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AFRICAN SWINE FEVER (ASF)

AFRICAN SWINE FEVER (ASF)

Context:

Recently, an outbreak of suspected African swine fever (ASF) has killed 276 domestic pigs in Lunglei, Mizoram.

Action taken:

  • As a piece of the preventive measures, the local authorities have limited the acquisition and supply of pigs from and to the influenced region and the area past.
  • The samples of dead pigs were earlier tested using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and every one of them tested negative for Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) and Classical Swine Flu (CSF), the 2 pig diseases common to Mizoram.

African swine fever (ASF):

  • It is an exceptionally infectious and lethal animal disease that infects domestic and wild pigs, normally bringing about an intense type of hemorrhagic fever.
  • ASF isn't a danger to human beings since it only spreads from animals to other animals.
  • It was first found out in Africa in the 1920s.
  • The mortality is near to 100%, and since the fever has no cure, the only way to stop it spreading is by slaughtering the animals.

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