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BIHAR POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD SIGNS MOA WITH IIT, DELHI FOR AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT

BIHAR POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD SIGNS MOA WITH IIT, DELHI FOR AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT

Context

Bihar State Pollution Control Board has signed a 'Memorandum of Agreement' (MoA) with IIT, Delhi to set up a geographical information system (GIS) based platform for air quality management in the state.

Details

  • It will help in identifying sources and transport of PM 2.5 at a "very high resolution".
  • It helps the board to identify "effective mitigation measures".
  • It will help to identify local hot spots of particulate matter PM 2.5 in the cities, namely Patna, Gaya and Muzaffarpur.
  • It will be a crucial step to identify the sources and transport of PM 2.5 at a very high resolution.
  • Under this, the mapping will be done at a "very high resolution" of one square km.
  • It will use satellite and ground-based measurement systems which will help in developing a strategy to minimize exposure with the help of modelling and survey.

About Geographic Information System (GIS)

  • It is a framework to gather, manage, and analyze data.
  • It integrates many types of data.
  • It analyzes spatial location and organizes layers of information into visualizations using maps and 3D scenes.

About PM-2.5

  • It refers to tiny particles or droplets in the air that are two and one-half microns or less in width.
  • A micron is a unit of measurement for distance.
  • There are about 25,000 microns in an inch.
  • The widths of the larger particles in the PM2.5 size range would be about thirty times smaller than that of a human hair.

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