IAS Mains Exam

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UPSC IAS Result Announced; Kanishak Kataria Tops Rank; Know List Of Qualified Candidates (यूपीएससी फाइनल रिजल्ट घोषित, कनिष्क कटारिया ने किया टॉप)

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) on Friday declared the final results of the Civil Services or Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Forest Service (IFS) and Indian Police Service (IPS) examinations with Kanishak Kataria topping the exam.(संघ लोक सेवा आयोग ने सिविल सेवा परीक्षा 2018 का फाइनल रिजल्ट घोषित कर दिया है। फाइनल मेरिट सितंबर-अक्टूबर, 2018 में आयोजित मुख्य परीक्षा और फरवरी-मार्च, 2019 में आयोजित इंटरव्यू में प्रदर्शन के आधार पर जारी की गई है। इस बार कुल 759 उम्मीदवारों का चयन हुआ है। इनमें जनरल कैटेगरी के 361, ओबीसी के 209, एससी के 128 और एसटी के 61 उम्मीदवार शामिल हैं।)

Candidates can check the list of the shortlisted candidates here !

उम्मीदवार यहाँ क्लीक कर हिंदी में मेरिट लिस्ट देखें  !


20th December 2018

IAS Mains 2018 Result Declared

The Union Public Service Commission has officially released the merit list for the second phase of Civil Services Recruitment. The exam held from 28th September to 7th October. UPSC candidates who appeared for UPSC Mains Examination can check the list and see if their roll number has been mentioned.

The shortlisted candidates will now appear for the final stage i.e. the personality test, after which, the final merit list will be prepared for UPSC Civil Services Recruitment 2018.

NOTE: Personality Test of these candidates is likely to commence from 4th February 2019.

Click Here to see the result

Date : 11 September 2018

UPSC Civil Services (Mains) Examination, 2018 : Admit Card Released

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) released Hall Ticket for the Civil Services Main Examination 2018. As per the official timetable, the examination will start on 28th September 2018. Examination for Essay will be held on 28th September whereas General studies exams are scheduled to be held on 29th and 30th September. Indian language and Optional paper exam will be conducted on 6th and 7th October respectively. (संघ लोक सेवा आयोग (UPSC) 28 सितंबर से UPSC सिविल सेवा (मुख्य) परीक्षा का आयोजन कर रहा है। जिसके लिए UPSC ने ई-प्रवेश पत्र जारी कर दिया है। प्रारंभिक परीक्षा में सफल घोषित सभी उम्मीदवार अब अपना प्रवेश पात्र निचे दिए गए लिंक पर क्लिक कर डाउनलोड कर सकते हैं। मुख्य परीक्षा 28 सितंबर से शुरू होकर 7 अक्टूबर तक आयोजित की जाएगी।)

Click Here for Download Civil Services (Main) Examination, 2018 Admit Card

Date : 5 May 2018

UPSC Civil Services Examination, 2017 : Marks of Successful Candidates (Mains + Interview)

The UPSC civil services exam, considered one of the toughest exams in the country is attempted by lakhs of people. Out of them, only a tiny fraction emerges successful after the long-drawn process concludes. The IAS exam is so rigorous that the toppers generally create much curiosity every year. Aspirants are eager to know the toppers’ mark. So, we bring you IAS toppers’ marks in all the subjects in the civil services exam.

Click here here to Download IAS 2017 Candidate Marks PDF in English

UPSC सिविल सर्विस में सफल उम्मीदवारों के अंक (हिंदी में) : यहाँ क्लिक करें ! 

Date : 27 April 2018

UPSC IAS 2017-18 Result Declared

Union Public Service Commission or UPSC has declared the final result of IAS 2017-18 as of today. The final list consists of roll number of candidates selected for Indian Administrative Service (IAS). As per the result, Anudeep Durishetty topped the UPSC IAS 2017-18 examination, followed by Anu Kumari, on the second rank. Anu Kumari is topper among all the female candidates too.

As per the result IAS 2017-18 final result the top 25 candidates include 17 men and 8 women. The background of these candidates belongs to Engineering; Sciences; Anthropology; Management; Law; Mathematics; Medical and Commerce. Also, these top 25 candidates have graduated from premier Institutions of country.

A total of 9,57,590 candidates applied for UPSC IAS 2017-18 examination of which 4,56,625 actually appeared. Also, 13,366 candidates actually qualified for appearance in Mains exam which was held in Oct-Nov, 2017. Of these total candidates only 2568 candidates qualified for Personality Test which was conducted in Feb-April, 2018

As per the result, we can clearly state that the written part of the examination conducted in between October-November, 2017 and the interviews for Personality Test held between February-April, 2018, as many as 990 names were recommended for appointment.

Click here here to read more or Download IAS 2017-18 Result PDF in English

UPSC सिविल सर्विस फाइनल का रिजल्ट (हिंदी में) : यहाँ क्लिक करें !  or Download IAS 2017-19 Result PDF in Hindi

About Exam

The Civil Services Main Examination is the second stage of the Civil Services Exam. Only those candidates who clear IAS Prelims are eligible to sit for IAS Mains. It comprises 9 papers, out of which marks for only 7 are taken into consideration while preparing the merit list & the remaining 2 are merely qualifying in nature.
Each candidate who is eligible for taking the Main Examination has to choose an optional subject, in addition to General Studies & Essay Paper, which are mandatory for all candidates. 

