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DHOLAVIRA ADDED TO UNESCO’S WORLD HERITAGE SITES LIST

DHOLAVIRA ADDED TO UNESCO’S WORLD HERITAGE SITES LIST

On 27th July 2021, the Harappan city of Dholavira, in present-day Gujarat, was named the 40th Indian site on UNESCO's World Heritage list.

About the decision:

  • It was taken at the 44th session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee at Fuzhou, China.

Dholavira:

  • It is the first site of the Indus Valley Civilisation in India to be included on UNESCO’s world heritage sites list.
  • After Champaner, Rani ki Vav and the walled city area of Ahmedabad, Dholavira is the 4th site from Gujarat to gain the UNESCO world heritage title.
  • It was discovered in 1967-68 by J. P. Joshi, of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).
  • It is an archaeological site at Khadirbet in Bhachau Taluka of Kutch District, in Gujarat.
  • The site contains ruins of an ancient Indus Valley Civilization/Harappan city.
  • It is one of the five largest Harappan sites.
  • It is one of the most remarkable and well-preserved urban settlements in South Asia dating from the 3rd to mid-2nd millennium BCE (Before Common Era).
  • The site is set apart by its unique characteristics, such as its multi-layered defensive mechanisms, water management system, extensive use of stone in construction and special burial structures.
  • A range of artefacts of copper, jewellery, shell, stone, terracotta and ivory had been found at the site.

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