ME-Mechanical Exam

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an all-India examination that primarily tests the comprehensive understanding of various undergraduate subjects in engineering and science. GATE is conducted every year jointly by the Indian Institute of Science and seven Indian Institutes of Technology (Bombay, Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras, Roorkee, & Guwahati) on a rotational basis on behalf of the National Coordination Board – GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD), Government of India.

The Organizing Institute for GATE 2017 is Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee. and the exam will be conducted between 4th-12th Feb,2017.

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GATE 2017: Introduction, Eligibility, Application Procedure, Exam Pattern, Syllabus, Preparation Strategy.

What is GATE?


Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an All India Entrance Examination conducted jointly by IISc and seven IITs, every year in the month of January/February. The GATE score/Rank is used for admissions to Post graduate Programmes (ME, M.Tech, MS, direct PhD) in IISc, IITs and other prestigious Institutes / Universities in India, with financial assistance provided by MHRD. The GATE Score may also be used by PSUs for recruitment of candidates for prestigious jobs with attractive salary packages. Some of the PSUs which use GATE score for providing jobs include BARC, BHEL, IOCL, HPCL, NTPC, Power Grid, NHPC etc. GATE exam primarily tests the comprehensive understanding of the candidate in various undergraduate subjects in Engineering. The GATE score reflects the relative performance level in a particular branch. GATE score is valid for three years.

What is the Eligibility Criteria for GATE?

GATE 2017 Eligibility Criteria

Candidates with any of the following qualifications are eligible to appear in GATE 2017.

1. Bachelor’s degree in Engineering/Technology (4 years after 10+2 or 3 years after Diploma in Engineering/ Technology) and those who are in the final year of such programs.

2. Bachelor’s degree in Architecture (Five years course) and those who are in the final year such programs.

3. Bachelor’s degree of Four-year program in Science (B.S.) and those who are in the final year of such program.

4. Master’s degree in any branch of Science/Mathematics/Statistics/Computer Applications or equivalent and those who are in the final year of such programs.

5. Four-year integrated Master’s degree (Post-B.Sc.) in Engineering/Technology and those in the second or higher year of such program.

6. Five-year integrated Master’s degree or Dual Degree in Engineering/Technology and those in the fourth or higher year of such program.

7. Five-year integrated M.Sc. or Five year integrated B.Sc. /M.Sc. degree and those in the final year of such programs.

8. Candidates with qualifications obtained through examinations conducted by professional societies recognized by UPSC/AICTE as equivalent to B.E./B.Tech. Those who have completed section A of AMIE or equivalent of such professional courses are also eligible.

9. GATE candidates from Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka and UAE should have completed Bachelor’s degree in Engineering or Master’s degree in Science in a relevant subject or are in the final year of the program.

If a candidate fails to satisfy the eligibility criteria, he/ she cannot appear for the written examination for GATE 2017.

If a candidate fails the satisfy the eligibility criteria, he/ she cannot appear for the written examination for GATE 2017.

How to Apply for GATE?

GATE 2017 Application Procedure

GATE 2017 Examination for all the trades/ fields will be conducted online or Computer Based Test. The Online Registration Form or GATE Application Form will be submitted through GATE Online Application Processing System (GOAPS).

GATE 2017 Application Fees

The Application Fees for GATE 2017 Examination will also be submitted online and can be done through Net Banking, Debit/ Credit card or e-Challan.

GATE 2017 Application Fees

For Women Candidates Rs. 750/-
For SC/ ST/ PwD Category Candidates Rs. 750/-
For All Other Candidates Rs. 1500/-


What is the Exam Pattern for GATE?

GATE 2017 Exam Pattern

All the papers of GATE will be conducted by an ONLINE Computer Based Test (CBT). The GATE Examination consists of a single paper of 3-hour duration that contains 65 questions carrying a maximum of 100 marks. The GATE paper consists of questions of the following types:

1. Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) carrying 1 or 2 marks each; Each of  the multiple choice objective questions in all papers and sections contain four answer choices, out of which you have to select correct answer.

2. Numerical Answer Questions (NAQ) carrying 1 or 2 marks each; The answer is a real number, which you have to enter on the computer screen. No choices are shown for this type of questions.

For numerical answer type questions, the candidates have to enter a number as the answer using a virtual key board.

There will be negative marking for the multiple choice type questions.

-->For, 1-mark multiple-choice questions, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer.

-->For 2-mark multiple-choice questions, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer.

There is NO negative marking for numerical answer type questions.

