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84 KOS PARIKRAMA MARG

84 KOS PARIKRAMA MARG

Context

Recently, the central government decided to declare the "84 kos parikrama marg" around Ayodhya a national highway.

Religious Importance of the Marg:

  • All 3 parikramas in Ayodhya - the 5 kos (around 15 km), 14 kos (42 km), and 84 kos (about 275 km) parikramas are linked to Lord Ram.
  • The Baal Kand of the Valmiki Ramayana mentions that Ayodhya was earlier known as Koshaldesh, initially spread over 48 kos, and was later expanded to 84 kos.
  • The 84 kos parikrama is a circumambulation of Koshaldesh, touching all important places linked with the kingdom of Ram.
  • The 14 kos parikrama is for the main Ayodhya city of that time, and the 5 kos parikrama circumambulates the inner circle within which the heart of Ram’s kingdom was located.

Hindu Belief About the 84 kos parikrama:

  • It frees a person from the obligation of completing 84 lakh yoni (lives).
  • The Parikrama of Ayodhya started from Treta Yug, the yug of Lord Ram, which was over 1 lakh years ago.

Parikrama:

  • It is believed that to seek sons from the gods, King Dasharath performed a Putrayeshthi Yajna on the bank of the Manorama river some 20 km from Ayodhya.
  • Eventually, he was blessed with 4 sons from his 3 wives.
  • The 84 kos parikrama starts and ends after about 22 days from the place where the yajna was performed, now identified as Makhaura in Bast.

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