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DRDO-DEVELOPED ANTI-COVID ORAL DRUG FOR EMERGENCY USE

DRDO-DEVELOPED ANTI-COVID ORAL DRUG FOR EMERGENCY USE

Context

Recently, Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI) approved anti-COVID drug 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) developed by DRDO.

Details

  • It is developed in collaboration with Dr Reddy's Laboratories, Hyderabad for emergency use.
  • Anti-COVID drug 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) comes in powder form in a sachet, which is taken orally by dissolving it in water.
  • It accumulates in the virus-infected cells and prevents virus growth by stopping viral synthesis and energy production.
  • Higher proportion of patients treated with 2-DG showed RT-PCR negative conversion in patients infected with coronavirus.

About Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)

  • It  is an agency under the Department of Defence Research and Development in the Ministry of Defence of the Government of India.
  • Established in 1958 after combining Technical Development Establishment (TDEs) of the Indian Army and the Directorate of Technical Development & Production (DTDP) with the Defence Science Organisation (DSO).
  • It is charged with the military's research and development.
  • It is headquartered in Delhi, India.

About 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)

  • It is a virus identified as the cause of an outbreak of respiratory illness first detected in Wuhan, China.
  • It is a new strain of the coronavirus that has not been identified previously and is called a novel coronavirus (nCov).
  • It is an infectious disease caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), a virus closely related to the SARS virus.
  • The 2019-nCov has been given the official name as COVID-19.

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