In all the papers, there will be a total of 65 questions carrying 100 marks.Out of these 65 questions, 10 questions carrying a total of 15 marks will be on General Aptitude (GA). Rest of the 55 questions will be from Technical and Engineering Mathematics section.

What is the Syllabus for GATE Mechanical Engineering?

GATE 2017 Mechanical Engineering Syllabus

General Aptitude(GA): Common Syllabus for all papers

The GATE ME Syllabus consists of GA section which will follow the same pattern of questions and marking scheme for all the papers of GATE 2017. This section is considered to be easy and will test your English skills and general numeric ability.

Verbal Ability: English grammar, sentence completion, verbal analogies, word groups, instructions, critical reasoning and verbal deduction.

Numerical Ability: Numerical computation, numerical estimation, numerical reasoning and data interpretation.

Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

This section of GATE ME Syllabus consists of testing your practical and theoretical skills that are typically used in the engineering industry.

  • Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, eigenvalues and eigenvectors.
  • Calculus: Functions of single variable, limit, continuity and differentiability, mean value theorems, indeterminate forms; evaluation of definite and improper integrals; double and triple integrals; partial derivatives, total derivative, Taylor series (in one and two variables), maxima and minima, Fourier series; gradient, divergence and curl, vector identities, directional derivatives, line, surface and volume integrals, applications of Gauss, Stokes and Green’s theorems.
  • Differential equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear); higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients; Euler-Cauchy equation; initial and boundary value problems; Laplace transforms; solutions of heat, wave and Laplace’s equations.
  • Complex variables: Analytic functions; Cauchy-Riemann equations; Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula; Taylor and Laurent series.
  • Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability, sampling theorems, conditional probability; mean, median, mode and standard deviation; random variables, binomial, Poisson and normal distributions.
  • Numerical Methods: Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rules; single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

Section 2: Applied Mechanics and Design

This section of GATE ME Syllabus deals with the theories of machines, designing mechanics and energy formulations.

  • Engineering Mechanics: Free-body diagrams and equilibrium; trusses and frames; virtual work; kinematics and dynamics of particles and of rigid bodies in plane motion; impulse and momentum (linear and angular) and energy formulations, collisions.
  • Mechanics of Materials: Stress and strain, elastic constants, Poisson’s ratio; Mohr’s circle for plane stress and plane strain; thin cylinders; shear force and bending moment diagrams; bending and shear stresses; deflection of beams; torsion of circular shafts; Euler’s theory of columns; energy methods; thermal stresses; strain gauges and rosettes; testing of materials with universal testing machine; testing of hardness and impact strength.
  • Theory of Machines: Displacement, velocity and acceleration analysis of plane mechanisms; dynamic analysis of linkages; cams; gears and gear trains; flywheels and governors; balancing of reciprocating and rotating masses; gyroscope.
  • Vibrations: Free and forced vibration of single degree of freedom systems, effect of damping; vibration isolation; resonance; critical speeds of shafts.
  • Machine Design: Design for static and dynamic loading; failure theories; fatigue strength and the S-N diagram; principles of the design of machine elements such as bolted, riveted and welded joints; shafts, gears, rolling and sliding contact bearings, brakes and clutches, springs.

Section 3: Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences

This section of GATE ME Syllabus consists of Thermodynamic theories, power engineering and fluid mechanics.

  • Fluid Mechanics: Fluid properties; fluid statics, manometry, buoyancy, forces on submerged bodies, stability of floating bodies; control-volume analysis of mass, momentum and energy; fluid acceleration; differential equations of continuity and momentum; Bernoulli’s equation; dimensional analysis; viscous flow of incompressible fluids, boundary layer, elementary turbulent flow, flow through pipes, head losses in pipes, bends and fittings.
  • Heat-Transfer: Modes of heat transfer; one dimensional heat conduction, resistance concept and electrical analogy, heat transfer through fins; unsteady heat conduction, lumped parameter system, Heisler’s charts; thermal boundary layer, dimensionless parameters in free and forced convective heat transfer, heat transfer correlations for flow over flat plates and through pipes, effect of turbulence; heat exchanger performance, LMTD and NTU methods; radiative heat transfer, StefanBoltzmann law, Wien’s displacement law, black and grey surfaces, view factors, radiation network analysis.
  • Thermodynamics: Thermodynamic systems and processes; properties of pure substances, behaviour of ideal and real gases; zeroth and first laws of thermodynamics, calculation of work and heat in various processes; second law of thermodynamics; thermodynamic property charts and tables, availability and irreversibility; thermodynamic relations.
  • Applications: Power Engineering: Air and gas compressors; vapour and gas power cycles, concepts of regeneration and reheat. I.C. Engines: Air-standard Otto, Diesel and dual cycles. Refrigeration and air-conditioning: Vapour and gas refrigeration and heat pump cycles; properties of moist air, psychrometric chart, basic psychrometric processes. Turbomachinery: Impulse and reaction principles, velocity diagrams, Pelton-wheel, Francis and Kaplan turbines.

