PH-Physics Exam
The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an all-India examination that primarily tests the comprehensive understanding of various undergraduate subjects in engineering and science. GATE is conducted every year jointly by the Indian Institute of Science and seven Indian Institutes of Technology (Bombay, Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras, Roorkee, & Guwahati) on a rotational basis on behalf of the National Coordination Board – GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD), Government of India.
The Organizing Institute for GATE 2016 is Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore and the exam will be conducted between 30th Jan-7th Feb,2016.  

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The GATE score of a candidate reflects the relative performance level of a candidate. The score is used for admissions to Post-graduate programs (e.g., M.E., M.Tech, Direct PhD) in centrally funded Indian Institutes of Higher Education (i.e., institutes which are provided with financial assistance by MHRD and other Government agencies). The score is also used by some Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) for employment processes. Direct recruitment to Group A level posts i.e., Senior Field Office (SFO Tele), Senior Research Officer (SRO) (Crypto) and SRO(S&T) in Cabinet Secretariat is now being done on the basis of GATE scores. It is one of the most competitive examinations in India.

JOB openings for students appearing for GATE 2016


GATE Exam Details & Eligibility

The following are eligible to take GATE:
  • Bachelor’s degree holders in Engineering/ Technology/ Architecture (4 years after 10+2/ Post-B.Sc./ Post-Diploma) and those who are in the final year of such programs.
  • Master’s degree holders in any branch of Science/ Mathematics/ Statistics/ Computer Applications or equivalent and those who are in the final year of such programs.
  • Candidates in the second or higher year of Four-year integrated master's degree programs (Post-B.Sc.) in Engineering/ Technology.
  • Candidates in the fourth or higher year of Five-year integrated master's degree programs or Dual Degree programs in Engineering/Technology.
  • Candidates with qualifications obtained through examinations conducted by professional societies recognized by UPSC/AICTE (e.g. AMIE by iE(i), AMICE(i) by the institute of Civil Engineers (India)-iCE(i)) as equivalent to B.E./B.Tech.
GATE Papers and structure
GATE 2016 will be conducted in the subjects (also referred to as “papers”) as mentioned in the below.

List of GATE papers and their respective exam codes

GATE Paper Code GATE Paper Code
Aerospace Engineering AE Instrumentation Engineering IN
Agricultural Engineering AG Mathematics MA
Architecture and Planning AR Mechanical Engineering ME
Biotechnology BT Mining Engineering MN
Civil Engineering CE Metallurgical Engineering MT
Chemical Engineering CH Petroleum Engineering PE
Computer Science and Information Technology CS Physics PH
Chemistry CY Production and Industrial Engineering PI
Electronics and Communication Engineering EC Textile Engineering and Fiber Science TF
Electrical Engineering EE Engineering Sciences XE*
Ecology and Evolution EY Life Sciences XL**
Geology and Geophysics GG    


* Engineering Sciences (XE) Paper Sections Code ** Life Sciences (XL) Paper Sections Code
(A and any 2 of B to G) (H and any 2 of I to M)
Engineering Mathematics (Compulsory) A Chemistry (Compulsory) H
Fluid Mechanics B Biochemistry I
Materials Science C Botany J
Solid Mechanics D Microbiology K
Thermodynamics E Zoology L
Polymer Science and Engineering F Food Technology M
Food Technology G    


GATE Application Process
Candidates must familiarize themselves with the paper code for the paper of their choice, as this knowledge will be required at the time of application form submission and appearing for the examination. A candidate is allowed to appear in ONLY ONE paper.
Since a candidate is allowed to appear in ONLY ONE of the 23 papers for which GATE 2016 examination is being held, the candidate has to make the choice of the paper he/she wishes to write carefully. 
Information Brochure: GATE 2016 Brochure 
Duplicate applications: GATE 2016 Duplicate List
The candidate is expected to appear in a paper appropriate to the discipline of his/her Qualifying degree. However, the candidate is, free to choose any paper according to his/her admission plan, keeping in mind the eligibility criteria of the institutions in which he/she wishes to seek admission.
For more details regarding the admission criteria in any particular institute, the candidate is advised to refer to the websites of that institute.

GATE Exam Pattern of questions


Multiple Choice (MCQ)
Numerical Answers (NAQ)
  • Multiple choice questions (MCQ) :They will  carry 1 or 2 marks each. These will be objective questions in all papers and sections will have 4 options, out of which the candidate will mark the correct answer(s), as per question.
  • Numerical answer questions : They will carry one or two marks each. The answers to these questions are real numbers and are to be entered by the candidate using the mouse and a virtual keypad that will be provided on the screen. No choices are shown for questions of this type.


The GATE Question papers are designed to test four abilities:

  • Recall : Require the candidate to obtain the answer by using a simple formula or by prior knowledge.
  • Comprehension :Tests the candidate's ability to understand the basics of the core subject. Conclusions are to be drawn from fundamental concepts.
  • Application : the student must use logical reasoning or implement a formula and compute it to arrive at the answer.
  • Analysis and Synthesis : the candidate will be given data, images, diagrams, charts, a form of pictorial representation, a tabular column which, or a mix of these which needs to be analyzed first, and then have to answer the questions which follow it. A question on Synthesis may require a comparison between two or more pieces of information, diagrams, tables, quantities or charts.


