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BIRTH CENTENARY PROGRAMME OF DR VIKRAM SARABHAI

BIRTH CENTENARY PROGRAMME OF DR VIKRAM SARABHAI

Context

Recently, the President of India addressed the birth centenary programme of Dr. Vikram Sarabhai through video conferencing.

About Vikram Sarabhai

Early Life

  • He  was born on 12 August 1919 at Ahmedabad.
  • He was injected with seeds of scientific curiosity, ingenuity and creativity in his early part of life.

Scientific Achievements/Contributions

  • He pioneered India’s space vision by expanding the Indian Space Research Organization.
  • On 21st November 1963, he set up India’s first rocket launching station with the support of Homi Bhabha from the Atomic Energy Commission, at TERLS in Thumba which is on the coast of the Arabian Sea.
  • In 1975, he planned a successful launch of India’s first satellite Aryabhata.
  • With the practical approach towards science, he saw a golden opportunity to harness space science to the development of the country in the fields of communication, meteorology, remote sensing and education.
  • Under his guidance, the Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE) was launched in 1975- 76, which brought education to five million people in 2,400 Indian villages.
  • In 1965, he established the Community Science Centre in Ahmedabad with a view to popularise science among children.
  • He went on to establish Darpana Academy along with his wife Mrinalini Sarabhai, which is an institution devoted to performing arts and propagation of ancient culture of India.
  • He was the recipient of the Bhatnagar Memorial Award for Physics in 1962, the Padma Bhushan in 1966, and was posthumously awarded the Padma Vibhushan.
  • He was the Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission in 1966, Vice-President and Chairman of the UN Conference on peaceful uses of outer space in 1968, and President of the 14th General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
  • To honour  his contributions to science, the International Astronomical Union named a crater in the moon (in the Sea of Serenity) after him.

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