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AMENDMENTS TO THE REGISTRATION OF BIRTHS AND DEATHS ACT, 1969

AMENDMENTS TO THE REGISTRATION OF BIRTHS AND DEATHS ACT, 1969

Context:

Recently, the Centre has proposed amendments to the Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969 that will allow it to “maintain the database of registered birth and deaths at the national level”.

Current Method:

  • At present, the registration of births and deaths is done by the local registrar appointed by States.

Significance of the Move:

  • The database can be utilized to update the Population Register and the electoral register, and passport, Aadhaar, ration card, and driving licence databases.

Proposed Amendments:

  • The Chief Registrar (appointed by the States) would maintain a unified database at the State level and integrate it with the data at the “national level,” maintained by the Registrar General of India (RGI). The amendments will imply that the Centre will be a parallel repository of data.
  • “Special Sub-Registrars” shall be appointed, in the event of a disaster, with any or all of his powers and duties for on the spot registration of deaths and issuance of extract thereof, as may be prescribed.”

Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969:

1. Short title, extent and commencement:

(1) This Act may be called the Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969.

(2) It extends to the whole of India.

(3) It shall come into force in a State on such date 1 as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint: Provided that different dates may be appointed for different parts of a State.

2. Definitions and interpretation.—

(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires-

(a) “birth” means live-birth or still-birth;

(b) “death” means the permanent disappearance of all evidence of life at any time after live-birth has taken place.

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