Exam Dates/Notifications

Main Exam Admit Card Availability: September 2018
UPSC Main Exam Date : 1st October 2018
Declaration of final result : January 2019

Study Plan

The Civil Services Exam is considered to be the mother of all exams. The syllabus is very vast and each part of the syllabus calls for a detailed strategy which may be unique for each candidate. However, Onlinetyari has set out a new initiative wherein we guide IAS aspirants by providing detailed strategies to tackle the IAS Exam.

 General Studies Papers: Nature & Standard of Questions

 As per UPSC, the General Studies papers are so designed as to test the general awareness of a candidate on a variety of subjects. These subjects have been so chosen that they would be relevant for a career in the Civil Services. The nature & standard of questions asked would be such that a candidate would need no specialized study to answer them.

The questions test candidates on the following:

Basic understanding of all relevant issues:

The Civil Services Mains exam calls for simply a basic understanding of issues that are relevant to the exam. What this essentially means is that, you have to be aware of the issues that are relevant from the exam point of view and know certain basics around them. Since, there are issues too many, you can not afford to get into the details of all of them. IAS Mains syllabus would come in handy here. Always remember to go through the UPSC Syllabus while you prepare. 

Ability to analyse

Merely remembering facts around the issues is not sufficient. Candidates must be able to analyze those events in context of the larger picture.

 For Instance, if there is a news around Ministry of Health running low on medicinal supply for MDR-TB, the candidate would have to understand as to why that news is important i.e. Why was MDR-TB specifically highlighted as an issue?, What were the reasons behind the shortage of medicines?, How this shortage is likely to affect health in India?, Is this the same for other diseases as well?, What are the possible solutions to the problem?, How can we prevent this from happening in the future? etc  

Form an opinion on conflicting socio- economic goals, objectives and demands:

All candidates besides knowing and analysing issues must also have the ability to form their own opinion around them. This is very critical to your scores in the General Studies Papers. As a candidate, you would have to look at all issues from a very balanced perspective. You can not afford to have a partisan approach. While framing your opinions, it is always advised that you must weigh both the pros and cons and then come to a conclusion. 

How to crack General Studies for IAS Mains?

All those candidates who give relevant, meaningful and succinct answers to the questions asked are likely to score better than the rest. UPSC is very serious around the Word Limits that are predefined for each question. Besides, the number of questions that are asked in the General Studies Paper is also a lot. Thus, there is a time constraint that you need to take care of.

So, remember, as an IAS aspirant, you do not need to have a doctorate in each of the subjects that are a part of IAS Mains syllabus to crack General Studies for IAS Mains. Just make sure you read the question well, write only relevant & succinct answers, present them wonderfully.  

NOTE: More on Strategy for General Studies IAS Mains on OnlineTyari Blog. 

Kindly refer to our blog for detailed strategies. You can reach that through the following links:

जलवायु परिवर्तन से संबंधित प्रमुख अंतर्राष्ट्रीय सम्मेलन : मुख्य तथ्य !

राज्य सभा : परिचय , मतदान प्रक्रिया और शक्तियां !

Importance of NCERT Books in IAS Exam Preparation

सिविल सेवा परीक्षा हेतु NCERT पुस्तकों का महत्त्व एवं उपयोगिता

IAS साक्षात्कार परीक्षा में कैसे पाएं प्रथम प्रयास में सफलता !

How to Prepare for UPSC IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 4

UPSC सिविल सेवा मुख्य परीक्षा : GS प्रश्न पत्र 4 की रणनीति

How to Prepare for UPSC IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 3

UPSC सिविल सेवा मुख्य परीक्षा : GS प्रश्न पत्र 3 की रणनीति

How to Prepare for IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 2

UPSC सिविल सेवा मुख्य परीक्षा : GS प्रश्न पत्र-2 की रणनीति

How to Prepare for UPSC IAS Mains 2018 GS Paper 1

UPSC सिविल सेवा मुख्य परीक्षा : GS प्रश्न पत्र-1 की रणनीति

UPSC सिविल सेवा मुख्य परीक्षा : निबंध लेखन (प्रश्नपत्र -1) की रणनीति

UPSC सिविल सेवा मुख्य परीक्षा : सफलता के लिए क्या हो परीक्षा रणनीति

UPSC CSE (IAS) मुख्य परीक्षा में प्रभावी उत्तर कैसे लिखें ?

GS पेपर 4 के तहत एथिक्स आधारित केस स्टडी प्रश्नों का समाधान कैसे करें !


