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102 YEARS OF JALLIANWALA BAGH MASSACRE

102 YEARS OF JALLIANWALA BAGH MASSACRE

Context

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also known as the Amritsar massacre, took place on 13 April 1919.

Details

  • The Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place in pre-Independence India on 13 April 1919, when the acting Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer ordered British troops to open fire on unarmed Indian civilians.
  • This led to widespread bloodshed and resulted in the death of 379 innocent Indians and over 1,000 injuries.

Events before Jallianwala Bagh

  • During World War I (1914–18) the British government of India enacted a series of repressive emergency powers that were intended to combat subversive activities.
  • By the war’s end, expectations were high among the Indian populace that those measures would be eased and that India would be given more political autonomy.
  • The Montagu-Chelmsford Report, presented to the British Parliament in 1918, did in fact recommend limited local self-government.

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