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C-DAC INSTALLED “PARAM GANGA” SUPERCOMPUTER AT IIT ROORKEE

Context

Under Phase II of the National Supercomputing Mission, the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) designed and installed a supercomputer called "PARAM Ganga" at IIT Roorkee (NSM). PARAM Ganga has a 1.66 petaflop supercomputing capacity. Petascale supercomputing equipment has been installed at IIT Roorkee to speed up research and development in diverse science and engineering disciplines.

Key Points

  • A computer system with one TeraFlops can do one trillion floating-point operations per second. 1,000 GigaFlops are equal to 1 TF. 
  • A computer system with 1 PetaFlops of processing power can do one quadrillion floating-point operations per second. At this rate, one PF equals 1,000 TF.
  • The National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) funded PARAM Ganga's development.
  • The Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) designed and commissioned the system as part of the NSM's Phase 2 build method. 
  • Significant components used in the construction of this system are manufactured and assembled in India, as is an indigenous software stack built by C-DAC, as part of the government's Make in India effort.
  • The goal is to give computational capacity to the IIT Roorkee user community and nearby academic institutions.

Objectives

  • To make India a world leader in supercomputing and to improve India's ability to solve great challenges of national and global importance.
  • To provide state-of-the-art supercomputing facilities to our scientists and researchers, allowing them to conduct cutting-edge research in their respective fields.
  • Minimize redundancies and duplication of effort, and maximise supercomputing investments.
  • To achieve global competitiveness and self-sufficiency in the strategically important field of supercomputing technology.

What is NSM, or the National Supercomputing Mission?

  • The National Science and Technology Initiative (NSM) is a collaboration between the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeiTY) and the Department of Science and Technology (DST).
  • The Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, are leading the mission.
  • The goal of the NSM Mission is to construct and deploy 24 facilities with a total compute power of more than 64 petaflops.
  • C-DAC has deployed 11 systems under NSM Phases 1 and 2 at IISc, IITs, IISER Pune, JNCASR, NABI-Mohali, and C-DAC, with a total processing power of more than 20 Petaflops.

Supercomputers established under NSM

  • PARAM Shivay: PM Narendra Modi dedicated the first supercomputer built in India to the country in February 2019 at IIT (BHU), Varanasi. The supercomputer, which has a capacity of 837 TeraFlops, cost Rs 32.5 crore to build.
  • PARAM Shakti: IIT Kharagpur's cutting-edge supercomputing system has a peak computing capacity of 1.66 PetaFlops. C-DAC constructed and commissioned PARAM Shakti to meet the computational needs of IIT Kharagpur and the region's adjacent research, engineering, and scientific establishments.
  • PARAM Brahma: The supercomputer, which has a peak computational capability of 797 TeraFlops, was built at IISER in Pune. The system is made up of the most cutting-edge hardware and software technologies available. The system's peculiarity comes from its high-efficiency cooling method, which is based on direct contact liquid cooling.
  • PARAM Yukti: With a peak computational power of 838 TeraFlops, it was built at the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR) in Bengaluru.

PARAM Sanganak: With a peak computational power of 1.67 PetaFlops, this was built at IIT Kanpur.

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