IAS Exam 2018 : Vacancies 

Total number of vacancies : 782 (Approximately)

which include 32 vacancies reserved for Persons with Benchmark Disability Category, i.e. 
13 vacancies : for candidates of (a) blindness and low vision;
8 Vacancies : for (b) deaf and hard of hearing; 
9 Vacancies : for (c) locomotor disability including cerebral palsy, leprosy cured, dwarfism, acid attack victims and muscular dystrophy; and 
2 Vacancies : for (e) multiple disabilities from amongst persons under clauses (a) to (c) including deaf-blindness. 

Selection Process

IAS Selection Process 2018 

The Civil Services Examination will consist of two successive stages –
(i) Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination (Objective type) for the selection of candidates for the Main Examination; and 
(ii) Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of candidates for the various Services and posts. 
Applications are now invited for the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination only.

Candidates do not have to register separately for IAS Mains Exam. Candidates who are declared by the Commission to have qualified for admission to the Civil Services (Main) Examination will have to apply online again, in the Detailed Application Form (DAF) which would be made available to them. The DAF has to be filled very carefully because the candidates are required to submit their Post & Cadre preferences besides other important details through the detailed application form only. 

Successful candidates appearing for IAS Mains are sent out an auto generated e-mail by the UPSC, with their login credentials. Candidates have to fill the DAF online and also take a print out of the same & send it over to the Union Public Service Commission in the manner as prescribed by the UPSC.

Eligibility Criteria


1. For IAS & IPS: A candidate must be a citizen of India.

2. For other services: A candidate must be either:

a. A Citizen of India, OR
b. A Subject of Nepal, OR
c. A Subject of Bhutan, OR
d. A Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, OR
e. A Person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.

Provided further that candidates belonging to categories (b), (c) and (d) above will not be eligible for appointment to the Indian Foreign Service.

Age Limit

Age limit for UPSC Prelims 2018, would vary as per your category. Have a look: 

  • For General Category candidates32 years 
  • For OBC Category candidates35 years 
  • For SC/ST Category candidates37 years
  • For Physically Handicapped Candidate42 years for General candidate, 45 years for OBC candidate and 47 years for SC/ST candidates.

There would be a 5 year age relaxation if a candidate had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from the 1st January, 1980 to the 31st December, 1989.

Educational Qualification

In order to appear for IAS Mains exams, candidates must have cleared the IAS Prelims the same year. Also, in order to appear for the IAS Prelims exam, candidates must meet the educational qualifications. Click here to know more about educational qualifications for IAS Prelims.


SYLLABUS FOR IAS MAINS: UPSC Syllabus for IAS Mains 2018, Qualifying Papers, Essay Paper, General Studies IAS Mains 2018, Optional Subjects for UPSC

As per the revised UPSC pattern, candidates have to appear for 9 descriptive papers as part of IAS Main Exam. And out of these nine papers, marks for only 7 are counted. The remaining two are merely qualifying in nature and the candidate has to score minimum marks prescribed by UPSC, each year, to qualify. 


Candidates have to qualify two papers: Paper A: English & Paper B: Indian Languages (mentioned in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution). These two exams are of 300 marks each. It is important to note that if a candidate fails to qualify any of these papers, his answer scripts for the remaining papers will not be evaluated. The Commission will have the discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all papers of the examination.

Civil Services Main Exam 2018 Syllabus:

Paper A: English

UPSC Syllabus & pattern of questions for English Paper for Civil Services Main Examination broadly follows as under:

1. Comprehension of given passages 

2. Precis Writing 

3. Usage and Vocabulary 

4. Short Essays 

Paper B: Indian Languages

Candidates have to pick one from amongst the list of languages mentioned in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution. The IAS syllabus and pattern of questions for these Indian Languages will follow the following sheme:

1. Comprehension of given passages 

2. Precis Writing 

3. Usage and Vocabulary 

4. Short Essays 

5. Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa 

Civil Services Main Exam 2018 Syllabus: Papers to be counted for Merit:

As per the latest IAS Mains 2017 syllabus, each candidate has to appear for 7 papers whose marks will be added to his/her final score. These papers are:

  1. Paper-I: Essay: 250 Marks
  2. Paper-II: General Studies Paper I: 250 Marks
  3. Paper-III: General Studies Paper II: 250 Marks
  4. Paper-IV: General Studies Paper III: 250 Marks
  5. Paper-V: General Studies Paper IV: 250 Marks
  6. Paper VI: Optional Subject Paper I: 250 Marks
  7. Paper VII: Optional Subject Paper II: 250 Marks

The syllabus for each of these papers is given below:

Paper I: Essay

Maximum Marks: 250

The essay is to be written in the medium or language of the candidate's choice. Candidates will be required to write essays on specific topics. UPSC will give the choice of topics. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

General Studies I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

Exam Duration: Two Hours

Maximum Marks: 250 

  1. Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times. 
  2. Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues 
  3. The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country. 
  4. Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country
  5. History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society. 
  6. Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. 
  7. Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. 
  8. Effects of globalization on Indian society Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism. 
  9. Salient features of world's physical geography. 
  10. Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India) 
  11. Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes

