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37% OF SHARKS AND RAYS THREATENED WITH EXTINCTION: IUCN

37% OF SHARKS AND RAYS THREATENED WITH EXTINCTION: IUCN

Context:

According to a new red list compiled by the IUCN, sharks and rays have been seeing a decline in their population since 2014 and are now threatened with extinction.

About the Study:

  • A new red list was released by the IUCN at a world conference to protect endangered species.
  • It notes that there are signs of hope as fishing quotas have allowed several species of tuna to be placed on their recovery path.
  • About 37% of sharks and rays across the world are considered endangered as of 2021. In 2014, this amounted to 33%.
  • The upward trend was the result of overfishing, habitat loss and climate change. Oceanic shark populations have also declined by 71% since 1970.

IUCN Red List Unit:

  • The IUCN Red List lists hundreds of species each year.
  • Of the 138,000 species that followed, more than 38,000 were threatened with extinction.
  • Many of the planet's ecosystems are severely affected by global warming, deforestation, pollution, environmental degradation, and other threats.

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN):

  • IUCN is an international organization working in the field of conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
  • It is involved in data collection and analysis, field project research, representation, field projects and education.
  • It was founded in 1948.

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