Section 4: Materials, Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering

This section of GATE ME Syllabus deals with the manufacturing appliances, acquiring knowledge of industrial engineering and computer based manufacturing.

Engineering Materials: Structure and properties of engineering materials, phase diagrams, heat treatment, stress-strain diagrams for engineering materials.

Casting, Forming and Joining Processes: Different types of castings, design of patterns, moulds and cores; solidification and cooling; riser and gating design. Plastic deformation and yield criteria; fundamentals of hot and cold working processes; load estimation for bulk (forging, rolling, extrusion, drawing) and sheet (shearing, deep drawing, bending) metal forming processes; principles of powder metallurgy. Principles of welding, brazing, soldering and adhesive bonding.

Machining and Machine Tool Operations: Mechanics of machining; basic machine tools; single and multi-point cutting tools, tool geometry and materials, tool life and wear; economics of machining; principles of non-traditional machining processes; principles of work holding, design of jigs and fixtures.

Metrology and Inspection: Limits, fits and tolerances; linear and angular measurements; comparators; gauge design; interferometry; form and finish measurement; alignment and testing methods; tolerance analysis in manufacturing and assembly.

Computer Integrated Manufacturing: Basic concepts of CAD/CAM and their integration tools.

Production Planning and Control: Forecasting models, aggregate production planning, scheduling, materials requirement planning.

Inventory Control: Deterministic models; safety stock inventory control systems.

Operations Research: Linear programming, simplex method, transportation, assignment, network flow models, simple queuing models, PERT and CPM.

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When to start your preparation for GATE?

Many would say that 3 to 4 months of serious preparation is enough for getting an under 500 AIR but keeping in mind the intense competition that is increasing year after year, it is suggested that you start your GATE preparation at the earliest.

How to prepare for GATE?

In order to crack GATE, you must first go through the entire syllabus word by word. Read and remember every topic of every subject that is mentioned in the GATE syllabus. You must know, very clearly, what to study and what not to study. 

Once you are thorough with the GATE syllabus, you are ready to begin your preparation for GATE.

It is very important for you to have a study plan if you want to get a good score in GATE examination. Most of the previous GATE toppers have followed the steps mentioned below in one way or the other. You need to do the same if you want to achieve what they have achieved.

1. Get previous years solved question papers for GATE

You must make sure that you have access to solutions of previously asked questions in GATE. There are a lot of options available in the market. Get your hands on any one of them. This you must carry with you all the time. You need to refer to it again and again. 

2. Analyse the paper trend

Every exam has its own trends and patterns. Refer to the syllabus and previous years papers and analyse the paper pattern of the GATE exam. All subjects don't carry equal marks in GATE. There are few subjects from which more number of questions are asked. Similarly there are few topics in every subject from which questions are being asked on a regular basis every year. After performing the above mentioned analysis, you will have a very good idea of the latest GATE paper trend.

3. Make a priority list of subjects and topics

Based on the marks and preference given to various subjects, decide what subjects you need to give priority to. Do a similar exercise for topics inside a particular subject. Given the vastness of the syllabus, it is very important for you to perform this exercise and create a priority list of subjects and topics. 

4. Allocate realistic time to topics and subjects

You must allocate realistic time to every topic of every subject based on their priority. Try to distribute your time so that you cover the top three topics of every subject first and then move down to subjects and topics of lesser priority.

5. Read, practice and revise

Read a topic and then solve the previous years questions asked from that topic. Do it for every topic of every subject. Stick to a time table, read the chapters, solve the previous years questions and take tests periodically to enhance your performance. Make sure that you revise the difficult topics and subjects periodically to optimize your efforts.

6. Finish your preparation well in advance.

You must make sure that you follow a time table that allows you to complete your preparation about a month before your actual GATE examination. You must use this last month to get ahead of the competition by solving as many questions as possible, taking as many mock tests as you can and working as hard as possible on your speed and accuracy. This is the step majority of the aspirants fail to take. Ensure that you follow this last step and rest assured that you will succeed in the GATE examination.


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