General Studies II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

Exam Duration: Two Hours

Maximum Marks: 250  

  1. Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. 
  2. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. 
  3. Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions. 
  4. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries 
  5. Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these. 
  6. Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity. 
  7. Salient features of the Representation of People's Act. 
  8. Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. 
  9. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies 
  10. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. 
  11. Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders 
  12. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. 
  13. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. 
  14. Issues relating to poverty and hunger. 
  15. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures. 
  16. Role of civil services in a democracy. 
  17. India and its neighbourhood- relations. 
  18. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests 
  19. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora. 
  20. Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate

General Studies III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

Exam Duration: Two Hours

Maximum Marks: 250  

  1. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. 
  2. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it. 
  3. Government Budgeting. 
  4. Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
  5. Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing. 
  6. Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management. 
  7. Land reforms in India. 
  8. Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth. 
  9. Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc. 
  10. Investment models. 
  11. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life 
  12. Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology. 
  13. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights. 
  14. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment 
  15. Disaster and disaster management. 
  16. Linkages between development and spread of extremism. 
  17. Role of external state and nonstate actors in creating challenges to internal security. 
  18. Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention 
  19. Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism 
  20. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

General Studies IV: Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude 

Exam Duration: Two Hours 

Maximum Marks: 250

  1. Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values. 
  2. Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion. 
  3. Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  4. Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance. 
  5. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world. 
  6. Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance. 
  7. Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption. 
  8. Case Studies on above issues

Exam Pattern

UPSC EXAM PATTERN: IAS Mains 2018 Pattern, List of Papers, Objective, Nature & Standard of Questions, Optional Subjects

IAS Mains 2018 Pattern:

The Civil Services Main Examination is subjective type in nature. As per the latest IAS Exam 2017 pattern, there are 9 descriptive papers in IAS Mains, out of which marks for only 7 are taken into consideration while preparing the final merit. The remaining two are merely qualifying in nature and the candidate has to score minimum marks prescribed by UPSC, each year, to qualify. 

The 7 papers whose marks are counted towards the final merit are of 250 marks each. While the two qualifying papers are of 300 marks each. 

List of Descriptive Papers for IAS Mains, 2018:

Papers to be Counted for Merit:

  1. Paper-I: Essay: 250 Marks
  2. Paper-II: General Studies Paper I: 250 Marks
  3. Paper-III: General Studies Paper II: 250 Marks
  4. Paper-IV: General Studies Paper III: 250 Marks
  5. Paper-V: General Studies Paper IV: 250 Marks
  6. Paper VI: Optional Subject Paper I: 250 Marks
  7. Paper VII: Optional Subject Paper II: 250 Marks

Qualifying Papers:

  1. Paper-A: Language -300 Marks : One Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution. 
  2. Paper-B: English – 300 Marks

What is the objective behind conducting the Main Examination?

According to the UPSC Civil Services Notification, the objective of the Main Examination is to assess the overall intellectual traits and depth of understanding of candidates rather than their information, memory and recall only. This means the candidates are evaluated not only on the basis of the information they possess but also their ability to understand, analyse and relate their knowledge in the context of the questions asked.

What is the Nature & Standard of Questions asked in the IAS Mains Exam?

As regarding the nature and standard of questions asked in the IAS Mains Exam, the general opinion that prevails is that UPSC can ask anything & everything under the sky. This is because they feel that the UPSC Syllabus leaves nothing untouched. However, there is a science behind this and the questions asked in the Civil Services Mains Examination are not so random after all.

Here's a brief look into what the questions asked in the Mains Exam are like & what they seek to test:

Optional Subjects:

There would be two papers for Optional Subjects in IAS Main Examination. One for Paper-I & Paper-II each and both would be 250 marks each. i.e. If you have Sociology as your optional, you'd need to appear for Sociology Paper-I & Paper-II. Same goes for all optional subjects. 

The scope of the syllabus for optional subject papers (Paper VI and Paper VII) for IAS Mains is broadly of the honours degree level i.e. one level higher than the Bachelors' degree and lower than the Masters' degree. In the case of Engineering, Medical Science and law, the level corresponds to the bachelors' degree.

List of Optional Subjects for IAS Mains:

Each of the Candidates sitting for UPSC Mains Examination has to choose one optional subject from amongst the list of optionals provided by the Union Public Service Commission. It is not mandatory to choose your Optional Subject, the same as your Graduation/Post-Graduation subject. For example, an Electrical engineer can choose to appear for IAS Mains with Kannada as an Optional Subject, a Doctor can pick History as his/her optional, a humanities student can choose Medical Science if he so likes.

The list of Optional Subjects for IAS Mains is as under:

1. Agriculture 

2. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science 

3. Anthropology 

4. Botany 

5. Chemistry 

6. Civil Engineering 

7. Commerce and Accountancy 

8. Economics 

9. Electrical Engineering 

10. Geography 

11. Geology 

12. History 

13. Law 

14. Management 

15. Mathematics 

16. Mechanical Engineering 

17. Medical Science 

18. Philosophy 

19. Physics 

20. Political Science and International Relations 

21. Psychology 

22. Public Administration 

23. Sociology 

24. Statistics 

25. Zoology 

26. Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English

Each of these Optional Subjects comes with its own detailed syllabus.

