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BLACK SOFTSHELL TURTLE

BLACK SOFTSHELL TURTLE

Context:

  • Recently, the Assam forest department has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with 2 Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) and adopted a Vision Document to raise at least 1,000 black softshell turtles by 2030.

About:

  • Its Scientific Name is Nilssonia nigricans.
  • It is a freshwater species and there are 29 species of freshwater turtles and tortoises found in India.
  • It is found in ponds of temples in northeastern India and Bangladesh.
  • It is also found in the Brahmaputra River and its tributaries.
  • It is placed in the IUCN Red List as Critically Endangered.
  • It looks similar to the Indian peacock softshell turtle (Nilssonia hurum).

Sea Turtles found in India:

  • There are 5 species in Indian waters i.e. Olive Ridley, Hawksbill, Green turtle, Loggerhead, Leatherback.
  • The Leatherback, Loggerhead and Olive Ridley are listed as 'Vulnerable' on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  • The Green Turtle is listed as 'Endangered' and the Hawksbill turtle is listed as 'Critically Endangered' on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  • They are protected in the Indian Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, under Schedule I.

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