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BIRTH ANNIVERSARY OF LOKNAYAK JAYAPRAKASJ NARAYAN

BIRTH ANNIVERSARY OF LOKNAYAK JAYAPRAKASJ NARAYAN

Context:

On 8 October, Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan’s birth anniversary is celebrated every year. Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu and have paid tributes to Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan on his Jayanti.

Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan:

  • He is popularly referred to as JP or Lok Nayak.
  • He was an Indian independence activist, political leader, theorist and socialist.
  • He is also known as the "Hero of Quit India Movement".
  • His biography, Jayaprakash, was written by his friend and the writer of Hindi literature, Rambriksh Benipuri.
  • In 1999, he was posthumously awarded India's highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna, in recognition of his social service.
  • Other awards include the Magsaysay award for Public Service in 1965.

Key Points:

  • Narayan returned from the US to India in late 1929. He joined the Indian National Congress in 1929.
  • Mahatma Gandhi became his mentor.
  • He shared a house at Kadam Kuan in Patna with his close friend and nationalist Ganga Sharan Singh (Sinha) with whom he shared the most cordial and lasting friendship.
  • He was jailed in 1932 for civil disobedience against British rule.
  • Later, Narayan was imprisoned in Nasik Jail, where he met Ram Manohar Lohia, Basawon Singh (Sinha), Yusuf Desai, Minoo Masani, Achyut Patwardhan, Ashok Mehta, C K Narayanaswami and other national leaders.

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