4. Allocate realistic time to topics and subjects

You must allocate realistic time to every topic of every subject based on their priority. Try to distribute your time so that you cover the top three topics of every subject first and then move down to subjects and topics of lesser priority.

5. Read, practice and revise

Read a topic and then solve the previous years questions asked from that topic. Do it for every topic of every subject. Stick to a time table, read the chapters, solve the previous years questions and take tests periodically to enhance your performance. Make sure that you revise the difficult topics and subjects periodically to optimize your efforts.

6. Finish your preparation well in advance.

You must make sure that you follow a time table that allows you to complete your preparation about a month before your actual GATE examination. You must use this last month to get ahead of the competition by solving as many questions as possible, taking as many mock tests as you can and working as hard as possible on your speed and accuracy. This is the step majority of the aspirants fail to take. Ensure that you follow this last step and rest assured that you will succeed in the GATE examination.

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