Job Profile

IAS Job Profile 2018

Civil Services Examination conducting for recruitment to the Services and Posts mentioned below-
(i) Indian Administrative Service.
(ii) Indian Foreign Service. 
(iii) Indian Police Service.
(iv) Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group ‘A’.
(v) Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
(vi) Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise), Group ‘A’.
(vii) Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
(viii) Indian Revenue Service (I.T.), Group ‘A’.
(ix) Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group ‘A’ (Assistant Works Manager, Administration).
(x) Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’.
(xi) Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
(xii) Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’.
(xiii) Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group 'A'.
(xiv) Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group ‘A’.
(xv) Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force, Group ‘A’
(xvi) Indian Defence Estates Service, Group ‘A’.
(xvii) Indian Information Service(Junior Grade), Group ‘A’.
(xviii) Indian Trade Service, Group 'A'.
(xix) Indian Corporate Law Service, Group "A".
(xx) Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade).
(xxi) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group 'B'.
(xxii) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service, Group 'B'.
(xxiii) Pondicherry Civil Service, Group 'B'.
(xxiv) Pondicherry Police Service, Group ‘B’.


Mains Exam Result : January 2019 (Tentative)


Civil Services Examination, 2017 Official Cutoff

In the Civil Services Examination 2017, the minimum qualifying standards/marks secured by the last recommended candidate in various categories at various stages are as under:-

































*Cut off marks on the basis of GS Paper-I only. GS Paper-II was of qualifying nature with 33% marks as per Rule-15 of Civil Services Examination, 2017.
# Subject to 10% marks in each of the seven competitive papers i.e. Essay, GS-I, GS-II, GS-III, GS-IV, Optional-I and Optional-II.


Ques.- What items are banned at the Examination Venues?

(a) Mobile phones, smart watches, bluetooth, pagers or any other communication devices and IT gadgets are banned items and are therefore not allowed inside the premises where the examination is being conducted. Any infringement of these instructions shall entail disciplinary action including ban from future examinations.

(b)Candidates are advised in their own interest not to bring any of the banned items including mobile phones/bluetooth/pagers to the venue of the examination.

(c) Candidates are also advised not to bring any valuable/expensive items to the Examination Halls, as safety of such items cannot be assured. Commission will not be responsible for any loss in this regard.

Ques.- To how many services am I eligible to be recruited on the basis CSE?

Recruitment is generally made to the following services on the basis of Civil Service Examination:

  1. The Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Group 'A'
  2. The Indian Foreign Service (IFoS), Group 'A'
  3. The Indian Police Service (IPS), Group 'A'
  4. The Indian P&T Accounts and Finance Service (IAS), Group 'A'.
  5. The Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IAS), Group 'A'.
  6. Indian Revenue Service (Customs & Central Excise), (IAS) Gr. "A".
  7. The Indian Defence Accounts Service (IAS), Group 'A'.
  8. The Indian Revenue Service, (IT) Group 'A'.
  9. The Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group 'A'. (Asstt. Works Manager—Administration).
  10. The Indian Postal Service, Group 'A'.
  11. The Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group 'A'.
  12. The Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group 'A'.
  13. The Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group 'A'.
  14. The Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group 'A'.
  15. Post of Assistant Security Commissioner, Group 'A' in Railway Protection Force.
  16. The Indian Defence Estates Service, Group 'A'.
  17. The Indian Information Service, Junior Grade Group 'A'.
  18. Indian Trade Service, Group 'A' (Gr. Ill).
  19. Indian Corporate Law Service. Group 'A'.
  20. Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group 'B' (Section Officer's Grade).
  21. Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep. Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group 'B'.
  22. Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service. Group 'B'.
  23. Pondicherry Civil Service, Group 'B'.
  24. Pondicherry Police Service, Group 'B'.

The above mentioned services are categorized / classified into (i) Technical Services and (ii) Non-Technical services. Based on your medical report, you are either eligible/fit only for all nontechnical services (not fit for technical services), both eligible/fit for technical as well as all non-technical services (fit for all services) or eligible/fit for non-technical and some of the technical services or eligible/fit for none of the technical as well as non-technical service (unfit for all services).


Those services are treated as Technical Services which require special medical status in terms of vision, height, chest, chest expansion etc.

The Technical services under CSE are as follows.

  1. The Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group 'A'.
  2. Railway Protection Force (RPF) Group A,
  3. Indian Police Service, Gr. A,
  4. Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service. Group 'B'.
  5. Pondicherry Police Service, Group 'B'
  6. Indian Ordinance Factories Service (IOFS) Group A.

Ques.-Which are the Non-Technical services?

The Indian Administrative Service, Indian Foreign Service, Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group 'A', Indian Revenue Service (Customs & Central Excise) Gr. "A", Indian Revenue Service, (IT) Group 'A', Indian Postal Service, Group 'A', Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group 'A', Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group 'A', Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group 'A', The Indian Defence Estates Service, Group 'A', Indian Information Service, Junior Grade Group 'A' Indian Corporate Law Service. Group 'A', Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep. Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group 'B'.

