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Cabinet approves 10% quota for economically backward upper castes

Cabinet approves 10% quota for economically backward upper castes


Union Cabinet has approved 10 per cent reservation in direct recruitments and for admission in higher educational institutions for the economically backward section in the general category. 

The reservation benefit is likely to be availed by those whose annual income is below Rs 8 lakh and have up to five acres of Agricultural land. 

The government is likely to bring a constitutional amendment bill in Parliament as the quota will be over and above the existing 50 per cent reservation. 

How it will be implemented?

To get the reservation for economically backward general category, Art 15 and Art 16 would require amendment. Because, both articles presently allow to make reservation for only Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and for socially or educationally backward classes (Other Backward Classes or OBCs).

A person whose family has a gross annual income below Rs 8 lakh will be identified as (economically weaker section) EWS for the benefit of reservation. Family includes “the person who seeks the benefit of reservation, his/ her parents and siblings below the age of 18 years as also his/ her spouse and children below the age of 18 years”. Also, income will cover all sources such as salary, agriculture, business, profession etc.

Tamil Nadu is the only state which has 69% reserved seats in the government jobs and educational institutes.

As Indian constitution allows reservation for only socially and educationally backward not economically backward, it will be difficult for government to amend and insert a new clause. 

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