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COPPER MAHSEER - STATE FISH OF SIKKIM

COPPER MAHSEER - STATE FISH OF SIKKIM

Context:

The Government of Sikkim has declared endangered ‘Copper Mahseer’ as the state fish. It is locally called ‘Katley’.

Copper Mahseer Status:

  • It is also known as the Chocolate Mahseer has been given because of the morphological body colour of this fish.
  • In 1992, the ICAR-National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources (ICAR-NBGR), Lucknow, categorised Katley as an "endangered species".
  • In 2014, it was categorised as 'endangered' even by the global conservation body, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Habitat in India:

  • In India, Katleys are found in the Himalayas, especially in the northeastern states of Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland.
  • In Sikkim, Katleys are found in different altitudes covering the entire state, predominantly confined in Teesta and Rangit rivers and their tributaries.
  • There are as many as 48 indigenous species of Mahseer in Sikkim.

About Copper Mahseer:

  • Neolissochilus hexagonolepis is its scientific name.
  • The decision has been made to show the importance of the Katley fish and to emphasise its conservation measures.
  • It inhabits India, Thailand, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar, Indonesia, China, Bhutan, Pakistan and Vietnam.

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