Ques.- Whether a candidate who is allocated to one of the services participating in the Civil Service Examination can again appear in the Civil Service Examination for improvement?

Yes, except those who have been allocated to the Indian Administrative Service (IAS)/Indian Foreign Service (IFS).

Ques.-How are candidates shortlisted for being called for interview for a particular post?

The candidates must fulfill the prescribed minimum essential qualifications required for a particular post to get shortlisted. However, in case there are a large number of Applications, the Commission adopts a shortlisting criteria to restrict the number of candidates to be called for interview to a reasonable number in accordance with the methods mentioned in the detailed advertisement (Note-II under “INSTRUCTIONS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION TO CANDIDATES FOR RECRUITMENT BY SELECTION”).

Ques.-How shall I get information regarding interviews?

The call letter will be sent on your e-mail provided in the Online application. The practice of sending interview Call letters by post has now been discontinued. The candidates who have applied are, therefore, advised to check their e-mails regularly.

Ques.-What documents should I carry at the time of interview?

The candidates are informed about the list of documents required to be produced at the time of interview. This list is annexed to their Interview Call Letter sent through e-mail.

Ques.-Can I carry my mobile, laptop or any other communication devices, with me for the Interview or Recruitment Test?

No. Such gadgets are strictly prohibited during interviews or for Recruitment Tests.

Ques.-How are candidates assessed by the Interview Boards?

(a) The objective of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for the post for which he/she has been called for interview. The idea is to judge the candidate through a fair and impartial assessment and award marks based on his/her overall performance. (b) The interview is not merely a test of knowledge (whether general or in subject matter) but an attempt to assess the potential of the individual for being shaped into a competent, dedicated and honest officer who can be entrusted with the tasks and responsibilities associated with public service. (c) Candidates are judged on the basis of their overall records (educational qualifications, knowledge, experience, interests, activities etc.) and performance in the interview. However, marks are awarded on an overall basis and not on individual attributes separately.

Ques.-What is the composition of the Interview Board?

An Interview Board is headed by a President, who is generally assisted by three Advisers who are Experts in their respective field(s)/discipline(s).

Ques.-Can I know the details like designation, academic qualifications etc. regarding Interview Board Members?

No. These details are not disclosed in compliance with Orders of Hon’ble Supreme Court in Civil Appeal No. 9052 of 2012 [arising out of SLP(C) No. 20217 of 2011], filed by BPSC Vs Saiyed Hussain Abbas Rizwi & Anr.

Ques.- What are the Maximum Marks and the minimum qualifying marks in the interview?

Candidates are given marks in the Interview out of 100. The Minimum Qualifying Marks, in the Interview, category wise, are as below:


Minimum Qualifying Marks







Ques.- Do the President and the Advisers give marks separately to a candidate?

No. Marks are assigned by consensus.

Ques.-Can a candidate belonging to one of the reserved categories viz., Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes/Other Backward Classes/Physically Handicapped be recommended for selection against an unreserved vacancy?

A candidate belonging to one of the reserved categories can be recommended against an unreserved vacancy if he/she meets the criterion adopted for the unreserved category candidates and does not avail of any relaxation.

Ques.-How is the seniority of candidates recommended by the UPSC determined?

The UPSC only recommends selected candidates in the order of merit. The fixation of seniority of recommended candidates in their respective cadres/grades falls within the purview of the Ministries/Departments concerned and is determined by them.

Ques.-Who verifies the character and antecedents of candidates recommended by the UPSC?

The Ministries/Departments concerned and the Cadre Controlling Authorities are responsible for verification of the character and antecedents of the candidates recommended by the UPSC.

Ques.- What is the main function of the All India Services (AIS) Branch?

The main function of the All India Services Branch of the Commission is to assist the Commission in induction of State Services Officers into the All India Services through Promotion or by Selection.

Ques.- Does the AIS Branch deal with the regular promotion cases/disciplinary cases/other service matters of the All India Services?

No. AIS branch deals only with appointment by promotion of State Civil Service (SCS)/State Police Service (SPS)/State Forest Service (SFS) Officers to the Indian Administrative Service (IAS)/Indian Police Service (IPS)/Indian Forest Service (IFS) respectively and appointment by Selection of Non-State Civil Services (NSCS) Officers to the IAS.

Ques.- Whether medical examination of candidates qualified in CSE (Mains) is mandatory?

Yes, medical examination of candidates qualified in CSE (Mains) is mandatory, in order to ensure that they are in good mental /physical health and free from any physical defect likely to interfere with discharge of their duties as an officer of the service.

Ques.- From where a candidate can get an access to Appendix-III to CSE Rules as well as information relating to his/her medical examination?

CSE Rules containing Appendix-III, notices and information relating to the medical examination are posted time to time on the dedicated webpage of DoPT on the DoPT’s website.

Ques.- What are the instructions for the candidates to follow before appearing the central standing medical board (CSMB) for medical examination?

