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Changing Dynamics of India-China Border

Changing Dynamics of India-China Border

The patrolling at the Line of Actual Control has been increased by India recently, which has elicited an increase in Chinese troops from the other side in the Aksai Chin region.

Key Points:

  • India has been continuously entering the China Occupied region of India since May 2020 and is being involved in a standoff near the Galwan river and Pangong Tso lake in Ladakh and Naku La in Sikkim.
  • The frequent presence of the Chinese by virtue of better terrain is being challenged by the Indian forces who have recently developed infrastructure and facilities across the Galwan Valley region.
  • The developed infrastructure is allowing them to patrol with increased frequency and depth.
  • By December 2022, 61 roads of strategic importance will be completed across the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh, which will total up to 3417 km in length.
  • The 2005 protocol on modalities to implement confidence-building measures states that no side should use force or threaten the use of force and will refrain from provocative actions.
  • The 2013 Border Defence Cooperation agreement signed by India and China, calls for maximum self restraints on both sides and does not allow for patrol on either side where common understanding of Line of Actual Control is not there.

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