Language
Download App

Bookmark Bookmark

ABC of International Court of Justice

ABC of International Courtckground: of Justice

Background

-          The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). It was established in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations and began work in April 1946.

-          It settles legal disputes between member states and gives advisory opinions to authorized UN organs and specialized agencies.

Details:

-          The court's workload covers a wide range of judicial activity. After the court ruled that the United States's covert war against Nicaragua was in violation of international law (Nicaragua v. United States), the United States withdrew from compulsory jurisdiction in 1986 to accept the court's jurisdiction only on a case-by-case basis.

-           Chapter XIV of the United Nations Charter authorizes the UN Security Council to enforce Court rulings. However, such enforcement is subject to the veto power of the five permanent members of the Council, which the United States used in the Nicaragua case

-          The seat of the Court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). Of the six principal organs of the United Nations, it is the only one not located in New York (United States of America).

-          The Court’s role is to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies.

-          The Court is composed of 15 judges, who are elected for terms of office of nine years by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council. It is assisted by a Registry, its administrative organ. Its official languages are English and French.

Jurisdiction :

As stated in Article 93 of the UN Charter, all 193 UN members are automatically parties to the court's statute.Non-UN members may also become parties to the court's statute under the Article 93(2) procedure. For example, before becoming a UN member state, Switzerland used this procedure in 1948 to become a party, and Nauru became a party in 1988.Once a state is a party to the court's statute, it is entitled to participate in cases before the court.

However, being a party to the statute does not automatically give the court jurisdiction over disputes involving those parties. The issue of jurisdiction is considered in the three types of ICJ cases: contentious issues, incidental jurisdiction, and advisory opinions.

You might be interested:

Banking Digest: 24 June 2018

National Mohanpura Dam Project dedicate to the nation in state - Madhya Pradesh. From June 23, 2018, The ban on single usable Plastic in state - Maharashtra. The ministry of housing and urban affairs has approved changes in the master plan ...

4 weeks ago

One Liners of the Day; 24 June 2018

National Mohanpura Dam Project dedicate to the nation in state - Madhya Pradesh. From June 23, 2018, The ban on single usable Plastic in state - Maharashtra. The ministry of housing and urban affairs has approved changes in the master plan 2021 for ...

4 weeks ago

Evening news Digest 23 June 2018 (Including PDF)

Centre sells 12.6 percent stake in RITES The Centre divested 12.6 percent of its stake in the PSU Rail India Technical and Economic Services Ltd. (RITES). With this, the stake of Centre in RITES comes down to 75 percent. RITES also became the f ...

4 weeks ago

Banking Digest: 23 June 2018

National On 4 August, India will imposed retaliatory tariff on 29 products worth $235 million from - United States (US). 5th India International MSME Start-Up Exhibition 2018 was inaugurated on June 22 in - Delhi. International India&nbs ...

4 weeks ago

One Liners of the Day; 23 June 2018

National On 4 August, India will imposed retaliatory tariff on 29 products worth $235 million from - United States (US). 5th India International MSME Start-Up Exhibition 2018 was inaugurated on June 22 in - Delhi. International India and the& ...

4 weeks ago

Vocab Express- 492

Vocab Express- 492 Dear Aspirants, To enhance your vocabulary here are 5 new words. Use these words to improve Written and Spoken English skills. In case you have missed out on our previous Vocab Express, we would strongly advise you to read it. ...

4 weeks ago

Provide your feedback on this article: