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22ND ANNIVERSARY OF KARGIL VIJAY DIWAS

22ND ANNIVERSARY OF KARGIL VIJAY DIWAS

Context

On 26th July 2021, the 22nd Anniversary of Kargil Vijay Diwas is being celebrated across India.

  • The country is remembering its war heroes and paying tributes to the Martyrs of Kargil Vijay Diwas.

About the Day:

  • The day signifies the victory of Indian armed forces in Operation Vijay in 1999 when they removed the infiltrators sponsored by Pakistani armed forces from high stations in the Kargil area.
  • The Kargil war was fought for more than 60 days and finished on 26 July 1999.

Kargil Vijay Diwas Celebration:

  • It is celebrated on 26 July every year in honour of the Kargil War's Heroes.
  • This day is celebrated in the Kargil–sector and the national capital New Delhi, where the Prime Minister of India pays homage to the soldiers at Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate every year.
  • Functions are also organized across the country to commemorate the contributions of the armed forces.

Background:

  • After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, there had been a long period with relatively few direct armed conflicts involving the military forces of the two nations.
  • During the 1990s, due to separatist activities in Kashmir, as well as the conducting of nuclear tests by both countries in 1998, led to an increasingly disputatious atmosphere.
  • To defuse the situation, both countries signed the Lahore Declaration in February 1999, to provide a peaceful and bilateral solution to the Kashmir conflict.

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