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CHANDRA SHEKHAR AZAD

CHANDRA SHEKHAR AZAD

Context

On 23rd July, India paid tribute to the freedom fighter Chandra Shekhar Azad on his birth anniversary.

About Chandra Shekhar Azad:

  • He was born on 23rd July 1906 in the Alirajpur district of Madhya Pradesh.
  • When he was a 15-year-old student, joined the Non-Cooperation Movement in December 1921. As a result, he was arrested.
  • When presented before a magistrate, he gave his name as "Azad" (The Free), his father's name as "Swatantrata" (Independent).
  • On 27th February 1931, he passed away at Azad Park in Allahabad.

His Contribution to the Freedom Movement:

  • After the dissolution of the non-cooperation movement in 1922 by Gandhi, Chandra Shekhar Azad joined the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA).
  • HRA: It is a revolutionary organization of India established in 1924 in East Bengal by Narendra Mohan Sen, Sachindra Nath Sanyal and Pratul Ganguly as an offshoot of Anushilan Samiti.
    • Members: Bhagat Singh, Ram Prasad Bismil, Roshan Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad, Sukhdev, Ashfaqulla Khan, Rajendra Lahiri.
  • Kakori Conspiracy: Kakori Train Robbery near Kakori, Lucknow was done in 1925 by HRA.
    • The plan was executed by Chandrashekhar Azad, Rajendra Lahiri, Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqulla Khan, and Manmathnath Gupta.
  • Hindustan Socialist Republican Association: HRA was later reorganised as the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (HSRA).
    • It was established in 1928 at Feroz Shah Kotla in New Delhi by Chandrasekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, Ashfaqulla Khan, and Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee.

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