A candidate must observe and follow the instructions given under before appearing for medical examination before CSMB, dedicated web page of DOPT’s website which can be accessed through web authentication code allotted to candidate. These include the following:-

  • Candidate should come fasting for 10 hours or more on the day of medical examination.
  • Candidate should come without taking any medicine on the day of Medical Examination.
  • Candidate should bring along the spectacles, if any, being used by him/her alongwith the prescription for the same.
  • Candidate using Contact Lenses should stop using them at least 48 hours before the medical examination.
  • Candidate should bring along Hearing Aid, if any, being used by him/her and its latest audiometry report.
  • Candidate belonging to Physical Handicapped (PH) category is advised to bring along the appliances being used by him/her for his/her disability.
  • Candidate should bring along prescription for any kind of medicine being taken by him/her on regular basis.
  • Candidate should bring along records of any surgical procedure he/she has undergone in the past.
  • Candidate should bring along the Disability Certificate, if any, issued to him/her by any Disability Medical Board in the past.
  • Any other relevant record a candidate may like to bring to the notice of the Central Standing Medical Board.
  • The candidate will be required to make a statement as per format provided at Para 21 prior to his/her Medical Examination and must sign the Declaration appended thereto.

Ques.- Whether the candidate can leave the medical examination incomplete?

No candidate can leave the medical examination incomplete. He/she will be required to follow the procedure of the medical examination as advised by the medical examiner and if advised by the medical examiner, he /she would remain present before any other medical board on given time or day. Leaving medical examination incomplete would render candidate liable for cancellation of his /her candidature.

Ques.- Whether formal permission of the Chairman of the Medical Board would be required by the candidate before leaving the medical examination?

Yes. Candidate should leave medical examination only after obtaining relieving letter in the prescribed format to be issued by the Chairman of CSMD or authorized representative and keep the same as a proof of completion of his medical examination.

Ques.- Whether medical examination report should be shared with the candidate?

Yes, w.e.f. CSE 2014. Candidate’s medical examination report along with the recommendation would be made available to the candidates after the medical examination by post at the postal address for communication given by the candidate in his/her application form. Also this report would be published in the dedicated web page which would be accessible only to the candidate concerned through his/her password on DOPT’s website within the seven working days from the date of completion of the medical examination.

Ques.- Is there any provision for appeal against the findings of medical examination?

Yes. If a candidate who is not satisfied with the findings of the medical board he/she may file an appeal to DOPT in the prescribed format, which should reach DOPT within seven working days from the date of publication of medical report on the website.

Ques.- Whether it is mandatory to enclose certificate in support of his/her of being a fit candidate?

It is not mandatory. However, if a candidate wishes to do so he/she may enclose a copy of medical certificate in support of his claim.

Ques.- Where will the medical examination by the Appellate Medical Board be held?

Such medical examination will be held at Delhi and no travelling allowance or daily allowance will be admissible for journey performed in connection with such medical examination w.e.f., CSE 2014.

Ques.- When a candidate would be required to present himself/herself before Appellate Medical Board?

The candidate would be required to present himself /herself before Appellate Medical Board on the date and time to be intimated to him/her by the DoPT and would also be uploaded in the website.

Ques.- What will happen if a candidate fails to present himself before Appellate Medical Board on the scheduled date?

Failure to appear before Appellate Medical Board on the appointed day would amount to forfeiture of the opportunity of appeal for the candidate and as a consequence the recommendation of CSMB would be final.

Ques.- Whether there is any opportunity to file the appeal for review of the findings of Appellate Medical Board?

The findings of the Appellate Medical Board would be final and no appeal would lie against the opinion of the appellate medical board.

Ques.- Whether there is provision for appeal of PH candidate against findings of CSMB?

Yes. The same provision is applicable as in case of Non PH category candidates.

Ques.-Whether any fee will charged from PH for filing appeal against CSMB ?

No fee will be charged.

Ques.- Who will constitute medical board?

The Central Government (Ministry of Health and Family Welfare) will constitute Central Standing Medical Board in the designated hospitals for conduct of medical examination of candidates in CSE.

Ques.- Whether Chairman of CSMBs may consult specialists of other designated hospitals before giving a medical report?

Yes, in case of any doubt Chairman CSMB may consult specialists in designated hospitals.

Ques.- Whose decision as regards to fitness of the candidates shall be final?

As regards to fitness of the candidates, the decision of the Chairman of CSMB will be final except in ‘Appeal Cases’, where decision of the Chairman of Appellate Medical Board will be treated ‘final’.

Ques.- What will be the constitution of the Appellate Medical Board?

Appellate Medical Board will comprise of Specialists including a Chairman who would be higher in rank than those included in CSMB and the same would invariably be headed by Head of Department.

Ques.- Who will examine PH candidate on their appeal?

Appellate Disability Medical Board (ADMB) constituted by Government would examine PH candidate on their appeal.

Ques.- Whether it is mandatory to have lady doctor in the medical examination of lady candidate?

Yes, lady doctor will assist in medical examination.

Ques.- What is the procedure for the candidate having temporary unfitness?

In case where medical board considers that candidate has temporary unfitness to that effect should record the same and the same would be informed to the candidate by DOPT.

Ques.- In how many months such candidates would be re-examined?