GATE 2016 pattern 

The question paper for all 23 branches will consist of a single paper of three hours duration, and contains 65 questions carrying a maximum of 100 marks, out of which ten questions, carrying a total of 15 marks, are in General Aptitude (GA). It will consist of questions which will be both multiple choice questions, and numerical answer type. In all GATE papers, irrespective of the core subject, General Aptitude questions carry a total of 15 marks, and there will be five one-mark questions, and five two-mark questions each, thus adding up to the total of 15 marks for this section.


Computer Based Type (CBT)
NO. OF QUESTIONS 65 questions

The examination is  conducted online in the Online Computer Based Test (CBT) model where questions will be shown in no particular order on the monitor of the computer. If it is a Multiple choice question (MCQ), the student is requested to select the answer. If it is a Numerical Analysis type question the answer should be entered on screen using a mouse on the virtual keyboard which will be shown on-screen, as the computer's keyboard will be disabled. Online Calculator will be accessible to all for general calculations.


For more info read the detailed Examination Instructions: GATE 2016


After the 3 hour examination window, the screen will automatically close, thus preventing further action. Students will be provided with scribble pads for rough work and the same must be returned after the examination.

Apart from questions in the core subject of the paper, the paper will also contain questions to test your general aptitude (like language and analytical skills.)

15% of the examination will be devoted to the General Aptitude section while the remaining 85 % will carry questions from the core subject for papers in the disciplines of Architecture and Planning, Chemistry, Ecology and Evolution, Geology and Geophysics, Mathematics, Physics and Life Sciences.

15% of the total marks is allotted to the General Aptitude and another 15% to the Engineering Mathematics sections for all the other subject streams. Questions from the core subject will make up the remaining 70% of the paper.



XE Paper

A candidate appearing in the XE paper has to answer the following

1. Section A – Engineering Mathematics (compulsory)

2. GA – General Aptitude (compulsory)

3. Any two of XE sections B to G

The choice of two sections from B to G can be made during the examination after viewing the questions. Only two optional sections can be answered at a time. A candidate wishing to change midway of the examination to another optional section must first choose to deselect one of the previously chosen optional sections (B to G).


XL Paper

A candidate appearing in the XL paper has to answer the following

1. Section H – Chemistry (compulsory)

2. GA – General Aptitude (compulsory)

3. Any two of XL sections I to M

The choice of two sections from I to M can be made during the examination after viewing the questions. Only two optional sections can be answered by the candidate. A candidate wishing to change midway of the examination to another optional section must first choose to deselect one of the previously chosen optional sections (I to M).


GATE 2016 Marking Scheme 

For one mark multiple choice questions, one-third mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. Likewise, for multiple choice questions which are each of two marks, two-third mark will be deducted for a wrong answer.

There is no negative marking for numerical answer type questions.

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When to start your preparation for GATE?

Many would say that 3 to 4 months of serious preparation is enough for getting an under 500 AIR but keeping in mind the intense competition that is increasing year after year, it is suggested that you start your GATE preparation at the earliest.

How to prepare for GATE?

In order to crack GATE, you must first go through the entire syllabus word by word. Read and remember every topic of every subject that is mentioned in the GATE syllabus. You must know, very clearly, what to study and what not to study.

Once you are thorough with the GATE syllabus, you are ready to begin your preparation for GATE.

It is very important for you to have a study plan if you want to get a good score in GATE examination. Most of the previous GATE toppers have followed the steps mentioned below in one way or the other. You need to do the same if you want to achieve what they have achieved.

1. Get previous years solved question papers for GATE

You must make sure that you have access to solutions of previously asked questions in GATE. There are a lot of options available in the market. Get your hands on any one of them. This you must carry with you all the time. You need to refer to it again and again.

2. Analyse the paper trend

Every exam has its own trends and patterns. Refer to the syllabus and previous years papers and analyse the paper pattern of the GATE exam. All subjects don't carry equal marks in GATE. There are few subjects from which more number of questions are asked. Similarly there are few topics in every subject from which questions are being asked on a regular basis every year. After performing the above mentioned analysis, you will have a very good idea of the latest GATE paper trend.

3. Make a priority list of subjects and topics

Based on the marks and preference given to various subjects, decide what subjects you need to give priority to. Do a similar exercise for topics inside a particular subject. Given the vastness of the syllabus, it is very important for you to perform this exercise and create a priority list of subjects and topics.

4. Allocate realistic time to topics and subjects

You must allocate realistic time to every topic of every subject based on their priority. Try to distribute your time so that you cover the top three topics of every subject first and then move down to subjects and topics of lesser priority.

5. Read, practice and revise

Read a topic and then solve the previous years questions asked from that topic. Do it for every topic of every subject. Stick to a time table, read the chapters, solve the previous years questions and take tests periodically to enhance your performance. Make sure that you revise the difficult topics and subjects periodically to optimize your efforts.

6. Finish your preparation well in advance.

You must make sure that you follow a time table that allows you to complete your preparation about a month before your actual GATE examination. You must use this last month to get ahead of the competition by solving as many questions as possible, taking as many mock tests as you can and working as hard as possible on your speed and accuracy. This is the step majority of the aspirants fail to take. Ensure that you follow this last step and rest assured that you will succeed in the GATE examination.

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