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AIRSTRIKES IN SAADA, YEMEN

AIRSTRIKES IN SAADA, YEMEN

Context:

On 22 January 2022, the Saudi-led coalition conducted airstrikes on a prison in Saada of Yemen. More than 100 people were killed during the attack.

About airstrikes:

  • Airstrikes were carried out in “Saada”, the capital city of Saada Governorate in north-western Yemen. 
  • The Houthis have a stronghold in the “Saada region”.
  • The attack was in response to the Houthis attack on UAE in January 2022.

Saudi-led coalition Reaction on the Event:

  • The Saudi-led coalition has denied carrying out an airstrike on a prison in Yemen.

What is the problem?

  • The Yemen crisis began in 2011. The uprising in Yemen forced then-President Ali Abdullah Saleh to resign in 2011. 
  • He was also forced to hand over his power to Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi. 
  • Hadi could not handle the infiltration of terrorists, separatist movements, and jihadist attacks, ultimately increasing unemployment, corruption, and food shortages in the country.
  • The Houthi Movement benefited from political instability. Shia Muslims lead the Houthi movement. 
  • They captured the province of Saada and began marching southwards. 
  • Even the Sunnis and other ordinary Yemenis began to support the Shia.
  •  The Houthi slowly took over Sanaa, the capital of Yemen.

Yemen:

  • It is a country in Western Asia located on the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula.

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