Temporary unfit candidate would be re-examined within a period not exceeding 6 months. After the re-examination final report as regards to his/ her fitness or otherwise for appointment to service would be given. Issues relating to candidates belonging to PH category.

Ques.- What should be the degree of disability for claiming reservation in posts/services under the Central Government?

Only such persons would be eligible for reservation in services / posts who suffer from not less than 40 per cent of relevant disability. A person who wants to avail of benefit of reservation would have to submit a Disability Certificate issued by a competent authority.

Ques.-Who is the competent authority to issue Disability Certificate?

The competent authority to issue Disability Certificate shall be a Medical Board duly constituted by the Central or a State Government. The Central / State Government may constitute Medical Board(s) consisting of at least three members out of which at least one shall be a specialist in the particular field for assessing locomotor / cerebral / visual / hearing disability, as the case may be.

Ques.-What is Physical Requirement and Functional Classification (PR & FC)?

For a PH candidate, various Cadre Controlling Authorities (CCAs) in consultation with M/o SJ&E have laid down Physical Requirements and Functional Classification for sub categories of PH categories i.e. Visual Impaired, Hearing Impaired and Locomotor Disability and Cerebral Palsy(LDCP) in respect of services under their administrative control and a candidate is required to meet PR and FC for that service for being eligible to be allocated to that service.

Ques.- Where PR and FC are for various services participating in CSE have been indicated?

These are indicated in Appendix IV to CSE Rules 2014 which are also available on this department’s website-----------.

Ques.- Who is PH for the purpose of service allocation on the basis of CSE?

Candidate having disability more than 40% is considered a PH category candidate and is eligible for allocation of service against the vacancy reserved for PH category.

Ques.- Who can issue the disability certificate?

Disability Certificate can be issued only by Central Standing Medical Board constituted by Central Government or by the State Government comprising at least three members out of which at least one is a specialist in the field of relevant disability.

Ques.- Whether there is prescribed format for disability certificate?

Yes, there is a prescribed format for issue of disability certificate.

Ques.- What is the date by which disability certificate should have been issued to a candidate appearing in CSE?

A disability certificate in respect of candidate appearing CSE as PH candidate must have been issue before last date for applying for appearing in CSE (Prelims).

Ques.- Whether PH candidate would be medically examined after interview?

Such candidates holding disability certificate issued by the competent authority would be medically examined by the CSMB in Safdarjang Hospital, Dr RML Hospital, Lady Hording Medical College GTB Hospital and LNJP Hospital.

Ques.- Who is competent to give permanent disability certificate?

CSMB in the above hospitals are competent to give permanent disability certificate.

Ques.-Whether the disability certificate can be denied without giving an opportunity to candidate?

No. Disability certificate can be denied only after giving opportunity of being heard to the applicant. Also after having representation of the applicant, CSMB may review its own decision in view of the facts and circumstances of the case and pass such orders as deemed fit and necessary. Service Allocation

Ques.- For how many services one can indicate his/her preference?

A candidate shall be required to mandatorily indicate order of preferences for all the services participating in the Civil Services Examination for the year, in the application form for main examination. No preference, zero preference and the same order of preference for two or more services shall not be allowed in any case.

Ques.- Whether change of preference of services once indicated is permitted?

No change in preferences of services once indicated by a candidate would be permitted.

Ques.- I have not indicated preferences for all the service for CSE 2012. What will happen if I do not get service for which I have indicated preference?

You will be considered for allocation of service against remaining services where vacancies are available after allocations of all the candidates who could be allocated to those cadres in accordance with their preferences.

Ques.- Who is General Merit (GM) or Meritorious Reserved Category (MRC) candidate?

A candidate belonging to Reserved Category but qualified in CSE on his/her own merit without availing any relaxation like maximum age limit, number of attempts etc is called GM or MRC candidate.

Ques.- What is Service allocation from Reserve List ?

Reserved Category candidate who qualify on General Merit, are adjusted against unreserved vacancies. But in case some GM/MRC candidates do not get service of their higher preference in UR category, they are allowed to switch over to their own category leaving vacant slots. In order to meet such situation, UPSC maintains to lists equal to number of GM candidate - one of GM candidates and other of Reserved Category candidates. These lists are called Reserved List.

Ques.- When requisitions are sent by DOPT to UPSC for recommending names from Reserve List? Requisition is sent to UPSC when after service allocation from CSE (Main) List, it becomes clear as to whether a particular GM candidate has been allocated service against unreserved vacancy or has switched over to his/her category.

Ques.- What are the parameters on which service allocation to a particular candidate is decided? Service allocation to a particular candidate is depending on rank of the candidate in CSE, his/ her order of preference for service, his/her category, availability of vacancy in his/her category at his /her turn and findings of Medical Board/Appellate Board in respect of him/her.

Ques.- Whether success in Civil Services Examination creates indefeasible right for appointment? No. Success in the examination does not confer indefeasible right for appointment unless Govt. is satisfied after such enquiry as may be considered necessary that the candidate having regard to his character & antecedents is suitable in all respects for appointments to the service.

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